In 2010, California’s Legislature approved AB 1871, which established an initial regulatory framework for car sharing in the state, effective January 2011. Provisions included various requirements that companies, vehicle owners and drivers must satisfy before operating and using a car sharing platform, such as consumer disclosure, licensing and insurance liability. More specifically, new insurance coverage was permitted to be issued for claims related to personal injury, collision and property damage. Additionally, outlined processes to initiate claims, judgment and recovery.
In 2019, Colorado’s General Assembly approved SB 90, which defined, authorized, and enabled car sharing services in the state, effective January 2020. Provisions included new requirements for consumer disclosure, driver’s license verification, car sharing equipment and concession agreements needed to operate car sharing services at airports. Moreover, new insurance requirements were outlined, as well as processes related to liability, disputes and authorized insurance providers.
In 2019, Indiana’s General Assembly approved HB 1362, which authorized and established P2P car sharing in the state, effective January 2020. This legislation set forth requirements for companies, vehicle owners and drivers. Provisions included insurance, liability and various terms and conditions of a car sharing agreement between a company and vehicle owner. Additionally, prohibited cities and counties from enacting and enforcing car sharing regulations, although this does not apply to airport authorities and commissions.
In 2019, Maine’s Legislature approved LD 1615, which enacted a regulatory framework for P2P car sharing in the state, effective September 2019. Provisions included insurance, liability and enforcement, as well as approvals needed from the state before allowing insurance companies to issue new policies. Additionally, it empowered the state to investigate compliance and non-compliance, assess civil penalties and hold hearings from aggrieved parties regarding state enforcement actions.
In 2018, Maryland’s Legislature approved SB 743, which enacted a regulatory framework for P2P car sharing in the state, effective July 2018. Provisions included insurance, driver and vehicle inspections, as well as applicable sales tax rates for various charges made in connection with short-term rentals and car sharing. Sales tax provisions sunset June 30, 2020. The Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration and the Office of the Comptroller shall identify and compile information that could assist the General Assembly in determining fair and equitable state taxation on sales and charges made in connection with a shared motor vehicle used for peer–to–peer car sharing. Provisions also included consumer disclosure, authorized insurance providers and reporting requirements, such as odometer miles, vehicle age and inspection dates, needed before a vehicle can operate on a car sharing platform.
In 2019, Ohio’s General Assembly approved HB 166, which enacted a regulatory framework for P2P car sharing in the state, effective January 2020. Provisions included insurance, liability, consumer disclosure, car sharing equipment and various other requirements, including that a car sharing company must verify that a vehicle does not have any pending safety recalls and, if it does, to notify the owner that the vehicle cannot operate on its platform until its repaired. A public-use airport may adopt reasonable standards, regulations, procedures, and fees for peer-to-peer car sharing programs and may enter into concession agreements with a peer-to-peer car sharing program. Additionally, outlined information that must be collected and provided, such as the name and address of an owner, driver’s license number and state of issuance and verification the vehicle is legally registered, before a car sharing company may enter into an agreement.
In 2011, Oregon’s Legislative Assembly approved HB 3149, which enacted a regulatory framework for P2P car sharing in the state, effective January 2012. Provisions included insurance, liability and electronic records. Additionally, established standards for car sharing companies, such as verifying a vehicle is a private, not a commercial, vehicle, installing hardware, software and other equipment, indemnifying an owner for the cost of damage or theft of any equipment and not knowingly permitting a carshare to be used as a commercial vehicle on its platform.
In 2012, Washington’s Legislature approved HB 2384, which enacted a regulatory framework for P2P car sharing in the state, effective June 2012. Provisions included insurance, liability and consumer disclosure. Additionally, established standards for car sharing companies, such as verifying vehicle records, notifying owners about vehicle use, including initial and final locations, along with total miles driven and stipulating that a carshare company must assume all liability of an owner and is also considered the owner for all purposes when a vehicle is being used on its platform.
In 2019, West Virginia’s Legislature approved HCR 108, which directed the Joint Committee on Government and Finance (Committee) to study the feasibility and propriety of authorizing and regulating P2P car sharing in the state. The Committee will also study issues related to insurance, liability, and the potential regulation of such transactions. By the first day of the regular session in 2020, the Committee must submit a report with its findings and conclusions, as well as drafts of any legislation needed to effectuate the report’s recommendations.