Next update scheduled for September 23, 2014
The Early Care and Education database tracks and updates early care and education legislation from the 2008-2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories. Issues include child care and child care financing, early childhood services, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers, and financing early education. Legislation can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. This database, which is updated biweekly, is made possible by the generous support of the Alliance for Early Success.
2014 LEGISLATIVE SESSION – EARLY CARE & EDUCATION STATE LEGISLATION
View the full 2014 legislative calendar for all states and the territories, including states that have year-round sessions and states in special sessions.
For the most up-to-date status and description of early care and education legislation from the 2008 to 2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories, scroll down to search the NCSL Early Care and Education Database, updated every 2 weeks starting on January 14, 2014. In the upcoming months, watch for the release of the 2014 State Legislative Action on Early Care and Education, an annual report of enacted legislation in states on issues related to early care and education. View previous years' reports.
Notes about the Database:
- The 2014 database includes approximately 300 carryover bills from the 2013 session from 26 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. To ensure the bill status reflects the appropriate year, please check the “Date of Last Action” field.
- The following terms may be inserted in the “Keyword” search field to identify bills in early literacy development, brain science/research/development, social and emotional development, and kindergarten entry/readiness assessments.
- “early literacy”
- “brain develop”
- “social emotional develop”
- “kindergarten read”
Enacted Bills of Note:
Bill summaries are current as of date of legislative passage and may not include provisions not approved by governors. For questions, comments, additions or corrections, please contact Early Care and Education staff by emailing email@example.com or calling 303-364-7700.
- Indiana H 1004 (Rep.Behning): Establishes the Early Education Grant Pilot Program in five counties for four-year-old children from families whose incomes do not exceed 127 percent of the federal poverty level. Requires participating providers to meet at least a 3- or 4-star rating in the state QRIS, administer a kindergarten readiness assessment and participate in a longitudinal study. Requires the Office of Family and Social Services to administer the pilot program, determine eligibility, and oversee grants and accountability measures. Requires the Office of Family and Social Services to acquire a federal waiver to allow the state to use CCDF and or Head Start funds toward the program and to conduct a longitudinal study to assess achievement levels of those students in kindergarten and later grades. Requires the Office to use various reverted, appropriated program funds for the pilot program. Requires that between 10 and 50 percent of grant funds come from private sources. Sets the grant amount at between $2,500 and $6,800 per child per year, not to exceed $10 million for the entire program during a fiscal year. Specifies that grants from the pilot do not effect a family's eligibility and qualification for any K-12 school vouchers. Requires an annual report of the program to the Governor and legislature. Creates a Prekindergarten and Early Learning Study Commission to study the feasibility using the federal CCDF, Head Start or other federal grants to fund prekindergarten and early learning in the state. Requires the Commission to examine how other states are ensuring rigorous accountability standards for early learning programs, engaging and educating parents to support their children's early education, studying the economic benefits of early learning, examining effective early education governance models, and identifying opportunities to establish an investment fund to finance early education in Indiana. Requires the Commission to submit a report before November 2015.
- Louisiana H 249 (Rep. Price): Enacts the Improving Access to Child Care for Homeless Louisiana Families Act to help homeless families access quality child care and to reduce the incidence of developmental delays and physical and mental health problems among homeless children. Requires the State Department of Children and Family Services to include homeless families and children in its federal Child Care and Development Fund application and request for funding, prioritize homeless families and children in the state child care assistance process, temporarily waive work and school requirements (up to 180 days) for families who actively participate in approved employment or transitional living activities, provide a grace period for homeless families to submit paperwork for child care assistance, and coordinate with other state agencies to improve access to information to homeless parents seeking child care and transportation assistance.
- Utah H 96 (Rep. Hughes): Creates the School Readiness Initiative, a dedicated funding stream (School Readiness Restricted Account), and a School Readiness Board to oversee performance-based contracts with private investors. Outlines components of school readiness programs that would be eligible for funding under these contracts, including home-based technology programs. Requires the State Board of Education and the Department of Workforce Services to solicit proposals from early childhood education programs, make recommendations to award grants to qualifying programs, and monitor and evaluate programs. Appropriates $3 million to the restricted account that will be used to repay private investors, on condition that the program meets performance outcomes such as third grade reading proficiency and decreased special education in at-risk students. Requires an independent evaluation of the program.
- Washington H 2519 (Rep. Senn): Specifies that child care services referred by the Family Assessment Response (FAR) program (child protective services) and subsidized by the state must be enrolled in the state quality rating and improvement program at level 3 or higher. Requires the state to authorize continuous, 12-month child care eligibility for families participating in FAR, regardless of any changes in family circumstance. Requires the FAR program to work with families and the Department of Early Learning to ensure access to quality early care and learning settings that meet the developmental needs of children on its caseload. Requires the Children’s Administration to collaborate with the Department of Early Learning to conduct a study on the child care and early learning needs of children in the child welfare system and report to the legislature in 2015 and 2015.
Sources: State Net, NCSL and state legislatures. 2014.