StateVote 2014: Election Results

11/19/2014

State Vote 2014Scroll down to see maps that show post-election and pre-election partisan control for state legislatures.

Before the election, Republicans controlled 57 legislative chambers and Democrats controlled 41. After the election, Republicans control 68 legislative chambers and Democrats control 30.

A thorough analysis of the results from NCSL's legislative elections expert, Tim Storey, follows below the maps.  

 

 

Legislative Partisan Composition 2014 | Post-Election

Go to our interactive map to see the party control in each chamber.

 

Legislative Partisan Composition 2014 | Pre-Election

After-Election Analysis

After double-checking partisan composition numbers in the more than 6,000 legislative races this year, the extent of Republican success in legislative and governor’s elections is mostly clear. Suffice it to say, it was a banner election for the GOP.

 

Only the Alaska governor is still undecided and will not be settled until absentee ballots are collected and tabulated. And, of course, all of the results are preliminary pending certification and recounts.

Republicans ran the table, taking the majority in 11 legislative chambers previously held by Democrats. Those chambers were:

  • Colorado Senate 
  • Maine Senate
  • Minnesota House
  • Nevada Assembly
  • Nevada Senate
  • New Hampshire House
  • New York Senate
  • New Mexico House
  • Washington Senate
  • West Virginia House
  • West Virginia Senate (after Democratic Senator Daniel Hall switched his party affiliation to Republican)

For governors, Republicans netted three after switching seats in Arkansas, Illinois, Maryland and Massachusetts. Democrat Tom Wolf won a governorship in Pennsylvania that had been held by a Republican.

Factoring in all of those changes, here are the bottom line numbers (the Nebraska unicameral Legislature is nonpartisan):

  • Legislatures: 30 R, 11 D and 8 split
  • Chambers: 68 R, 30 D
  • Governors: 31 R, 18 D and 1 undecided (Alaska)
  • State governments: 23 R, 7 D, 18 divided and 1 undecided (Alaska)

It appears that Republicans will have a net gain of between 300 and 350 seats and control over 4,100 of the nation’s 7,383 legislative seats. That is their highest number of legislators since 1920. Republicans gained seats in every region of the country and in all but about a dozen legislative chambers that were up this year.

Remarkably, given the Republican wave that swept across the nation, Republicans emerged from the election controlling exactly the same number of state governments as they controlled before the election--23. Democrats lost many chambers and governors, but most of those states now have divided state government. Alaska could still stay Republican if incumbent governor Sean Parnell pulls out a victory. He currently trails his challenger by more than 3,000 votes. The sharp increase in divided state governments could lead to gridlock. Legislators and governors, however, are more likely to seek compromise especially when it involves the budget since all states but one must pass balanced budgets every year.

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