Workforce Development


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Child Labor

State and federal laws on child labor seek to protect minors by establishing minimum ages for young workers, prohibiting work in dangerous occupations, limiting work hours, and ensuring their attendance at school.


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Employee Misclassification

Employee misclassification occurs when workers are labeled as independent contractors, rather than employees. States lose millions of dollars annually in unpaid taxes due to misclassification and it causes unfair competition for businesses.



Workforce Development


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At-Will Employment

The at-will employment doctrine governs the employment relationship for workers not covered by an employment contract or collective bargaining agreement. It has been adopted in every state except Montana. This article from the Monthly Labor Review summarizes the doctrine and lists state exceptions.


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The Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets standards for minimum wages, overtime, child labor and record-keeping. The FLSA exempts administrative and professional employees, and some types of workers, such as agricultural and domestic workers.



Personnel issues cover a wide range of issues, including minium wage, tip credits, equal pay, child labor, collective bargaining, right-to-work, workers compensation, employee misclassification, flexible work schedules and various types of discrimination against workers or applicants. NCSL has resources on these issues and links to state and federal resources.