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FY 2025 State Budget Status

This page tracks the status of FY 2025 state budgets as they are passed by state legislatures and signed by governors.

ARPA: Evidence-Based Investments Database

States, territories and the District of Columbia are required to submit Recovery Plan Performance Reports detailing the use of their funds. In those reports, recipients describe the projects and programs they are implementing and how evidence-based practices and program evaluation are incorporated into their plans. The information in the database was collected by reviewing Recovery Plan Performance Reports submitted to Treasury in 2022 and 2023.

Pension and Retirement Legislation Information by State

This database covers topics related to pensions and retirement, including cost-of-living adjustments, investment policies and retiree benefits. It includes all enacted legislation from April 2024 to present and is updated quarterly as legislation is identified by NCSL staff.

State Taxation of Short-Term Rentals

Discover the intricate landscape of short-term rental taxation as states consider policy reforms. Uncover the diverse approaches states employ to subject short-term rentals to property and lodging taxation, gaining insights into the evolving regulatory frameworks shaping this dynamic sector.

State Tax Toolkit

All states have a unique and varying reliance on different types of taxes such as sales, personal income, corporate income, property, severance taxes and more. This page provides a centralized location for a variety of state tax policy resources.

Winter 2023 State Budget Update

Despite an anticipated slowdown in revenue growth, most states remain in stable fiscal condition due to cautious budgeting and recent surpluses. These surpluses, combined with federal aid, have allowed states to build up rainy day funds and make one-time investments.

States Adapt Tax Laws as Online Sales Surge

The U.S. Supreme Court decision that gave states the power to collect sales tax from online retailers has had a huge impact on state revenues and government services. Retail e-commerce sales are estimated to grow to $8 trillion in 2027.

State Legislatures News

State Tax Reliance: The Tax Your State Depends on the Most

Since 2021, state budgets have been flush with cash due to federal relief funds distributed during the pandemic. These funds helped offset COVID-19 shutdown losses. However, as federal aid diminishes, states must now depend on their own revenue sources to sustain their budgets.