According to provisional data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 107,000 Americans died from a drug overdose in the 12 months ending in January 2022. It is estimated that 80,590 of these deaths, or 75%, involved at least one opioid, primarily illicitly manufactured fentanyl or fentanyl analogs.
NCSL tracked at least 245 measures in 45 states in the last three sessions covering a variety of strategies to reduce the ill effects of opioid use and overdose, prevent opioid use, reduce risk and promote healthier living behaviors for people with opioid use disorder. At least 36 states have proposed more than 162 pieces of harm reduction-related legislation so far in 2023. Twenty-two states enacted at least 30 measures.