Next update scheduled for March 11,2014
The Early Care and Education database tracks and updates early care and education legislation from the 2008-2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories. Issues include child care and child care financing, early childhood services, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers, and financing early education. Legislation can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. This database, which is updated biweekly, is made possible by the generous support of the Alliance for Early Success.
2014 LEGISLATIVE SESSION – EARLY CARE & EDUCATION STATE LEGISLATION
As of March 2014, legislatures in 41 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are in session. Louisiana and North Carolina will convene on March 10 and May 14, respectively. New Mexico’s session ended on February 20. The following state legislatures are scheduled to adjourn in March: Arkansas, Indiana, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington and Wyoming. The full 2014 legislative calendar for all states and the territories, including targeted adjournment dates, are available HERE.
For the most up-to-date status and description of early care and education legislation from the 2008 to 2014 legislative sessions for 50 states and the territories, scroll down to search the NCSL Early Care and Education Database, updated every 2 weeks starting on January 14, 2014. To read about the 2013 legislative session and 174 enacted laws on early care and education in 38 states and Puerto Rico, see the full 2013 State Legislative Action on Early Care and Education report.
Notes about the Database:
- The 2014 database includes approximately 300 carryover bills from the 2013 session from 26 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. To ensure the bill status reflects the appropriate year, please check the “Date of Last Action” field.
- The following terms may be inserted in the “Keyword” search field to identify bills in early literacy development, brain science/research/development, social and emotional development, and kindergarten entry/readiness assessments.
- “early literacy”
- “brain develop”
- “social emotional develop”
- “kindergarten read”
So far in 2014[i], lawmakers in 45 states have introduced more than 450 bills on various early care and education state policy issues, including the following:
Selected Bills of Note (as introduced):
- Idaho HB 586 (House Education Committee): Establishes a voluntary, 3-year pre-K pilot program in five selected schools. Encourages parents to participate in the program through voluntary home visits, classroom visits and observations, meetings with teachers and school staff, and review of a parent orientation kit that includes suggestions for family involvement and books to read to children. Requires the pilot program to obtain private funds (at least 55 percent of the total cost) as a condition for receiving matching state funds. Requires the state to collect and enter pilot program students’ information into the state longitudinal data system to determine the efficacy of program in preparing students for kindergarten and the later grades.
- Indiana SB 158 (Sen. Kenley): Provides a property tax exemption for child care providers who participate in the state early education evaluation program and have a star ranking of at least 3 or 4 in the Paths to QUALITY (QRIS) program.
- Connecticut SB 340 (Joint Committee on Appropriations): Requires the Office of Early Childhood to establish a two-generational plan to address intergenerational barriers to school and workforce readiness of families. Requires the Office to provide recommendations to the General Assembly to promote high-quality preschool, provide parents with opportunities to achieve high school graduation, adult education or technical skills; and provide funding mechanisms (through TANF, other federal, state and private sources) to implement the program.
- New Hampshire HB 1146 (Rep. Gile): Establishes a committee to study the feasibility of a kindergarten to college/career-ready program through reviews of existing programs in San Francisco, Ohio, Nevada and Washington, and exploration of public-private partnership opportunities with the state banking industry.
- South Carolina HB 4749 (Rep. Bingham): Requires the State Board of Education to propose a statewide early literacy, diagnostic and assessment tool for students in state-funded kindergarten programs and students otherwise expected to enter kindergarten in the 2014-15 school year. Requires the state to administer the assessment until a comprehensive kindergarten entry assessment is developed and implemented.
- Virginia HB 1047 (Del. Peace): Establishes a Working Families Child Care Tax Credit for families who enroll their children in a state-approved QRIS child care facility and whose incomes do not exceed $65,000 for a single parent.
[i] Include bills recently introduced by year-round state legislatures and states with biennial sessions. Bill summaries are current as of date of introduction and may not include provisions added, removed or amended during subsequent legislative stages. For questions, comments, additions or corrections, please contact Phuonglan.Nguyen@ncsl.org or 303-856-1582.