EXECUTIVE

The executive branch is responsible for implementing and administering the public policy enacted and funded by the legislative branch.

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OTHER RELATIONSHIPS

Capitol Other types of institutional relationships exist between branches of government, including impeachment of executive or judicial officials by the legislature, and relationships between the states, federal government and Native American tribes.

 

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OVERVIEW | SEPARATION OF POWERS

The term  "trias politica" or "separation of powers" was coined in the 18th century by Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu. His publication, "Spirit of the Laws," is considered one of the great works in the history of political theory and jurisprudence and under his model, the political authority of the state is divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers. Separation of powers, therefore, refers to the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another. 

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Separation of Powers

legislative chamber

LEGISLATIVE

gavelThe legislative branch of government is responsible for enacting the laws of the state and appropriating the money necessary to operate the government.

 

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JUDICIAL

scalesThe judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the constitution and laws and applying their interpretations to controversies brought before it.

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