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Topic Descriptions

Budget/Appropriations

Significant budget and appropriations legislation related to sentencing and corrections.

Conditions of Confinement

Legislation related to administrative segregation/solitary confinement, phone calls, visitation, and related topics.

Corrections Oversight

Legislation related to the authority of oversight bodies, establishment and duties of oversight bodies, general task forces and commissions.

Fines and Fees

Legislation related to fines and fees associated with incarceration.

Jails

Legislation related to state regulation of jails. May be cross-tagged with prison topics when addressing both, including in states with unified corrections systems.

Physical and Behavioral Health Care

Legislation related to prison and jail health care, medication-assisted treatment, and mental health care.

Prison Administration

Legislation related to prison management, private prisons, contraband, closing and opening prisons, prison staffing and related topics.

Prison Programming

Legislation related to prison programming, including work, education, and other programming targeted at reentry. Includes bills addressing eligibility for program participation.

Sentencing and Criminal Penalties

Legislation related to second look sentencing, significant changes to mandatory minimums, significant criminal code revisions, three strikes and truth-in-sentencing, and trending criminal penalty enactments.

Specialized Populations

Cross-tags legislation that focus on a specific population, such as women (e.g., gender- or trauma-responsive programs), elderly people, parents, veterans and those with behavioral health needs.

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Related Resources

State Lawmakers Wade Into Third-Party Litigation Funding

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State Legislatures News

Juvenile Life Without Parole

The Supreme Court in 2012 abolished mandatory life sentences without the possibility of parole in Miller v. Alabama. 28 states had mandatory juvenile life without parole sentences that were in conflict with the Supreme Court ruling.
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