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2013 Right to Work Legislation

2013 Right-to-Work Legislation

12/12/2013

Shaking handsRight-to-work legislation was introduced in 21 states during the 2013 legislative session, as well as in the District of Columbia and the U.S. Congress.

Tennessee was the only state to pass legislation, prohibiting waiver of rights to join or refrain from joining a union.

Below are summaries of the 2013 right-to-work bills.

Right-to-Work Resource Page

ALABAMA
AL S 41
Sponsor: Dial (R)
Title: Discrimination by Nonmembership in Labor Unions
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Proposes an amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended; declares that it is the public policy of Alabama that the right of persons to work may not be denied or abridged on account of membership or nonmembership in a labor union or labor organization; prohibits an agreement to deny the right to work, or condition of prospective employment, on account of membership or nonmembership in a labor union or labor organization.
01/10/2013 - Prefiled.
02/05/2013 - Introduced.
02/05/2013 - To Senate Committee on Business and Labor.
02/07/2013 - From Senate Committee on Business and Labor: Reported favorably with amendment.
03/07/2013 - Committee amendment adopted on Senate floor.
03/07/2013 - Passed Senate.  To House.
03/07/2013 - To House Committee on Commerce and Small Business.
03/20/2013 - From House Committee on Commerce and Small Business: Reported favorably.

ARKANSAS
AR S 894
Sponsor: Stubblefield (R)
Title: Lawful Occupation
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Amends Arkansas law concerning the right to engage in a lawful occupation; ensures that a person may pursue a lawful occupation free from unnecessary regulation; protect against the misuse of occupational rules to reduce competition and increase prices to consumers.
03/08/2013 - Introduced.
03/08/2013 - To Senate Committee on Public Health, Welfare and Labor.

COLORADO
CO H 1106
Sponsor: Everett (R)
Title: Labor Union Participation Discrimination
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Concerns the prohibition of discrimination against employees based on labor union participation.
01/18/2013 - Introduced.
01/18/2013 - To House Committee on State, Veterans and Military Affairs.
02/11/2013 - From House Committee on State, Veterans and Military Affairs: Postponed indefinitely.

CO S 24
Sponsor: Hill (R)
Title: Discrimination Based on Labor Union Participation
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Concerns the prohibition of discrimination against employees based on labor union participation.
01/09/2013 - Introduced.
01/09/2013 - To Senate Committee on Business, Labor and Technology.
01/23/2013 - From Senate Committee on Business, Labor and Technology: Postponed indefinitely.

CONNECTICUT
CT H 5168
Sponsor: Sampson (R)
Title: Joining a Union or Paying Union Dues
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Prevents unwilling employees from joining a union or paying union dues; helps attract investment, make Connecticut more attractive to business and create more job opportunities by making Connecticut a Right to Work state.
01/10/2013 - Introduced.
01/10/2013 - To Joint Committee on Labor and Public Employees.
03/19/2013 - Failed Joint Favorable deadline.

CT H 5709
Sponsor: Cafero (R)
Title: Worker Unions
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Concerns union recertification, worker choice and secret ballots; allows workers an opportunity to choose the union they want representing them and to protect the sanctity of the secret ballot.
01/23/2013 - Introduced.
01/23/2013 - To Joint Committee on Labor and Public Employees.
03/19/2013 - Failed Joint Favorable deadline.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
DC B 65
Sponsor: Graham (D)
Title: Equal Access To Employment for All
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Prohibits the use of consumer credit checks against prospective and current employees for the purpose of making adverse employment decisions.
01/10/2013 - Introduced.
01/10/2013 - To Council Committee on Business, Consumer, and Regulatory Affairs.

GEORGIA
GA H 144
Sponsor: Kirby (R)
Title: Labor Organizations
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Relates to labor organizations and labor relations, provides for public policy declaring Georgia a free-to-work state, provides for the right to employment without retribution for refusal to join or affiliate with a labor union or other employee organization, provides for the development by the Dept. of Labor of information regarding employees' rights to work free from such retribution, provides for penalties and enforcement, provides for related matters, repeals conflicting laws.
01/29/2013 - Introduced.
01/30/2013 - To House Committee on Industry and Labor.
01/31/2013 - In House: Read 2nd time.

HAWAII
HI S 261
Sponsor: Slom (R)
Title: Right to Gainful Employment
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Protects an individual's right to gainful employment regardless of non membership in any labor organization.
01/17/2013 - Introduced.
01/22/2013 - To Senate Committee on Judiciary and Labor.
01/22/2013 - Subsequent referral set for: Senate Committee on Ways and Means.
03/07/2013 - Failed First Crossover Deadline - First Year of Biennium.

ILLINOIS
IL H 3160
Sponsor: Ives (R)
Title: Workers Rights Act
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Creates the Workers Rights Act; provides that no person shall be required as a condition of obtaining or continuing public-sector or private-sector employment to resign or refrain from membership in, voluntary affiliation with, or voluntary financial support of, a labor organization.
02/26/2013 - Introduced.
02/26/2013 - To House Committee on Rules.
03/11/2013 - To House Committee on Labor and Commerce.
03/22/2013 - Rereferred to House Committee on Rules.

IOWA
IA HJR 1
Sponsor: Forristall (R)
Title: Labor Union Membership
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Proposes an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Iowa relating to labor union membership; provides that the joint resolution proposes incorporating current through 731.5 into the constitution; provides that the resolution provides that a person shall not be deprived of the right to work for any employer because of membership in, or refusal to join, a labor union.
01/15/2013 - Introduced.
01/15/2013 - To House Committee on Labor.
01/16/2013 - In House Committee on Labor.

KENTUCKY
KY H 308
Sponsor: DeCesare (R)
Title: Contracts
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Relates to contracts; prohibits mandatory membership or financial support of a labor organization as a condition of employment and to name this section as the Kentucky Right to Work Act; amends 336.990 to make a violation of the Act a Class A misdemeanor, award damages, and provide injunctive relief; exempts existing contracts or agreements and a new section to require the Attorney General to investigate complaints and prosecute those who violate Section 1 of the Act.
02/11/2013 - Introduced.
02/12/2013 - To House Committee on Labor and Industry.
02/20/2013 - Posted in committee.
02/20/2013 - Posting waived.

MAINE
ME H 582
Sponsor: Lockman (R)
Title: Conditions of Employment
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Prohibits a person from being required to join a labor organization or pay any labor organization dues or fees as a condition of employment or continuation of employment, notwithstanding any state law to the contrary. A violation is a Class D crime and is also subject to civil damages and injunctive relief. The Attorney General is responsible for enforcement and is required to prosecute all violations.
03/04/2013 - Introduced.
03/04/2013 - Filed as LR 1384.
03/05/2013 - House refers to Joint Committee on Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development.
03/05/2013 - Senate refers to Joint Committee on Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development in concurrence.
04/22/2013 - From Joint Committee on Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development: with divided report.
04/24/2013 - House adopts Majority Committee Report: Ought not to pass.
04/25/2013 - Senate adopts Majority Committee Report: Ought not to pass.

MARYLAND
MD H 318
Sponsor: Miller W (R)
Title: Labor and Employment
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Prohibits an employer from requiring, as a condition of employment or continued employment, an employee or prospective employee to join or remain a member of a labor organization, pay charges to a labor organization, or pay a specified amount to a third party under specified circumstances; prohibits an employer from threatening an employee or a prospective employee with specified action; provides that a specified violation of law is a misdemeanor and is subject to specified penalties.
01/24/2013 - Introduced.
01/24/2013 - To House Committee on Economic Matters.
02/26/2013 - From House Committee on Economic Matters: Reported unfavorably.

MD S 668
Sponsor: Kittleman A (R)
Title: Labor and Employment
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Relates to labor and employment; relates to right to work.
02/01/2013 - Introduced.
02/01/2013 - To Senate Committee on Finance.
03/06/2013 - Reassigned to Senate Committee on Judicial Proceedings.

MASSACHUSETTS
MA H 2275
Sponsor: Cronin (D)
Title: Union Employee Fair Payment
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Relates to the payment of fair share provisions of employees choosing not to join a union.
02/18/2013 - Introduced.
02/18/2013 - Filed as House Docket 1960
02/18/2013 - To Joint Committee on Public Service. Dated 01/22/2013.

MA H 2823
Sponsor: Jones (R)
Title: Public Construction
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Prohibits the use of union-only requirements in public construction; provides that no awarding authority shall require or prohibit bidders, contractors, or subcontractors to enter into or adhere to agreements with labor organizations, on the same or related projects, or discriminate against bidders, contractors, subcontractors, or operators for joining or adhering to agreements with one or more labor organizations, on the same or other related public works projects.
02/18/2013 - Introduced.
02/18/2013 - Filed as House Docket 2365
02/18/2013 - To Joint Committee on State Administration and Regulatory Oversight. Dated 01/22/2013.
10/22/2013 - In Joint Committee on State Administration and Regulatory Oversight: Heard. Eligible for Executive Session.

MISSOURI
MO HJR 28
Sponsor: Marshall (R)
Title: Constitutional Amendment
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Proposes a constitutional amendment guaranteeing the right to work.
02/20/2013 - Introduced.
03/13/2013 - To House Committee on Workforce Development and Workplace Safety.

MO S 238
Sponsor: Emery (R)
Title: Labor Practices
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Bars employers from requiring employees to engage in or cease engaging in certain labor practices.
01/30/2013 - Introduced.
02/14/2013 - To Senate Committee on Small Business, Insurance and Industry.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
NH H 323
Sponsor: O'Brien W (R)
Title: Franklin Partin Right To Work Act
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Prohibits collective bargaining agreements that require employees to join a labor union.
01/03/2013 - Introduced.
01/03/2013 - To House Committee on Labor, Industrial and Rehabilitative Services.
01/17/2013 - Filed as LSR 247.
02/07/2013 - From House Committee on Labor, Industrial and Rehabilitative Services: Majority reported ought not to pass.
02/07/2013 - From House Committee on Labor, Industrial and Rehabilitative Services: Minority reported ought to pass with amendment.
02/13/2013 - Failed to pass House.

NEW MEXICO
NM H 351
Sponsor: Ezzell (R)
Title: Employment
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Relates to employment; enacts the employee preference act; prohibits membership in a labor organization as a condition of employment; prohibits the deduction of dues or fees to a labor organization from the compensation of employees without written authorization; provides for investigation and enforcement; amends a section of the Public Employee Bargaining Act; provides a penalty.
01/30/2013 - Introduced.
01/30/2013 - To House Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
01/30/2013 - To House Committee on Judiciary.

NM S 224
Sponsor: Rue (R)
Title: Public Works Contracts
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Relates to public works contracts; prohibits a state agency or local public body from requiring contractors to enter into or adhere to an agreement with a labor organization; prohibits a state agency or local public body from prohibiting contractors from entering into or adhering to an agreement with a labor organization.
01/23/2013 - Introduced.
01/23/2013 - To Senate Committee on Public Affairs.
01/23/2013 - To Senate Committee on Judiciary.

NORTH CAROLINA
NC H 6
Sponsor: Tillis (R)
Title: Voting Rights
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Amends the North Carolina Constitution to guarantee the right of an individual to work, to make contracts between a unit of government and a labor organization as bargaining agent concerning public employees illegal, and to preserve the right of an individual to vote by secret ballot for an election, designation, or authorization for employee representation by a labor organization.
01/30/2013 - Filed.
01/31/2013 - Introduced.
01/31/2013 - To House Committee on Rules, Calendar, and Operations of the House.

NC H 53
Sponsor: Tillis (R)
Title: Right Of An Individual To Work
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Amends the North Carolina Constitution to guarantee the right of an individual to work, to make any contract between a state or local governmental entity and a labor organization as bargaining agent concerning government employees illegal, and to preserve the right of an individual to vote by secret ballot for an election, designation, or authorization for employee representation by a labor organization.
01/31/2013 - Filed.
02/04/2013 - Introduced.
02/04/2013 - To House Committee on Rules, Calendar, and Operations of the House.

NC H 872
Sponsor: Moffitt (R)
Title: Protect Right-To-Work
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Protects the right-to-work by making it an unenforceable unfair trade practice for any contract to require a contractor or subcontractor to use unionized labor.
04/11/2013 - Filed.
04/15/2013 - Introduced.
04/15/2013 - To House Committee on Commerce and Job Development.
05/01/2013 - From House Committee on Commerce and Job Development: Reported favorably.
05/01/2013 - In House.  Placed on Calendar for: 05/02/2013
05/02/2013 - In House.  Read second time.  To third reading.
05/02/2013 - In House.  Read third time.  Passed House.  To Senate.
05/06/2013 - To Senate Committee on Commerce.
11/01/2013 - 2013 General Assembly - First Session Adjourned - Carried Over to 2014 General Assembly - Second Session.

RHODE ISLAND
RI S 150
Sponsor: Kettle (R)
Title: Education
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Would enact the Rhode Island teachers' right to work act, making union membership and union dues voluntary, and enabling those exercising their rights there-under to bargain independently with their employers. This act would take effect upon passage.
01/24/2013 - Introduced.
01/24/2013 - To Senate Committee on Labor.

TENNESSEE
TN S 1017
Sponsor: Bell (R)
Title: Right to Work
Disposition: Enacted
Summary: Relates to the right to work; relates to employers and employees; prohibits any governmental body from passing any law, ordinance or regulation that requires any employer to waive its rights under the National Labor Relations Act; relates to multi-employer associations; prohibits any zoning, permitting or licensing conditions that requires an employer or employee to waive such rights; regulates collective bargaining; provides that any contract in violation of these provisions is null and void.
01/31/2013 - Introduced.
02/06/2013 - To Senate Committee on Commerce and Labor.
03/19/2013 - From Senate Committee on Commerce and Labor: Recommend passage with amendment.
03/19/2013 - To Senate Committee on Calendar.
03/28/2013 - Placed on Regular Calendar.
04/01/2013 - In Senate.  Amendment adopted on Senate floor. No. 1, 2.
04/01/2013 - In Senate.  Read third time. Passed Senate. To House.
04/03/2013 - In House.  Read second time. Held on desk.
04/11/2013 - In House.  Substituted on House floor for H 915
04/11/2013 - In House.  Amendment withdrawn from House floor. No. 1
04/11/2013 - In House.  Read third time. Passed House.
04/12/2013 - Eligible for Governor's desk.
04/16/2013 - To Governor.
04/25/2013 - Signed by Governor.
05/01/2013 - Public Chaptered.  Chapter No. 277

VIRGINIA
VA HJR 536
Sponsor: Bell Ri (R)
Title: Right To Work
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Proposes a constitutional amendment; relates to right to work; provides that any agreement between any employer and any labor union or organization whereby persons not members of such union or organization are denied the right to work or such membership is made a condition of employment or continuation of employment by such employer, or any such union or organization acquires an employment monopoly in any enterprise, is against public policy and constitutes an illegal combination or conspiracy.
07/24/2012 - Prefiled.
07/24/2012 - To House Committee on Privileges and Elections.
01/09/2013 - Introduced.
01/09/2013 - To House Committee on Privileges and Elections.
01/25/2013 - From House Committee on Privileges and Elections: Reported with amendment.
01/29/2013 - Committee amendment adopted on House floor.
01/29/2013 - Engrossed by House as amended.
01/29/2013 - Passed House.  To Senate.
02/01/2013 - To Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections.
02/12/2013 - From Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections: Reported favorably.
02/15/2013 - Failed to pass Senate.

VA SJR 293
Sponsor: Black (R)
Title: Right To Work
Disposition: Failed
Summary: Proposes a constitutional amendment; relates to right to work; relates to agreements or combinations between any employer and any labor union or labor organization whereby persons not members of such union or organization are denied the right to work for the employer.
01/04/2013 - Prefiled.
01/04/2013 - To Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections.
01/09/2013 - Introduced.
01/09/2013 - To Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections.
01/22/2013 - From Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections: Reported favorably.
01/25/2013 - Engrossed by Senate.
01/28/2013 - Failed to pass Senate.

WASHINGTON
WA H 1461
Sponsor: Manweller (R)
Title: Notice of Employees Rights
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Requires notice of employees' rights related to unions.
01/25/2013 - Introduced.
01/28/2013 - To House Committee on Labor and Workforce Development.
05/13/2013 - 2013 1st Special Session Action: By Order of Resolution -  Reintroduced and retained in present status.
11/07/2013 - 2013 3rd Special Session Action: By Order of Resolution -  Reintroduced and retained in present status.

WA S 5935 a
Sponsor: Baumgartner (R)
Title: Right to Work
Disposition: Pending - Carryover
Summary: Protects the right to work; provides that a person shall not be required by an employer to abstain or refrain from membership in any labor organization as a condition of employment or continuation of employment; provides that the right to work shall not be denied or abridged on account of an employee's choice to bargain collectively through a labor organization; provides that a person shall not be required by an employer to become or remain a member of a labor organization as a condition of employment.
05/15/2013 - Introduced.
05/15/2013 - To Senate Committee on Commerce and Labor.

WEST VIRGINIA
WV H 2010
Sponsor: Kump (R)
Title: Employers and Labor Unions
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Prohibits employers and labor unions from requiring employees to become or remain members of labor unions as a condition of employment.
02/13/2013 - Introduced.
02/13/2013 - To House Committee on Energy, Industry and Labor, Economic Development and Small Business.

WV H 2596
Sponsor: Overington (R)
Title: Right to Work Law
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Establishes the Right to Work Law.
02/21/2013 - Introduced.
02/21/2013 - To House Committee on Energy, Industry and Labor, Economic Development and Small Business.

WV HJR 14
Sponsor: Overington (R)
Title: Right To Work Amendment
Disposition: Failed - Adjourned
Summary: Concerns the Right to Work Amendment.
02/13/2013 - Introduced.
02/13/2013 - To House Committee on Constitutional Revision.

U.S. CONGRESS
US H 946
Sponsor: King S (R)
Title: Labor Organizations
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Preserves and protects the free choice of individual employees to form, join, or assist labor organizations, or to refrain from such activities.
03/05/2013 - Introduced.
03/05/2013 - To House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
04/23/2013 - In House Committee on Education and the Workforce: Referred to Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions.

US H 3485
Sponsor: Price T (R)
Title: Workers Opting Out of Labor Organizations
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Provides protections for workers with respect to their right to select or refrain from selecting representation by a labor organization.
11/14/2013 - Introduced.
11/14/2013 - To House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

US S 1712
Sponsor: Hatch (R)
Title: Workers Opt Out of Labor Organizations
Disposition: Pending
Summary: Provides protections for workers with respect to their right to select or refrain from selecting representation by a labor organization.
11/14/2013 - Introduced.
11/14/2013 - In Senate.  Read second time.
11/14/2013 - To Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions.

Source: StateNet Bill Tracking, 2013 year-end searches.
 

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