Legislative Sessions with Limited Scope

There are two types of annual sessions—general and limited scope. The 39 legislatures that meet annually hold general sessions each year; they consider all types of legislation during both years of a biennium. Only seven legislatures that meet annually limit one year of a biennium to consideration of specific types of legislation. They are Arkansas, Connecticut, Louisiana, Maine, New Mexico, North Carolina, and Wyoming.

Shown below are the year of the biennium in which the session scope is limited and a description of each state’s subject limit.
 

 

 

State

Year in which the Scope Limit Occurs

 

Subject Limit

Arkansas

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Appropriation bills; other bills only upon approval by two-thirds (2/3) of the members of each house

Connecticut

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Individual legislators may only introduce bills of a fiscal nature, emergency legislation, bills raised by committee

Louisiana

Odd year/

2nd year of biennium

Fiscal issues, local bills and individual legislators may introduce a maximum of five bills by prefile date

Maine

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Budgetary matters, legislation in the governor’s call, emergency legislation, legislation referred to committees for study

New Mexico

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Budgets, appropriation and revenue bills, bills drawn pursuant to governor’s message, vetoed bills

North Carolina

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Budget adjustments and other topics as set out in the adjournment resolution ending the odd-year

Wyoming

Even year/

2nd year of biennium

Budget bills; other bills only by approval of two-thirds (2/3) of the members of either house