State legislatures throughout the country are actively exploring policy options to address the more than 26 million Americans currently living with diabetes. States fund prevention, education and self-management programs in various ways, often consisting of federal and state dollars, and through state Medicaid programs. Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S. and costs the nation $58 billion on average in any given year. The cost to treat an individual with diabetes is more than 200 percent higher than the cost to treat a non-diabetic. Furthermore, if current trends continue, one of every two minority children born after the year 2000 will develop diabetes in their lifetime, and in 2050 one of every three Americans will have diabetes.