Paid Sick Leave

3/5/2020

doctor patient sick leave

Twelve states and Washington D.C. have enacted laws to require paid sick leave.

Connecticut was the first state to require private-sector employers to provide paid sick leave to their employees, with a law enacted in 2011. California became the second state to enact paid sick requirements, with the passage of the Healthy Workplace, Healthy Families Act of 2014. Massachusetts was the third state to require paid sick leave, as voters there approved the Earned Sick Time for Employees ballot measure during the 2014 general election. The Oregon Legislature enacted a law during the 2015 session, and the Vermont Legislature did so during the 2016 session.

During the 2016 general election, voters in Arizona and Washington approved ballot measures requiring employers to provide paid sick leave. The Rhode Island Legislature was the only state to pass a paid sick leave law in 2017, which will take effect in 2018. In 2018, Maryland, New Jesey and Michigan enacted paid sick leave measures. Two more states, Nevada and Maine, enacted paid sick leave laws in 2019. Nevada's paid sick leave law took effect at the start of 2020, Maine's does not take effect until 2021.

There are no federal laws that require employers to provide paid sick leave for their employees.

Paid Sick Leave Coverage and Benefits
State Covered Employers Sick Leave Accrual
Arizona Private-sector employers and local governments One hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
California Public and private employers One hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. Employers may cap total paid sick leave at six days per year.
Connecticut Employers with more than 50 employees One hour of sick leave for every 40 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
D.C. Public and private employers
  • Employers with 100-plus employees: One hour of leave for every 30 hours worked. Maximum of seven days per year.
  • Employers with 25-99 employees: One hour of leave for every 43 hours worked. Maximum of five days per year.
  • Employers with 1-24 employees: One hour of leave for every 87 hours worked. Maximum of three days per year.
Maryland Public and private employers with more than 15 employees One hour of leave for every 30 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
Massachusetts Public (not federal) and private employers with 11 or more employees One hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
Michigan Public (not federal) and private employers with 50 or more employees One hour of sick leave for every 35 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
Nevada Private employers with 50 or more employees 0.01923 hours of sick leave for each hour worked. (Approximately one hour of leave for every 52 hours worked.) Employers can limit leave to 40 hours per year.
New Jersey Public and private employers One hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
Oregon Public and private employers
  • Employers with 10-plus employees: One hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked.
  • Employers with fewer than 10 employees: One hour of unpaid leave for every 30 hours worked.
Rhode Island Public and private employers with 18 or more employees in previous years’ two highest employment quarters One hour of sick leave for every 35 hours worked. Maximum of 40 hours per year.
Vermont Public and private employers (New employers exempt until one year after hiring their first employee) One hour of sick leave for every 52 hours worked. Employers can cap leave at 40 hours per year.
Washington Public and private employers One hour of sick leave for every 40 hours worked. Employees must be allowed to carry over up to 40 hours of unused sick leave per year.

State Paid Sick Leave Laws