- Title I Grants to School Districts: Requests $20.5 billion, a $2.2 billion increase over FY23 enacted level.
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
- Part B: Requests $16.8 billion, a $2.1 billion increase over FY23 enacted level.
- Part C: Requests $932 million, a $400 million increase over FY23 enacted level.
- Title II Teacher Professional Development State Grants: Requests $2.2 billion (no change compared with FY 23 enacted level).
- Title IV Student Support and Academic Enrichment (SSAE) Grants: Requests $1.4 billion, a $25 million increase over FY 23 enacted level.
- Full-Service Community Schools: Requests $368 million, a $218 million increase over FY 23 enacted level.
- School-Based Mental Health Grants: Requests $578 million.
Higher Education and Career and Technical Education (CTE)
- Career and Technical Education State Grants: Requests $1.5 billion, a $43 million increase over FY 23 enacted level.
- Federal TRIO programs: Requests $1.3 billion, a $106 million increase over FY 23 enacted level.
- Pell Grant: Requests a maximum award of $8,215, an increase of $820 over FY 23 enacted level.
Health and Human Services
SAMHSA overall budget proposal includes $10.8 billion, an increase of $3.3 billion over FY 23 levels.
Substance Use Disorder
- $10.8 billion for SAMHSA, an increase of $3.3 billion.
- $5.7 billion for prevention and treatment, an increase of $1.3 billion over FY 23 enacted level.
- $836 million to 988 suicide and crisis hotline, an increase of $334 million over FY23 enacted.
- $100 million for mobile crisis response, an increase of $80 million increase over FY23 enacted level.
- $80 million for CDC suicide reduction efforts, an increase of $50 million over FY23 enacted level.
- Mental Health Research and Treatment
- $200 million.
Cancer Moonshot Initiative
- $1.8 billion over three years.
- Runaway and Homeless Youth: $136,803 million, an increase of $13 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- Child Abuse: $257 million for prevention and support for families, an increase of $43 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- Child Welfare: $379,900 for child welfare services, research and training, an increase of $92 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- Native Americans: $87,499 for child welfare services to Native Americans, an increase of $27 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- Family Violence Prevention: $491,869 million for prevention services, an increase of $252 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- Child Care Development Block Grant: $9 billion, an increase of $978,613 million over 2023 enacted level.
- Head Start: $13 billion to increase wages, a $1.1 billion increase over FY 23 enacted level.
- Early Care and Education: $600 billion over 10 years to expand access to affordable, high-quality early education for 16 million kids and to increase provider wages.
- Preschool Development Grants 0-5: $360 million, an increase of $45 million over FY 23 enacted level.
Global Health Initiatives
- $7.1 billion for health centers that provide services to underserved populations, an increase of $1.3 billion over FY 23 enacted level.
Health Data Security
- $78 million in funding for HHS Office for Civil Rights to increase health data security, an increase of $40 million over FY 23 enacted level.
- $2.7 billion to expand workforce programs to address workforce shortages.
- $106 million for public health training and fellowship program to support a public health workforce pipeline.
- Rental Assistance: $32.7 billion to increase access to affordable rent by expanding the Housing Choice Voucher program to include 50,000 additional households (in addition to the current 2.3 million households), with focus on people who are experiencing homelessness or domestic violence.
- Youth Aging Out of Foster Care: $9 billion to establish a housing voucher program for the 20,000 youth aging out of foster care annually.
Indian Health Services
- $9.7 billion (increase of $2.5 billion over FY 2023 enacted level) to expand access to health care services, increase capacity and modernize infrastructure. Also proposes to make funding for IHS mandatory and to increase future funding to account for inflation and backlogs.
- Increases the IHS budget for mental health by $25 million.
- Home and Community Based Services: $150 billion over 10 years to strengthen HCBS for seniors and people with disabilities.
- Expansion: Would provide Medicaid-like coverage to individuals in states that have not adopted Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act and provide incentives for states that have expanded coverage to maintain it.
- Would extend Medicare trust fund solvency for 25 years by raising the Medicare tax rate on individuals with income over $400,000; closing loopholes in other Medicare taxes; authorizing Medicare to negotiate for more drugs (in addition to the drugs authorized by the Inflation Reduction Act).
Military Families and Veterans
- Caregiver Supports: Provides funding for veteran caregiver support services, including $2.4 billion in stipends and supports for family caregivers of eligible veterans.
- Rental Assistance: $13 billion to incrementally expand rental assistance for 450,000 extremely low-income veteran families.
- Community Eligibility Provision: $15 billion over 10 years to allow more states and schools to expand CEP to include 9 million more children in free school meals.
- Child Nutrition Programs: $32 billion to help meet the nutritional needs of kids.
- SNAP and WIC Programs: Fully funded to serve all projected participants, including $6.3 billion for WIC ($300 million increase level) and $122.1 billion for SNAP ($31.7 million decrease).
- Proposes limiting Medicare cost-sharing on high-value generic drugs to $2.
- Would modify the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program in the territories.
- Would authorize CMS to negotiate prices for 40 drugs, up from 20 in the Inflation Reduction Act.
- Would authorize HHS to negotiate Medicaid supplemental rebates on behalf of states.
- Would limit monthly cost-sharing for insulin to $35.
Public Health Preparedness
- Would provide over $22 billion to increase the nation’s capacity to prepare for and respond rapidly to future pandemics and other biological threats, including the development of new medical countermeasures and funding for the Strategic National Stockpile and the domestic medical supply chain.
- Child Tax Credit: Would increase the current maximum child credit from $2,000 per child to $3,600 per child under age 6 and up to $3,000 per child age 6 and up. Would also permanently make the child tax credit fully refundable.
- Enhanced Premium Tax Credits for ACA Plans: $183 billion over 10 years, making permanent the extension of these credits in the Inflation Reduction Act.
Labor and Economic Development
Department of Labor
Requests $15.1 billion in discretionary budget authority, a $1.5 billion, or 11%, increase from the FY 23 enacted level.
- Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: $3.7 billion, a $109 million increase above the FY 23 enacted level.
- Registered Apprenticeships: $335 million for apprenticeship opportunities, a $50 million increase above the FY 23 enacted level.
- Employment and Training: $4.4 billion for services related to employment and training, a $280,000 increase from the FY 23 enacted level.
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Requests $73.3 billion in discretionary budget authority, a $1.1 billion, or 1.6%, increase from the FY 23 enacted level.
- Affordable Housing Supply: $59 billion in mandatory funding and tax incentives to increase the housing supply.
- Barriers to Affordable Housing: $10 billion in mandatory funding to incentivize state, local and regional jurisdictions to remove barriers to affordable housing developments.
- HOME Investment Partnerships Program: $1.8 billion for the HOME Program, $300 million more than the FY 23 enacted level but less than the president’s request in FY 23.
- Project-Based Rental Assistance: $15.9 billion, approximately $1 billion more than the FY 23 enacted level.
- Housing Choice Vouchers: $32 billion, an increase of $2.4 billion (includes emergency funding) over the FY 23 enacted level.
United States Trade Representative
Requests $77.87 million for the Trade Representative’s Office, a $1.87 million increase above the FY 23 enacted level.
- Trade Adjustment Assistance Program: $292 million, a decrease of $174 million below the FY 23 enacted level. The budget also encourages the long-term reauthorization of TAA.
Law, Criminal Justice and Public Safety
The proposal demonstrates the president’s investment in preparing for the expected surge at the U.S.-Mexico border after the end of the COVID-19 emergency declaration in May.
- Beating the Backlog: Increases the Citizenship and Immigration Service’s budget by over 200% of the omnibus appropriations to increase its processing capacity. It also invests $1.5 billion in the Executive Office of Immigration Review to mitigate the backlog of over 1.8 million pending immigration court cases.
- Southwest Border Contingency Fund: Proposes a new contingency fund to aid the Department of Homeland Security and related immigration agencies in responding to migration surges at the border. The fund would be managed by the DHS with transfers to Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Customs and Border Patrol and CIS as necessary.
Criminal Justice Investments for Vulnerable Populations
Includes increased funding for criminal justice programs for juveniles and survivors of domestic and sexual violence.
- Addressing Domestic and Sexual Violence: Includes an increase for Violence Against Women Act programs totaling $1 billion, $300,000 more than the appropriation for FY 23. The budget also includes $519 million for the Family Violence Prevention and Services program and the National Domestic Violence Hotline to support domestic violence survivors, double the FY 23 enacted level.
- Preventing Youth Delinquency: Increases the fund for the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, nearly doubling the FY 23 enacted level and totaling $760,000.
Natural Resources and Infrastructure
Requests $32.6 billion in discretionary budget authority for 2024, a 15% increase from the FY 2023 enacted level. Resources provided through the 2024 budget complement the investments in conservation, forest management and broadband deployment provided in both the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and Inflation Reduction Act.
- Animal and Plant Health: $2.12 billion for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to support animal health and increase safeguards against invasive pests and diseases.
- $397 million would support animal health and establish an official Swine Health Improvement Plan program.
- $408 million would support plant health; the amount does not include funding for the light brown apple month or the apple snail.
- Conservation: $1.2 billion, $208 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, for voluntary land conservation via the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
- Cover Crops: The budget would make the USDA’s crop insurance Pandemic Cover Crop Program permanent, renaming it the Cover Crop Incentive Program; the cost would be $950 million over 10 years, offering a $5-per-acre incentive for farmers to use cover crops to improve climate resilience.
- Farm Service Agency and Loans: Proposes broadening the agency’s lending programs to make it “the lender of first opportunity.” The proposal suggests increasing the limit for microloans to $100,000 and reducing the farming experience required for direct farm ownership loans from three years to one.
- Respond to Market Demands and Strengthen Oversight:
- $1.3 billion to the Food Safety and Inspection Service, $102 million above FY 2023 levels, to hire more inspectors.
- $262 million for the Foreign Ag Service to reduce trade barriers for U.S. agriculture exports and open new markets.
- Continued support for the Food Supply Chain Guaranteed Loan Program, aimed at financing food systems projects, specifically for the start-up or expansion of activities in the middle of the food supply chain to improve resiliency.
- Research and Development: $4 billion, $299 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, for agricultural research, education and outreach.
Disaster Mitigation and Resilience
Requests significant investments for disaster mitigation and resilience programs across a multitude of federal agencies, many of which complement funding provided in the infrastructure law and the IRA. An estimated $23 billion would be provided for climate resilience across the Departments of the Interior, Agriculture, Homeland Security, and Defense.
- Climate Resilience Programs: $4 billion via the Federal Emergency Management Agency, $140 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, including:
- $175 million for flood mitigation grants, and $500 million for flood hazard mapping.
- $323 million for the implementation of the USDA’s Wildfire Crisis Strategy to mitigate wildfire risk on 4.2 million acres in high-priority and high-risk areas.
- $314 million via the Department of the Interior to reduce the risk and severity of wildfires through fuels management and restoration of lands.
- Flooding: $1 billion for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to address coastal and inland flood risk.
Requests $52 billion in discretionary budget authority for 2024, a $6.2 billion increase from FY 2023 enacted levels, including the $2.1 billion rescission of Strategic Petroleum Reserve balances enacted in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2023.
- Climate and Clean Energy Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment: $11.9 billion, 20% more than FY 2023 enacted levels.
- Cybersecurity: $245 million to strengthen the cybersecurity and resilience of the energy sector, including increased assistance to states, local governments, tribes and territories for emergency planning and preparation.
- Energy Transition Communities: $905 million for the Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management to provide economic revitalization opportunities in energy communities.
Energy Efficiency and Low-Income Assistance
- Low Income Home Energy Assistance: $4.1 billion, a $111 million increase from FY 2023, for LIHEAP; the budget would give states the option to use a portion of their LIHEAP funds to provide water bill assistance to low-income households.
- Weatherization Assistance Program: $375 million for low-income home energy retrofits.
- Energy Burden Reduction Pilot Program: $50 million for a new pilot program via the DOE’s Office of State and Community Energy Programs to retrofit the homes of low-income residents with efficient electric appliances and systems.
Energy and Mineral Development and Recovery
- $1.67 billion for the Bureau of Land Management, $141 million over FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $123.5 million for oil and gas management, $10 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, to manage oil and gas resources on public lands.
- $72.5 million for renewable energy, $31.6 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, to build capacity and take other steps to address the growing demand for renewable energy development and associated transmission infrastructure on public lands.
- $301 million for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, $12 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $174.6 million for the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund, $6 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $30 million for the Abandoned Hardrock Mine Reclamation Program to support state, tribal and federal efforts to inventory and address legacy sites on their lands.
- $268 million for the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, $48 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $64.5 million for renewable energy activities, $21 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, to include permitting for the siting and construction of offshore wind farms and other renewable energy sources.
- $2.3 million for emerging environmental analysis to support offshore carbon sequestration.
- $1.8 billion for the U.S. Geological Service, $288.3 million above FY 2023 enacted levels. Proposed funding includes:
- $150.8 million for Energy and Mineral Resources programs, an increase of $46.5 million over FY 2023 enacted levels. Of that, $93.4 million is dedicated to the mineral resources program to support research and recovery efforts related to critical minerals.
- Grid Deployment: $107 million to support utilities and state and local governments in building a grid that is more secure, reliable and resilient.
- Payments in Lieu of Taxes: $535 million to support payments in lieu of taxes (PILT), $45 million less than FY 23 enacted levels. PILT funding is provided to communities in 49 states and territories to compensate for lost tax revenues due to federal land ownership in their jurisdictions.
- Pipeline Safety: $387.3 million for the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, of which an additional $21.5 million is provided for pipeline safety grants to increase the reimbursement rate to states to 80% for their program costs.
- Permitting: The budget would expand existing transfer authority by enabling federal agencies to transfer funds from the 2021 infrastructure law to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration fisheries for environmental planning and consultation.
Requests $12 billion in discretionary budget authority for 2024, a $1.9 billion increase from FY 2023 enacted levels, to support the EPA’s mission of “protecting human health and the environment.” The budget would provide the following:
- $1.4 billion for air quality and pollution reduction including:
- $367 million to develop and implement National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
- $180 million to support the development and implementation of national emission standards to reduce air pollution from vehicles, engines and fuels.
Clean and Drinking Water Infrastructure
- $4 billion for water infrastructure, an increase of $1 billion over FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $219 million to remediate lead contamination in drinking water in communities, schools and child care facilities, $163 million over FY 2023 levels.
- Updates the Lead Pipe Replacement Funding Inventory.
Endangered Species and Other Fish and Wildlife Programs
- $4.1 billion to fund the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, $315 million more than FY 2023 enacted levels; $2.0 billion of that is available under permanent appropriations, most of which is provided directly to states for fish and wildlife restoration and conservation.
- $384.5 million for the ecological services program to further the conservation of species listed under the Endangered Species Act and to safeguard at-risk species.
- $77 million for State and Tribal Wildlife Grants, $3 million more than FY 2023 enacted levels. The grants support state management of non-game species.
- $155 million for the Wild Horse and Burro Program, $7 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $1.8 billion across the EPA to advance equity and environmental justice in communities across the nation.
- $64.4 million to implement the American Innovation and Manufacturing Act of 2020 and continue phasing out hydrofluorocarbons.
- $135 million to the Outdoor Recreation Legacy Program for economically disadvantaged urban communities.
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances
- $170 million to address PFAS pollution, $44 million above FY 2023 levels, to continue action on the EPA’s 2021 PFAS Strategic Roadmap.
Superfund and Environmental Remediation
- $356 million for the Superfund program to clean up the nation’s most contaminated land and respond to environmental emergencies and natural disasters.
- $217 for the brownfields program to provide technical assistance and grants to communities to clean up and reuse contaminated properties.
Toxics and Chemical Safety
- $130 million, an increase of $49 million from FY 2023 enacted levels, to implement the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act.
Requests $27.8 billion in discretionary budget authority for 2024, a $1.8 billion increase from FY 2023 enacted levels. The budget also includes $80.3 billion in contract authority and obligation limitations, and $36.8 billion in emergency-designated advance budget authority, for transportation infrastructure investments in 2024. If passed, the budget would provide the following:
Aviation and Air Safety
- $16.5 billion in discretionary budget authority for the Federal Aviation Administration.
- $300 million for the Alternative Fuel and Low-Emission Aviation Technology Program.
- $3 million for aviation consumer protection activities.
Federal Highway Administration and Highway Safety
- $60.8 billion for the Federal Highway Administration, including $3.1 billion for the Highway Safety Improvement Program, which supports projects to reduce the number of traffic fatalities and protect all road users.
- $1.3 billion for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to improve motor vehicle and highway safety, $116 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $813.3 million for Highway Traffic Safety grants to states and territories to improve safety on roads.
Harbor Maintenance and Waterways
- $230 million for the Port Infrastructure Development Program with a priority on port projects that also lower emissions and reduce environmental impact in and around the country’s ports.
- Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund: $2.7 billion, including $1 billion to maintain and improve inland waterways and $1.7 billion to support commerce through U.S. ports.
- Roadway and Pedestrian Safety: $1.3 billion for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, $116 million above FY 2023 enacted levels.
- $60 million via the Active Transportation Infrastructure Investment Program, $15 million above FY 2023 enacted levels, to build safe walking and bicycling facilities.
- $1.5 billion for the Federal Railroad Administration’s Consolidated Rail Infrastructure and Safety Improvements.
- $245 million to reduce fatalities, injuries and crashes at railway-highway grade crossings via the Railway-Highway Crossing Program, and $250 million via the Federal Railroad Administration’s Railroad Crossing Elimination.
- $80.6 million for hazardous materials safety to include safety inspections of rail cars and shipments in conjunction with states and industry.
Zero-Emission Vehicle and Charging Infrastructure
The proposal includes a significant amount of funding for vehicle electrification with the majority via the DOE and DOT. Proposed funding includes:
- $1 billion for the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program to help states create a network of convenient, affordable and reliable vehicle charging stations.
- $123 million to support investments into zero-emission vehicles and charging infrastructure.
Western Water and Related Resources
Requests $1.4 billion for the Bureau of Reclamation to support a suite of water conservation, recycling and planning programs to help communities mitigate drought and climate change impacts. The funding would include:
- Dam Safety: $210 million for the Dam Safety Program, including $182.6 million for modifications.
- WaterSMART: $62.9 million for the WaterSMART program for drought response, watershed management, ecosystem restoration and more.