Next update scheduled for March 11,2014
The Early Care and Education database tracks and updates early care and education legislation from the 2008-2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories. Issues include child care and child care financing, early childhood services, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers, and financing early education. Legislation can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. This database, which is updated biweekly, is made possible by the generous support of the Alliance for Early Success.
2014 LEGISLATIVE SESSION – EARLY CARE & EDUCATION STATE LEGISLATION
As of the week of February 10, 2014, thirty-eight states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have convened the 2014 legislative session. Legislatures in four additional states will soon convene their 2014 sessions, including Florida, Louisiana, Minnesota and North Carolina. Four states – Montana, Nevada, North Dakota and Texas – will not hold a regular session in 2014.
For the most up-to-date status and description of early care and education legislation from the 2008 to 2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories, scroll down to search the NCSL Early Care and Education Database, updated every 2 weeks starting on January 14, 2014. Note: The 2014 database includes approximately 300 carryover bills from the 2013 session from 26 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
To read about the 2013 legislative session and 174 enacted laws on early care and education in 38 states and Puerto Rico, see the full 2013 State Legislative Action on Early Care and Education report.
So far in 20141, lawmakers in 39 states have introduced more than 300 bills on various early care and education state policy issues, including:
- Child care licensing (California, District of Columbia, Florida, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin)
- Child care assistance policy (Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Missouri, Washington and Virginia)
- Child care quality and tax incentives (Colorado, Indiana, Maine, Oklahoma and Virginia)
- Training, professional development and support for the early childhood workforce (Colorado, Indiana and Mississippi)
- Pre-K or kindergarten access (California, Hawaii, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina and Virginia)
- Pre-K or kindergarten assessments (D.C., Indiana and New York)
- Governance and comprehensive early childhood systems (Connecticut, Hawaii, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming)
- Early childhood data (Colorado, Nebraska and West Virginia)
- Early literacy development (Alaska, Hawaii, Michigan, New Mexico, Oklahoma and South Carolina)
- Home visiting (Alabama, New Mexico and Georgia)
- Comprehensive early childhood systems (Connecticut, Minnesota, New Mexico, Washington and Wyoming)
- Comprehensive financing of early childhood programs (Mississippi, New Hampshire and New Jersey)
SELECTED BILLS OF NOTE (as introduced)
- Connecticut SB 25 (Sen. Williams): Establishes the Office of Early Childhood within the Department of Education. Requires the Office to ensure a comprehensive and coordinated birth-to-eight system of early care and education, including a system to track health, safety and school readiness of children in various state-funded early care and education programs and characteristics of the early care and education workforce. Requires the Office to work with the Early Childhood Cabinet to develop an accountability plan and implement a statewide longitudinal evaluation to examine the progress of children from pre-K to 4th grades.
- Iowa HB 2070 (Rep. Heaton): Allows low-income parents to receive subsidized child care assistance if their combined hours of work, training or education add up to at least 28 hours per week.
- Utah SB 42 (Sen. Osmond): Establishes the High-Quality Preschool Pilot Program and state grants for up to seven school districts to implement pre-K for at-risk children. Requires the State Board of Education to select or develop a school readiness assessment based on the Utah Early Childhood Core Standards and provide evidence-based curriculum. Requires the program to include professional development for staff and requires teachers to hold an Associates or Bachelor’s degrees in early childhood or related field. Requires school districts to assign statewide unique student identifiers in order to track students’ progress over time.
- West Virginia SB 420 (Sen. Plymale): Adds child care to the scope of work of the state P-20-W Longitudinal Data System. Requires state agencies to develop interagency protocols to share, integrate and link student data across the states’ child care, education and workforce systems. Establishes the roles, duties and membership of the P-20-W Longitudinal Data System Governing Board and requires the Board to report to the Legislature and Governor annually.
Sources: State Net, NCSL and state legislatures. 2014.
 Include bills recently introduced by year-round state legislatures. Bill summaries are current as of date of introduction and may not include provisions added, removed or amended during subsequent legislative stages. For questions, comments, additions or corrections, please contact Phuonglan.Nguyen@ncsl.org or 303-856-1582.