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School Finance

School Finance

FUNDING EDUCATION

dollar billsSchools in the U.S. receive funding from federal, state and local sources. Each state employs a unique combination of funding formulas and revenue generators, and federal funding varies from state to state. NCSL tracks enacted education finance legislation, stays up-to-date on the latest education finance research, and provides customized policy research to states.

STATE ROLE IN FUNDING EDUCATION

Education is uniformly and widely recognized as the responsibility of state government. States have unique systems for providing education to their citizens, ruled by their individualized constitutions, statute and regulations. NCSL provides legislative and statutory research on state roles in funding education, and maintains up-to-date resources on policy and funding practices.

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EDUCATION FINANCE LITIGATION

columnsThe 1973 U.S. Supreme Court case San Antonio School District v. Rodriguez effectively removed the constitutional burden for providing public education away from the federal government and placed it squarely on the states. NCSL tracks education finance litigation across all 50 states, and keeps up-to-date on the latest education finance litigation research.

 

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TRENDS IN EDUCATION FUNDING

databaseAll 50 states employ funding systems with various formulas, revenue generators, and levels of federal funding. NCSL works to find more accurate means of comparing state-by-state education funding and to analyze up-to-date data on education funding from across the states.

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OVERVIEW | SCHOOL FINANCE

The U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) reported that elementary and secondary institutions spent $607 billion in total revenue in 2010-2011. How states and the federal government work to fund education in the U.S. is complex and varied, and is an essential part of most education policy. NCSL tracks education funding legislation, litigation and research, and provides customized assistance to states on these topics.

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