Wampanoag, Seneca, Cherokee, Mohawk, Apache, Navajo, Sioux, Inuit. These Indian tribes are writ large in U.S. history, but they are a fraction of the federally recognized tribes across the country: 574 are acknowledged through treaty, Acts of Congress, presidential orders or other agency or court actions. In three court cases beginning in 1823, U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall established that tribes are sovereign nations. The Navajo Nation is the largest, spanning more than 27,000 square miles in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. The smallest is a 1.32-acre cemetery belonging to the Pit River Tribe in California. November is National American Indian Heritage Month. Even in the few states with no currently recognized tribe, their history shows indigenous people from a variety of tribes once lived there.
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs