Daylight Saving Time | State Legislation

11/15/2019

Sun dial in City Park, Denver, CO.

March to November

The daylight saving time (DST) period in the U.S. begins each year on the second Sunday in March, when clocks are set forward by 1 hour. They are turned back again to standard time on the first Sunday in November as DST ends.

Background

The U.S. had daylight saving time (DST) as early as 1918, with the current federal policy being enacted in 1966, as the Uniform Time Act. Several changes occurred along the way, mostly changing the dates of starting and ceasing DST. The current enactment was part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The U.S. Department of Transportation is the federal agency responsible for overseeing DST and the country’s time zones. All states but Hawaii and Arizona (except for the Navajo Nation) observe DST. The territories of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands also do not observe DST. Federal law allows a state to exempt itself from observing daylight saving time, upon action by the state legislature to do so but does not allow the permanent observance of DST.

The policy debate has many angles. Originally enacted as a way to save energy by giving more daylight in the evening hours, some studies have called into question the degree of energy savings. Other studies have shown negative impacts on people’s health and circadian rhythms because of time changes as well as a higher number of car crashes and workplace injuries in the days after a time change. The U.S. Department of Transportation website states that DST saves energy, saves lives and prevents traffic injuries and it reduces crime since people tend to be out and about more in daylight hours as opposed to the night when most crimes are committed.

It would seem that a primary complaint of those seeking a change from the current situation is the act of time switching itself, and the problems that it creates. Opinions are mixed on the benefits of daylight time versus standard time, but the actual March and November time changes are almost universally reviled because of  all the accompanying adjustments that all of us make, like coming home from work in the dark and the slower-than-expected resetting of our internal time clocks. State legislatures have been active in bill introductions over the last several years that would place the state on either side of the issue, either staying on standard time permanently or making permanent day saving time. Since 2015, more than 200 bills and resolutions have been introduced in virtually every state to either stay on standard time or convert to full-time DST.

Until 2018, none of the hundreds of bills under consideration passed. However, in 2018, California and Florida voted to make DST permanent and in 2019, an additional six states passed legislation to place the state on year-round DST, if so authorized by Congress. Utah passed a resolution urging Congress to authorize year-round DST in a resolution but did not commit the state to do so.

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2019 State Legislation

Daylight Saving Time 2019 State Legislation
State Bill Number Status Summary
Alaska HB 43 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time. Petitions the U.S. Department of Transportation to “initiate proceedings under the Uniform Time Act of 1966 to hold hearings on the issue of changing the boundaries of the time zones in which Alaska is located or placing all or part of the state within the Pacific Standard Time Zone.” 
HB 173 Failed Puts certain provisions in place in the event that federal law is amended to allow the state to observe daylight saving time throughout the calendar year.
Alabama HB 172 Failed Provides that Alabama would observe daylight saving time year-round upon an act by Congress to amend the existing prohibition in federal law.
Arkansas HB 1368 Failed Adopts year-round standard time and eliminates daylight saving time.
HR 1034 Adopted Expresses the will of the state to adjust the state’s time to preserve sunshine. Requests that the federal government allow states the ability to spring forward and maintain that time permanently.
California AB 7 Pending Sets California’s standard time to year-round daylight saving time after the federal government authorizes the state to do so. 
Colorado HB 1074 Failed  Exempts the state from daylight saving time. 
Connecticut HB 5043 Failed Provides for the state to adopt Atlantic standard time upon the enactment of legislation in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York adopting said time and federal approval of such change.
Delaware SB 73 Enacted Provides for Delaware to permanently remain on daylight saving time. To do so, the bill requires the governor to request that the U.S. secretary of transportation place Delaware in the Atlantic standard time zone if Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland each do the same. The bill would then exclude Delaware from daylight saving time, resulting in the state permanently remaining 1 hour ahead of eastern standard time.
Georgia HB 630 Pending Provides the state will observe daylight savings time year-round.
HB 628 Pending Provides the state will at all times observe the standard time of the United States.
HB 709 Pending Provides for the holding of a nonbinding, advisory referendum election to determine whether the qualified electors of the state of Georgia desire to continue the advancement of time from standard time to daylight saving time or to observe standard time or daylight saving time year-round.
Iowa HB 71 Pending Establishes daylight saving time as the official time in this state throughout the year.
Idaho HB 85 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
HB 123 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
Illinois HB 3821 Pending Provides the state is exempt from the provisions of the federal Uniform Time Act that establish daylight saving time.
HB 3837 Pending Provides daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the entire state.
Indiana SB 542 Failed Requires the governor to petition the U.S. Department of Transportation to initiate proceedings under the Uniform Time Act of 1966 to locate all of Indiana in the Central Time Zone.
Kansas HB 2008 Pending Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
Maine HP 126 Failed Creates an exemption to federal provisions regarding the observation of eastern daylight saving time in the state and requires the secretary of state to request that the U.S. secretary of transportation place the state in the Atlantic Time Zone.

HP 659 (LD 885)

Enacted Requires the state to observe Eastern Daylight Saving Time year-round if Congress authorizes states to do so and if all states in Eastern time zone and DC observe Eastern Daylight Time year-round. 
Massachusetts SB 1870 Pending Provides for the state to moves to Atlantic Standard Time and exempt itself from the change to daylight saving time pursuant to the exemption provisions of the federal Uniform Time Act of 1966. Only takes effect when New Hampshire, Maine, and Rhode Island have enacted an agreement adopting Atlantic Standard Time.
Michigan HB 4303 Pending Eliminates daylight saving time.
Minnesota SB 475 Pending Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
SB 1416/HB 1397 Pending Provides for daylight saving time year-round.
SR 2896 Pending Urges Congress to pass the Sunshine Protection Act.
Mississippi HCR 24 Failed Urges Congress to enact legislation allowing individual states to establish daylight saving time as the standard time throughout the calendar year.
HB 1548 Failed Provides that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the state if federal law is amended to authorize states to observe daylight saving time year-round.
SB 2004 Failed Provides legislative intent that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the entire state.
SB 2009 Failed Provides legislative intent that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the entire state.
HB 644 Failed Provides that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the state if federal law is amended to authorize states to observe daylight saving time year-round.
HB 678 Failed Provides that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the state if federal law is amended to authorize states to observe daylight saving time year-round.
HB 99 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
HB 380 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
SCR 630 Failed Provides legislative intent that daylight saving time shall be the year-round standard time of the entire state.
Missouri HB 871 Failed Requires the state to observe daylight saving time as the year-round standard time.
HJR 39 Failed Proposes a constitutional amendment that establishes daylight saving time as new standard time.
Montana SB 153 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time, effective upon approval by the electorate.
HB 430 Failed Provides a referendum to create Montana Daylight Time, coordinated universal time offset by six hours throughout the year.
New Hampshire HB 567 Failed Provides that the state will use Atlantic Standard Time throughout the calendar year if Massachusetts and Maine also move to Atlantic Standard Time.
New Jersey SB 3781 Pending Establishes permanent daylight saving time in the state by remaining on Eastern Daylight Time year-round.
New Mexico HB 73 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
SB 226 Failed Exempts the state from the reversion to standard time from daylight saving time when that federal law is amended to authorize a state to exempt itself from reverting to standard time.
New York AB 1690/SB 3928 Pending Establishes the task force on daylight saving time to study the effects of the state opting out of daylight saving time.
AB 6622 Pending Eliminates daylight saving time.
North Carolina HB 350 Pending Provides that, if authorized by Congress, the state will observe daylight saving time at all times throughout the year.
North Dakota HB 1486 Failed Relates to designating central standard time as the official standard time for North Dakota.
Ohio SB 119 Pending Exempts Ohio from daylight saving time.
Oklahoma  HB 1117 Pending Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
Oregon SB 320 Enacted Abolishes the annual change in time from standard time to daylight saving time and maintains Oregon on daylight saving time. Refers act to people for their approval or rejection at next regular general election.
SB 464 Failed Abolishes daylight saving time.
SJM 6 Adopted Urges Congress to allow states to maintain themselves on daylight saving time.
Pennsylvania HB 825/SB 774 Pending Declares that the sole and uniform legal standard of time throughout the commonwealth is eastern standard time and that daylight saving time will not be used as a standard of time.
HB 1462 Pending Observes daylight saving time year-around if authorized by Congress.
SR 179 Pending Petitions Congress to extend daylight saving time throughout the year across the country.
Rhode Island HB 5649 Failed Provides for the state's adoption of the Atlantic Time Zone, if and when Massachusetts does so.
South Carolina HB 3018 Pending Memorializes Congress to authorize states to observe daylight saving time year-round.
HB 3246 Pending Provides that the time known as eastern standard time is advanced by one hour beginning at 2 a.m. on the second Sunday of a specified date, and beginning on this date and time and thereafter permanently becomes standard time in the state with no further adjustments under state or federal law.
HB 3335/SB 11 Pending Provides that the General Assembly intends for daylight saving time to be the year-round standard time of the entire state should Congress amend certain related federal law to allow states to observe daylight saving time year-round.
Tennessee HB 247 Enacted Establishes the daylight saving time as the standard time in the state, subject to authorization to do so from Congress.
Texas HB 49/SB 190 Failed Exempts the state from daylight saving time.
SJR 59/HJR 135 Failed Proposes a constitutional amendment abolishing daylight saving time in the state.
HB 3784 Failed Relates to authorizing a statewide referendum allowing voters to indicate a preference for exempting the state from daylight saving time or observing daylight saving time year-round.
HJR 117 Failed Proposes a constitutional amendment authorizing a statewide referendum allowing voters to indicate a preference for exempting this state from daylight saving time or observing daylight saving time year-round.
Utah HB 66 Failed Provides for the state to remain on mountain daylight time year-round.
HJR 15 Adopted Urges Congress to pass the Daylight Act (HR 1601), which allows states to observe daylight savings time for the duration of the year. 
Vermont  HB 10 Pending Relates to the establishment of year-round U.S. Eastern Daylight Saving Time.
Virginia HJR 588 Failed Requests the secretary of commerce and trade to study the effects of the commonwealth's continued observance of daylight saving time under the Uniform Time Act of 1966 and the potential consequences of a decision to use either standard time or daylight saving time year-round in the commonwealth.
Washington SB 5140 Pending Provides that if Congress amends the law to authorize states to observe daylight saving time year-round, it is the intent of the legislature that daylight saving time be the year-round standard time of the entire state. Requires a review of the impacts the state time zone and daylight saving time have on commerce. 
SB 5139 Pending Makes daylight saving time the standard time for the state year-round.
HB 1196 Enacted Provides that the state and all of its political subdivisions will follow Pacific Daylight Time throughout the year, if federal law changes to allow the state to do so. 
SB 5250 Pending Concerns permanent daylight saving time in the state.
West Virginia SB 486 Failed Makes daylight saving time official year-round.
SR 39 Failed Urges Congress to allow states to move to permanent daylight saving time.
Wyoming HB 14 Failed Requires submittal of an application for the state to transfer time zones as specified. Establishes a new uniform state time.
40 states 79 bills