Environment and Natural Resources


wildfire fighters

Fighting Back: State Efforts to Prevent Wildfires

From 1985 to 1999, the U.S. government spent about $425 million annually on wildfire suppression. From 2000 to 2019, the annual average jumped to $1.6 billion, according to the National Interagency Fire Center. State spending, especially in the West, has been on a similar trajectory. 


Image of a scientist's hand holding flask with lab glassware and test tubes in chemical laboratory background,

State and Federal Efforts to Address PFAS Contamination

Per- and Poly-fluoroalkyls, known more commonly as PFAS, are a group of human-made chemicals not found naturally in the environment that are linked to a variety of diseases and health conditions, and are of increasing concern to state legislatures and the federal government.

Summit 2021


Environment and Natural Resources


pile of food waste

State and Federal Efforts to Revitalize Recycling

Congress has introduced legislation to address key areas within the national recycling infrastructure. While no bills have passed yet, the debate is likely to continue. Given the absence of a federal recycling law, state and local governments are responsible for their own requirements and have taken various actions to address recycling in their communities.


NCSL Capitol Forum logo.

On Shaky Ground

Urgent infrastructure needs are straining public resources. We examine the policies, planning frameworks and new funding approaches states are using to improve infrastructure systems in four vital areas.


NCSL standing committee

Natural Resources and Infrastructure

The Natural Resources and Infrastructure Committee is one of eight committees educating Congress and federal agencies about state concerns and serving as a forum for state legislators and legislative staff. This committee has jurisdiction over state and federal energy, environment, agriculture and transportation programs, legislation, regulations and policies.


ncsl database

Environment and Natural Resources State Bill Tracking

The NCSL Environment and Natural Resources Bill Tracking Database features state legislation relating to air quality, disaster mitigation, environmental cleanup, land-forests, waste and recycling, and water conservation and efficiency.




Environmental Health State Bill Tracking 

NCSL tracks state environment and natural resources legislation in the Environmental Health Legislation Database, covering legislation from the 2009-2015 legislative sessions from the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Each database is searchable by keyword, year, state, topic, bill number and status.