Just under 4.4 million people in the 50 states and Washington, D.C., were under community supervision at the end of 2018, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Community supervision encompasses both court-ordered probation and parole following incarceration.
While rates of probation and parole vary from state to state, research is clear on which strategies are best to meet the goals of reducing recidivism, increasing public safety and cutting spending.
Use our enactment database to track legislation in your state, compare laws with the 50-state charts, or read our recent reports.
Community Supervision Resources