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11:40 p.m.: Almost 2 a.m. ET and NCSL’s team is calling it a night. Not a single chamber flipped, a first since we’ve been keeping records. So far no incumbent governors have lost, so it’s a year of “steady states.”
11:35 p.m.: With the passage of Proposition 211, Arizona voters approve new limits on independent campaign expenditures.
11:33 p.m.: Republicans have retained control in Arkansas and South Dakota.
11:32: p.m.: Democrats have retained control in Connecticut, Illinois and New York.
11:30 p.m.: Incumbent Michigan governor Gretchen Whitmer (D) has retained her seat.
11:28 p.m.: West Virginia Senate Minority Leader Stephen Baldwin (D) is the first and only state legislative leader to lose so far tonight.
11:09 p.m.: Three incumbent Democratic governors, as expected, retained their seats: Kathy Hochul (New York), Janet Mills (Maine) and Ned Lamont (Connecticut).
11:04 p.m.: Wisconsin Speaker Robin Vos, a Republican and former president of NCSL, defeated two write-in candidates by nearly 3-1. His main opponent ran and lost against Vos in the primary.
11:26 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Georgia House and Senate.
11:03 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Kansas House.
11:00 p.m.: Maryland and Massachusetts legislatures continue under Democratic control, adding two states, for a total of 17, in which Democrats have full control (House, Senate and governorship) to Republicans’ 23.
10:56: Democrats have retained control of the Delaware House.
10:55 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Massachusetts House and Senate.
10:54 p.m.: North Dakotans approve term limits for legislators and governors. The last state to do so was Nebraska in 2000.
10:53 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Maryland House and Senate.
10:52 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Iowa Senate.
10:51 p.m.: Alabama voters ratify a new constitution; the last time a state did so was in Rhode Island in 1986.
10:50 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the North Carolina House and Senate.
10:45 p.m.: Right to collective bargaining leading 60-40 in Illinois.
10:43 p.m.: Democrat Josh Shapiro won the Pennsylvania governor’s race, besting Doug Mastriano in a high-profile open race.
10:40 p.m.: Tennessee voters enshrine the state’s “right to work” law in the constitution.
10:38 p.m.: Legislative absenteeism just became a big no-no in Oregon—voters approved a citizen initiative that will disqualify state legislators from re-election if they have 10 or more unexcused absences from floor sessions.
10:35 p.m.: California right to abortion winning by 3-1.
10:34 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Arkansas Senate.
10:32 p.m.: Ohio voters pass Amendment 2, requiring citizenship to vote. The measure preempts efforts to allow noncitizens to vote in local elections.
10:31 p.m.: Democratic challenger Stacey Abrams concedes to Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp in one of the most closely watched governors races this year.
10:27 p.m.: NCSL's Wendy Underhill said the election team has been monitoring the success of election administration, and it’s going well. “Election officials say what they like best is to have the results of the races on the front page and not their own stories about what happened in their office and mostly that’s been the case, with a couple of little glitches like where one county ran out of ballot stock. But so far I’d say it’s a pretty smooth night for election, knock on wood.”
10:25: Iowa adds the right to bear arms to state constitution.
10:24: Republicans have maintained control of the Missouri House and Senate.
10:22 p.m.: Arkansas rejects an initiative to legalize recreational marijuana. Similar measures trail in North and South Dakota.
10:18 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Colorado House.
10:17 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Colorado Senate. This is the second chamber NCSL characterized as competitive to be called for either party. No competitive chambers thus far have changed hands.
10:15 p.m.: Nebraskans vote to require voter ID and raise minimum wage.
10:14 p.m.: Tennessee and Vermont both vote to remove language allow slavery as punishment from their constitutions.
10:12 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Wyoming House and Senate.
10:10 p.m.: Democrat Josh Green easily won the open Hawaii governor’s race. He previously served in the legislature.
10:08 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Texas House and Senate.
10:07 p.m.: Republican Jim Pillen won the open governor’s seat in Nebraska. He will work with the nation’s only unicameral, nonpartisan legislature.
9:52: Republicans have retained control of the Alabama House and Senate.
9:45: Republicans have retained control of the Idaho House and Senate.
9:41 p.m.: West Virginians reject all four ballot measures, saying no to a property tax exemption, the incorporation of churches and more.
9:40: Democrat Tim Walz will serve another term as governor of Minnesota.
9:37 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Ohio House.
9:35 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Tennessee House.
9:33 p.m.: As expected, incumbent Republican governor Mark Gordon wins in Wyoming.
9:31 p.m.: Republicans retained control of the Utah House and Senate.
9:28 p.m.: Republicans retained control of the Indiana House.
9:23 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Delaware Senate. This is the first chamber NCSL characterized as competitive to be called for either party.
9:22 p.m.: Two big states reelect their governors: incumbents Texas Republican Greg Abbott and California Democrat Gavin Newsom win new terms.
9:21 p.m.: Republicans have maintained control of the West Virginia House and Senate.
8:49 p.m.: College football playoff rankings just released: 1 Georgia; 2 Ohio State; 3 Michigan; 4 Texas Christian.
8:37 p.m.: Abortion rights winning 3-1 in Vermont.
8:33 p.m.: Marijuana legalization winning big in Maryland.
8:30 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Kentucky House.
8:26 p.m.: Washington, D.C., approves Initiative 82, which will increase the tipped minimum wage of $5.05 to match the non-tipped minimum wage by 2027.
8:24 p.m.: Democrat Phil Ensler won in the Alabama 74 House district.
8:22 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the Florida House and Senate.
7:56 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the South Carolina House.
7:49 p.m.: U.S. Virgin Islands Gov. Albert Bryan Jr. and Lt. Gov. Tregenza Roach won 55.85% of the vote in the gubernatorial race Tuesday, with a total of 11,544 votes, securing another term in office.
7:45: Incumbent governors are having a good night; Henry McMaster (R) won a new term in South Carolina, Kristi Noem wins in South Dakota, Phil Scott won in Vermont and Democrat J.D. Pritzker in Illinois.
7:44 p.m.: U.S. Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D) is projected to win reelection to Ohio’s 9th District, becoming the longest-serving female member of Congress.
7:41 p.m.: Republican Kevin Stitt reelected Oklahoma governor.
7:37 p.m.: Republicans have retained control of the South Dakota Senate.
7:32 p.m.: Democrats retain control of the Rhode Island House and Senate.
7:31 p.m.: Democrats retain control of the Rhode Island House and Senate.
7:30 p.m.: Incumbent Gov. Dan McKee (D) has won another term as Rhode Island Governor.
7:24 p.m.: Democrat Jared Polis reelected governor of Colorado.
7:23 p.m.: Incumbent Gov. Dan McKee (D) wins another term in Rhode Island.
7:19 p.m.: Republican Mike DeWine reelected Ohio's governor.
7:17 p.m.: Republicans retain retained control of the North Dakota House and Senate.
7:14 p.m.: Incumbent Kim Reynolds (R) wins reelection as Iowa's governor.
7:03 p.m.: NCSL's Wendy Underhill on what ballot issues teach us: “When voters get to make decisions about what laws they want to see put in place or what budget increases or tax decreases they’re interested in, then legislators and policymakers around the country can kind of get a sense about what voters are really thinking about. It’s one thing to go out and do polling but it’s an entirely different thing to see how people vote on things.”
6:58 p.m.: Kay Ivey wins another term as Alabama governor.
6:57 p.m.: Sarah Huckabee Sanders (R), former press secretary for President Donald Trump, is elected governor of Arkansas.
6:41 p.m.: Democrats retain control of the Massachusetts House.
6:38 p.m.: Chris Sununu (R) gets another term as governor of New Hampshire.
6:36 p.m.: Republicans retain control of Tennessee Senate.
6:34 p.m: Democrat Wes Moore will become Maryland's first Black governor, replacing outgoing Republican Larry Hogan.
6:32 p.m.: Democrat Maura Healey wins Massachusetts governor's race and is the first openly lesbian governor in the nation.
6:30 p.m.: Polls just closed in Arkansas.
6:20 p.m.: NBC has an interesting graphic on the graphics for their federal races: compares how the candidates are performing against how President Biden and Donald Trump did in their states/districts in 2020.
6:12 p.m.: Polls now closed in Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee and parts of Texas.
6:06 p.m.: Oklahoma GOP retains control of Oklahoma House and Senate.
6:05 p.m.: NCSL’s election director Wendy Underhill reminds us again that elections take time, and results won’t all come in tonight. “Tight races just take longer to call, that’s been true forever,” Underhill said on NCSL’s Facebook live election update tonight. “Each state has its own rules about ballot counting” such as when to count mail-in versus same-day ballots and that will affect the time it takes to finalize counts."
5:56 p.m.: Democrats have retained control of the Legislature of the Virgin Islands.
5:40 p.m.: Republicans retain control of the Indiana Senate.
5:34 p.m.: Republicans retain control of the Ohio Senate.
5:33 p.m.: Republicans will retain control of the Kentucky Senate.
5 p.m.: Polls have closed in Georgia, South Carolina, Indiana, Kentucky, Vermont, Virginia and parts of Florida.
4:07 p.m.: Polls have closed in parts of Indiana and Kentucky.
2:57 p.m.: Wonder how the Associated Press can call some races right as the polls close? Here's an explainer.
2:48 p.m.: Democrats will maintain control of the Guam legislature by a 9-6 margin.
2:47 p.m.: Guam Sen. James Moylan (R) has defeated Judith Won Pat (D), former speaker of the Guam Legislature, to become the territory's first Republican non-voting delegate to Congress since 1993.
1:24 p.m.: When the polls close and how long counting votes may take, by states (Washington Post).
As perhaps the most impactful, contentious and divisive midterm elections roar to a finish Tuesday, NCSL is poised to bring you a full slate of state-centric coverage.
Our elections team of Wendy Underhill, Ben Williams and Amanda Zoch will be doing live, election-night analysis as results come in at 7 p.m., 9 p.m. and 11 p.m. ET.
We’ll also run our usual election-night tally of results, with an emphasis on legislative returns, beginning late Tuesday afternoon in this space.
Aside from the 6,279 state legislators and 36 governors who will get a thumbs-up or thumbs-down from the nation’s voters, party control could shift in some chambers in the first election since redistricting.
More than 130 ballot measures seem to cover everything but the infield fly rule:
Marijuana, abortion, term limits, health care, psychedelic mushrooms, who can sell alcohol, flavored tobacco, slavery, tail, search warrants for electronic data, collective bargaining, right to work, college tuition, property taxes on homes affected by disasters, taxing high-income earners, broadband and water infrastructure, voter ID, ranked choice voting, drop boxes, early voting, sports betting, gun rights, gun control, an Equal Rights Amendment, noncitizen drivers licenses and ratifying the new Alabama Constitution.
The day after the election, our team will weigh in on trends, offer analysis and discuss what the results mean during a Facebook Live Town Hall at 1 p.m. ET.
And check back on State Legislatures News for post-election wrap-ups on ballot measures and party control.