Transit-Oriented Development in the States

Transit-Oriented Development
in the States

  • Download the PDF version of the entire report
  • Introduction
  • An Increase in Demand for Transit
  • Federal Support for Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
  • State Support for Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
    • Definining TOD
    • Assembling Land for TOD
    • Zoning and Density
    • Catalyzing Investment in Existing Communities
    • Funding TOD
  • State in Focus - Utah Leveraging Investments and Increasing Ridership
  • State in Focus - Bringing TOD to Minnesota
  • New Mexico: Build Rail and TOD Will Come?
  • Solving the Last-Mile Riddle
    • Safe Routes to Transit
    • Public Bikesharing Systems
    • Public Carsharing Programs
  • Housing and TOD
  • State in Focus - Creating Affordable Housing near Transit in Massachusetts
  • Using TOD to Advance Other Policy Goals
  • State in Focus - Using TOD to Reduce Greenhouse Gases in California
  • Appendix: Selected State Transit-Oriented Development Statutes and Programs
  • Notes

NCSL Contact

Utah Transit AuthorityDecember 2012

Transit-Oriented Development in the States

Across the United States, in large cities such as Seattle and Miami and in smaller metropolitan areas such as Hartford, Conn., and Fort Collins, Colo., new transit systems are being built to aid mobility, reduce congestion and spark economic activity. In 2012 alone, more than 30 metropolitan areas were building new transit lines, and many more projects are slated to begin in the next few years. Future transit riders may find themselves stepping onto a new light rail car in Houston, boarding a streetcar in Cincinnati or hopping on bus-rapid transit in Tampa. All these systems promise to help reshape the cities they serve and bring new transportation options to citizens.

Creating new transit systems, however, is only part of the equation. Transit is much more likely to enhance the overall transportation network if a neighborhood or city’s development patterns encourage transit ridership, a strategy referred to as transit-oriented development (TOD). Policymakers, private businesses and community advocates across the country are working to build and encourage TOD near transit lines and stops. State legislatures have taken a lead role in many states to create regulatory, planning and funding frameworks to encourage such development.

This new NCSL report examines state legislative action to define TOD, plan for and fund TOD, provide “last-mile” transportation solutions to get to and from a transit stop, and a number of other states strategies to encourage TOD.

This report has been made possible by the support and vision of the Rockefeller Foundation.

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