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Equal Pay Laws

Below is a summary of states that have enacted statutes requiring equal pay for equal work.

State

Citation

Provisions

Alabama

None

None

Alaska

§18.20.270

Employers may not discriminate in wages between men and women for work of comparable character or work in same operations, businesses or type of work in same locality

Arizona

A.R.S. § 23-340, et seq.

Equal wage rates; variations; penalties; enforcement

Arkansas

A.C.A. § 11-4-601, et seq.

Sex discrimination - employers shall pay employees equal compensation for equal services

California

Cal. Labor Code § 1197.5

Equal wage rates for all employees; variations; enforcement

Colorado

C.R.S.A. § 8-5-101, et seq.

Wage discrimination prohibited

Connecticut

§31-75 et seq.

No employer may discriminate in amount paid to employee solely on the basis of sex. 

Delaware

19 Del.C. § 1107A

Differential rate of pay based on gender prohibited

D.C.

DC ST § 32-601, et seq.

Government pay equity

Florida

F.S.A. § 448.07

Wage rate discrimination based on sex prohibited

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann., § 45-19-33

Discrimination in wages or conditions not unlawful when made on basis other than race, color, religion or national origin, sex, disability or age

Hawaii

HRS § 378-2.3

HRS § 387-4

Equal pay; sex discrimination

Wage discrimination prohibited

Idaho

I.C. § 44-1701, et seq.

Discriminatory wage rates based upon sex prohibited

Illinois

820 ILCS 110/1, et seq.

820 ILCS 112/1, et seq.

820 ILCS 125/0.01, et seq.

Equal Wage Act

Equal Pay Act of 2003

Wages of Women and Minors Act

Indiana

§22-2-2-3 et seq.

An employer may not pay lower wages to one sex for equal work on jobs requiring equal skills, effort and responsibility

Iowa

I.C.A. § 70A.18

I.C.A. § 216.6A

Compensation based on comparable worth

Wage discrimination in employment

Kansas

K.S.A. 44-1205

Discrimination in payment of wages between sexes prohibited

Kentucky

KRS § 337.420, et seq.

Wages discrimination because of sex prohibited

Louisiana

LSA-R.S. 23:2021

LA R.S. 23:661, et seq.

Equal Pay Commission

Equal Pay for Women Act: requires equal pay for equal work in public employment.

Maine

26 M.R.S.A. § 628

Equal pay - An employer may not discriminate between employees in the same establishment on the basis of sex

Maryland

MD Code, Labor & Emp. § 3-301, et seq.

Equal Pay for Equal Work

Massachusetts

M.G.L.A. 41 § 108J

Officers and Employees of Cities, Towns and Districts - Equal pay of male and female employees

Michigan

M.C.L.A. 750.556

Unfair discrimination between sexes in payment of wages

Minnesota

M.S.A. § 181.66, et seq.

Equal Pay for Equal Work Law

Mississippi

None

None

Missouri

V.A.M.S. 290.410, et seq.

Employer not to pay female lower wage

Montana

MCA 2-18-208

MCA 39-3-104

Comparable worth - equal pay for equal work

Equal pay for women for equivalent service

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. St. § 48-1219

Discriminatory wage practices based on sex; policy

Nevada

§608.017.1

No employee can be paid a wage less than that paid to employees of the opposite sex for work requiring equal skills, effort and responsibility

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. § 275:37

Equal Pay - No employer shall discriminate in the payment of wages as between the sexes

New Jersey

N.J.S.A. 34:11-56.1, et seq.

Discrimination in Wages

New Mexico

H.B. 216 (2013)

Prohibits wage discrimination based on gender.

New York

Labor Law §194

No employee may be paid less than that paid to an employee of the opposite sex for work requiring equal skills, effort and responsibility

North Carolina

N.C.G.S.A. § 126-16, et seq.

Requires equal pay for equal work in public employment

North Dakota

NDCC, 34-06.1-01, et seq.

Equal Pay for Men and Women

Ohio

R.C. § 4111.17

Wage discrimination; exceptions; enforcement

Oklahoma

40 Okl St.Ann. § 198.1, et seq.

Payment of discriminatory wages based on employee's sex prohibited

Oregon

O.R.S. § 652.220, et seq.

Discriminatory wage rates based on sex

Pennsylvania

43 P.S. § 336.1, et seq.

Equal Pay Law - No employer shall discriminate

Rhode Island

Gen. Laws 1956, § 28-6-17, et seq.

Gen. Laws 1956, § 42-124-1, et seq.

Wage Discrimination Based on Sex

Establishment of Special Legislative Commission on Equal Pay and Comparable Worth in Public and Private Employment

South Carolina

None

None

South Dakota

SDCL § 60-12-15, et seq.

Equal pay for equal work - Discrimination based on sex prohibited

Tennessee

§50-2-201 et seq.

No public or private employer may discriminate in wages based solely on sex

Texas

V.T.C.A., Gov’t Code § 659.001

V.T.C.A., Gov’t Code §  21.051

Equal work requires equal pay in public employment

Equal work requires equal pay in private employment

Utah

None

None

Vermont

21 V.S.A. § 495

It is an unlawful employment practice to differentiate in payment of wages based on sex.

Virginia

VA Code Ann. § 40.1-28.6

Equal pay irrespective of sex

Washington

RCWA 49.12.175

Wage discrimination due to sex prohibited

West Virginia

W. Va. Code, § 21-5B-1, et seq.

W. Va. Code, § 21-5E-1, et seq.

Equal Pay for Equal Work

Equal Pay for Equal Work for State Employees

Wisconsin

None

Note: Wisconsin has a general employment discrimination law.

Wyoming

W.S.1977 § 27-4-301, et seq.

Equal Pay - Prohibition on paying employees less for same work

Source: Westlaw 50-state statutory database searches, February 2014

 

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