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Diseases and Conditions

Diseases and Conditions

Diseases and conditions main page

SCHOOL IMMUNIZATION EXEMPTIONS

Photo of a nurseAll 50 states have legislation requiring specified vaccines for students.  Although exemptions vary from state to state, all school immunization laws grant exemptions to children for medical reasons. Almost all states grant religious exemptions for people who have religious beliefs against immunizations, and at least 20 states allow philosophical exemptions.

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INDOOR TANNING RESTRICTIONS

State tanning laws vary from state to state with a variety of indoor tanning restrictions in place to protect the public.

 

 

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OVERVIEW | DISEASES AND CONDITIONS

In the United States, the diseases and conditions that currently take the largest toll in death, illness, and disability are chronic diseases—such as cancer, heart disease and stroke, and diabetes. Each year, more than 1.7 million Americans die from a chronic disease—seven out of every 10 deaths. In addition, chronic diseases cause disability or major limitations in activity for more than one of every 10 Americans, or 25 million people. Chronic diseases also are costly to states, yet they are among the most preventable of health problems. Overview resources for chronic diseases, disease management, disabilities and infectious diseases also are provided.

STANDING COMMITTEE

HHS releases new guidance and FAQs for state policymakers on a number of health reform implementation issues.

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HPV VACCINE STATE LEGISLATION

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HPV infects approximately 20 million people in the United States with 6.2 million new cases each year.  There is no treatment for HPV, only treatment for related health problems.  There are more than 30 strains of HPV that affect at least half of sexually active people in their lifetime.  Most strains of HPV do not produce any symptoms and disappear on their own.

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  • Reversing the Trend in Childhood Obesity

    Legislatures are increasingly interested in passing laws to promote healthy communities and reduce or prevent childhood obesity. Laws passed in 2010 are summarized in 17 topic areas.

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