VOPP: Table 8: How States Verify Absentee Ballot Applications

4/29/2020

This table is part of NCSL’s Voting Outside the Polling Place report.

When election officials receive an application from a voter asking for an absentee/mailed ballot, they verify the identity and information of the voter before sending out the ballot. This is done in a variety of ways, but most commonly by verifying the applicant’s information in the statewide voter registration database. States may also conduct signature verification at this stage to compare the voter’s signature on the application with the voter registration signature. This verification step is meant to ensure that it is in fact the voter who is requesting the absentee/mailed ballot.

State How Is the Application Verified?

Alabama

Ala. Code § 17-11-5
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Alaska

Alaska Stat. § 15.20.081
None; ballot issued upon receipt of application.

Arkansas

Ark. Code § 7-5-404
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Arizona

Ariz. Rev Stat § 16-550
Signature checked against voter registration record.

California

Cal. Election Code § 3009
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Connecticut

Conn. Gen Stat § 9-140
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Delaware

15 DE Code § 5504
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

District of Columbia

D.C. Mun. Regs. Tit. 3, § 720.5
The voter’s signature on the application is considered affirmation that the information is correct.

Florida

Flor. Stat §101.62
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann., § 21-2-381
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Idaho

Idaho Code § 34-1003
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Illinois

10 ILCS 5/19-4
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Indiana

Ind. Code § 3-11-4-17.5
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Iowa

I.C.A. § 53.2
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration. An application can be rejected if it appears that the application has been signed by someone other than the registered voter. In this case, the voter must be notified and provided the opportunity to submit a new application.

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 25-1122
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Kentucky

KRS § 117.085
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Louisiana

LSA-R.S. 18:1307
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration and documentation provided by the applicant as to the reason for the request.

Maine

21-A ME Rev Stat § 753-B
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Maryland

Md. Elec Law Code §

9-306
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen L ch 54 § 91
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Michigan

Mich. Comp L § 168.761
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Minnesota

Minn. Stat § 203B.06
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. § 23-15-715
Application must be notarized. If the voter is temporarily or permanently disabled only the signature of a witness 18 years or older is required.

Missouri

Missouri Rev Stat § 115.287
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Montana

Mont. Code § 13-13-213
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. §32-947
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Nevada

Nev. Admin. Code § 293.295
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. § 657:4
Signature checked against voter registration record.

New Jersey

NJ Rev Stat § 19:63-8
Signature checked against voter registration record.

New Mexico

NM Stat § 1-6-5
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

New York

NY Election Law § 8-402(1)
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

North Carolina

NC Gen Stat § 163-230.2
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

North Dakota

ND Cent. Code 16.1-07-08
None; ballot issued upon receipt of application.

Ohio

Ohio Rev Code § 3509.04
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Oklahoma

26 OK Stat § 26-14-106
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Pennsylvania

25 PA Cons Stat § 3146.2b
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Rhode Island

Gen. Laws § 17-20-10
Signature checked against voter registration record.

South Carolina

S.C. Code § 7-15-340
The voter signs an oath as part of the application. Any person who fraudulently applies for an absentee ballot is guilty of a misdemeanor.

South Dakota

SD Codified Law § 12-19-2 et seq.
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration. Applicants are required to submit a copy of photo ID or sign and notarize an oath.

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. § 2-6-202
Signature checked against voter registration record.

Texas

Texas Elec. Code § 86.001
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Vermont

17 V.S.A. § 2533
The application is reviewed to ensure it is valid and complete.

Virginia

VA Code § 24.2-706
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

West Virginia

W. Va. § 3-3-5
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 6.87(1)
Ballot application information verified with enclosed photo identification information.

Wyoming

WY Stat § 22-9-106
Information and eligibility checked against voter registration.