ARPA State Fiscal Recovery Fund Allocations

7/30/2021

President Joe Biden signed the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan (ARPA) Act, the latest federal stimulus bill to aid public health and economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic on March 11. The plan included $350 billion in emergency funding for state, local and territorial and tribal governments, known as the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds.

State governments and the District of Columbia will receive $195.3 billion of the state portion of the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund (SLFRF) over two tranche disbursements. States must obligate the CSFRF dollars by Dec. 31, 2024, and spend by Dec. 31, 2026.

To illustrate the ways states are utilizing their Fiscal Recovery Fund allocations, NCSL created a database detailing state actions. This database provides up-to-date, real-time information in the 50 states, updated daily.

Using NCSL's Power BI database, you can search actions by state, category, and authority. The second tab of the database provides a breakdown of the estimated federal disbursements to states. Information on the methodology of collection practices and categorical definitions is provided below the database.

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Updated regularly

Additions or corrections: This is a working document. Please contact Emily Maher if you know of any additional information that should be reflected in the database or any errors that should be corrected.

Methodology

The information is this database was collected through legislation and executive orders. Where appropriate, press releases and media articles were used to supplement details on the specific use of funds. This database does not include proposals. 

Below is an explanation of the filter Authority.

Authority

Spending authority over the CSFRF varies by state. Authority is largely determined by each state’s interpretation of its constitutional and statutory provisions that outline authority over unanticipated federal funds, authority to spend during a state of emergency and some laws supersede others.

In this database, “Authority” refers to the entity that allocates funds (i.e., legislation or executive order).

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Below are definitions of allocation “Categories”.

Access to Justice

Expand or backfill court operations, grants to justice programs.

Arts, Culture and Tourism

Arts, culture and tourism support. Allocations may include support to convention centers, state marketing campaigns, libraries, museums, and performing arts centers. 

Broadband

Related to to broadband infrastructure expansion. May also include dedicated broadband funds and grant programs.

Economic Relief and Development 

Related to economic development initiatives, small business and nonprofit assistance programs.

Education

Allocations to K-12 education and higher education for educational series like distance learning, tutoring, or afterschool programs. Allocations may also be related to social, emotional, and mental health needs for students.  

General Infrastructure 

Infrastructure allocations for general government services, such as maintenance or pay-go spending for building new infrastructure, including, but not limited to, roads, environmental remediation, public safety services, and cybersecurity.

Housing

Rental and housing services, affordable housing initiatives, housing vouchers, grant programs for tenants and/or landlords, justice support for eviction and foreclosure cases.

Human Services 

Refers to allocations related to, but not limited to, food security programs, child care, and community outreach services. This category also includes economic impact payments to individuals, or other direct worker relief not included in state unemployment benefits.

Other

Includes allocations that are not captured in the other listed categories.

Public Health Response

Public health response efforts, mitigation, and prevention activities. Many include, but not limited to, vaccination programs, testing, public communication efforts, enhancement of public health data systems or capital investments in public facilities for operation needs. This category also refers to allocations for mental health services.

Revenue Replacement  

Allocations to state departments or agencies to backfill revenue losses, repayment of loans for employee costs (i.e.., salaries or benefits), other costs impact due to the pandemic.

State Operation and Administration

Refers to allocations for state operations and administration.

Unemployment Trust Fund 

Deposits into state accounts of their Unemployment Trust Fund to restore pre-pandemic balances.

Water Infrastructure  

Investments in water and sewer infrastructure. May include funding to special-purpose districts

Workforce Development 

Workforce development efforts, including but not limited to public jobs programs, combined education and job training jobs, or actions to accelerate rehiring or training such as return to work initiatives. This category also includes hazard and premium pay

Additional Resources

U.S. Department of Treasury

NCSL

The Pew Charitable Trusts

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This database is made possible through the generous support of The Pew Charitable Trusts.