VOPP: Table 6: States With Web-Based and Online Absentee Ballot Applications

4/29/2020

This table is part of NCSL’s Voting Outside the Polling Place report.

The ways in which voters may submit absentee/mailed ballot applications vary among the states. All states will permit a voter to submit an application by mail (usually via an approved form) or in person at a local election official’s office. Many states require the application or request to be in writing, either via an official application form or by written request in the mail or by email.

Some states, however, offer an electronic alternative: online or web-based portals through which a voter can request an absentee ballot. The first table below highlights the 12states that, as of May 4, 2020, NCSL is aware of that provide web-based absentee applications. The second table includes states that allow voters to download and complete an absentee ballot application and then return a signed and scanned application via email.

Depending on the state, these options may not need authorizing legislation, and can be adopted administratively.

Table 6a: States with Web-Based Absentee Ballot Applications
State Details

Delaware

 

DE ST TI 15 § 5503

Offers both a downloadable form and an online portal for requesting ballots.

Florida

 

FL ST 101.62

Online requests for vote-by-mail ballots can be made through county supervisor of elections offices. The secretary of state’s website indicates that all counties permit voters to request absentee ballots online. It is unclear if all counties are required to offer this option, or if it is up to the county whether to offer online vote-by-mail requests. Florida code (cited in left column) says supervisors must accept requests for vote-by-mail “in person or in writing,” but is silent about online requests.

Idaho

 

I.C §34-1002(7) and I.C. 28-50-102(8)

Offers both a downloadable form and an online portal for requesting ballots.

Louisiana

 

LA R.S. 18:1307(B)(1)(d)

Permits online requests for absentee ballots if the voter has a Louisiana-issued driver’s license or identification card, plus an eligible reason to request an absentee ballot.

Maine

 

ME ST T. 21-A § 753-A(6)

State law requires clerks to accept online requests for absentee ballots, and for the secretary of state to design and offer a uniform online request form. In practice, the secretary of state offers an online portal for all Maine voters; some county voter registration offices may also offer concurrent online request portals.

Maryland

 

MD ELEC LAW § 9-305

Permits online requests for vote by mail if voter has an ID (driving or otherwise) issued by the state’s Vehicle Administration. Exceptions for UOCAVA voters.

Minnesota

 

MN ST § 203B.04
Permits online requests for absentee ballots for some elections through the secretary of state’s office. Either a Minnesota driver’s license, ID card or last four digits of Social Security number required. For other elections, voters must fill out a paper application and return it to their county election office by mail, fax or email.

New Mexico

 

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 1-6-4

Permits online requests for absentee ballots. A Social Security number and either a New Mexico driver's license or ID card are required.

Oklahoma

 

OK ST 26 § 14-105

Permits online requests for absentee ballots. Both (i) an Oklahoma-issued driver’s license/ID card and (ii) the last four digits of voter’s Social Security number are required.

Pennsylvania

 

PA ST 25 P.S. § 3146.2(k)

Permits online requests for absentee ballots. Either a Pennsylvania-issued driver’s license or ID card is required.

Vermont

 

VT ST T. 17 § 2531

Permits online requests for absentee ballots through the secretary of state’s “My Voter” portal, in addition to other voter services.

Virginia

 

VA ST § 24.2-701

Permits online requests for absentee ballots through the Department of Elections’ voter portal.

 

Table 6b: States with Other Online Options for Absentee Ballot Applications
State Details

District of Columbia

 

DC Code § 1-1001.09(b)(2)

Offers an online form that must be downloaded and filled out (by hand or in fillable PDF). However, this form need not be physically mailed in. Voters may email a scan of the completed request form to a specified email address.

West Virginia

 

WV ST § 3-3-5

Offers an online form that must be downloaded and filled out (by hand or in fillable PDF). However, this form need not be physically mailed in. Voters may email a scan of the completed request form to their county clerk’s office.

Wisconsin

 

WI ST 6.86(1)(a)(6)

Offers an online form that must be downloaded and filled out (by hand or in fillable PDF). However, this form need not be physically mailed in. Voters may email a scan of the absentee ballot plus proof of photo ID to their county registrar.