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Public Health and Prevention

Public Health and Prevention

public health topics

ALTERNATIVE NICOTINE PRODUCTS

Electronic cigarette photoNCSL reports on actions to regulate the sale and use of electronic vaporizing products or e-cigarettes. Several states have prohibited the sale of electronic cigarettes or vaping/alternative tobacco products to minors.

 


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SCHOOL IMMUNIZATION EXEMPTIONS

Photo of a nurseAll 50 states have legislation requiring specified vaccines for students.  Although exemptions vary from state to state, all school immunization laws grant exemptions to children for medical reasons. Almost all states grant religious exemptions for people who have religious beliefs against immunizations, and at least 20 states allow philosophical exemptions.

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OVERVIEW | PUBLIC HEALTH AND PREVENTION

Public health is the science and systems designed to protect and improve health at the community and population level. It includes efforts to improve health by preventing disease and promoting healthy behaviors. These efforts include initiatives to educate the public about healthier choices, facilitating healthier lifestyles through community supports, preventing outbreaks and the spread of infectious diseases, and ensuring safe food and water in communities. NCSL resources on this topic address emergency preparedness, health promotion and disease prevention, injury prevention, wellness, nutrition, physical activity and fitness, school health, oral and dental health, vaccines and immunizations, smoke-free environments and discouraging tobacco use.

STANDING COMMITTEE

HHS releases new guidance and FAQs for state policymakers on a number of health reform implementation issues.

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BILL TRACKING

Traumatic Brain Injury Legislation.  Many states aim to effectively prevent and diagnose cases of TBI, and to respond and rehabilitate TBI patients. Between 2009 and 2012, at least 41 states passed laws to address traumatic brain injury.

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