State Legislative History: 1997-2016
Florida was the first state to enact such a broad public access law in April 1997 (Chapter 34 of 1997).
In 2003, Utah updated its AED law by establishing a statewide registry; while Virginia updated AED laws by deleting the requirement for registration. Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, Tennessee and Texas also changed or expanded their AED laws.
In 2004, AED laws were changed or expanded in Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma and Rhode Island. The Illinois law (H. 4232) requires every physical fitness facility to have at least one AED on premises, by mid-July 2006, with exceptions.
In 2005-06, Maryland added a requirement that every high school and school-sponsored athletic events have an AED available. California required health clubs to have at least one AED. Florida authorized state and local police vehicles to carry an AED. Indiana and Virginia repealed filing and training requirements. New York required places of public assembly to maintain an AED. Oregon updated Good Samaritan protection for trained AED providers, employers, property-owners and sponsoring agencies. Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin also enacted AED laws.
In 2007, Texas added a requirement for AEDs not approved for over-the-counter sales.
In 2008 laws were enacted in Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia, Wisconsin and the District of Columbia (as of July 8, 2008).
In 2009, Illinois added dentist offices; Kansas and North Carolina expanded access by allowing "any person to use an AED”.
In 2010, Arizona, Idaho, Maryland, Missouri and Oregon enacted laws to assure that program facilitators, individuals, businesses and entities that place AEDs in their establishments are afforded appropriate immunity. Maryland and Missouri’s new laws also guarantee protections to lay rescuers who in “good faith” use an AED when working to save someone from sudden cardiac arrest. Iowa and Wisconsin require all high school students to be offered life-saving CPR training. These trainings must offer psychomotor skill development, which help ensure critical hands-on course work will be offered. Arkansas secured $300,000 to fund a Medical Emergency Response Planning in Schools program to assure that the AEDs are placed appropriately, and school staff is trained properly. (adopted from AHA materials).
From 2011-12, state legislation related to a variety of subjects: training in the workplace, schools, and medical facilities, availability of Defibrillators (AEDs) in gyms, places of work, schools, government buildings, community centers, golf courses, public areas, and medical facilities, a declaration of Cardiac Awareness Month, emergency actions plans of school districts to include Defibrillators (AEDs) in their emergency plan equipment, immunity from civil liability for the use of Defibrillators (AEDs) in good faith during an emergency, and tax credits for the cost of purchasing Defibrillators (AEDs).
From 2015-16, several states considered legislation aimed specifically at primary and secondary school athletic activities, including games off school property.