Security and privacy issues are a growing concern, especially as the internet and new technologies have made personal information more accessible and easier to collect, access and repurpose or manipulate. NCSL tracks state legislation and laws in these areas, with a particular focus on digital or electronic privacy issues. These resources are categorized in the following way:
- Privacy: Controlling who has access to personal information. For example, laws requiring organizations to keep personal information confidential, to allow consumers to opt out of data collection or otherwise control the sharing of their information and to keep children's information private. This category also includes some sector-specific requirements, like those related to event data recorders in cars or automated license plate reader information.
- Data Security and Cybersecurity: Protecting information from unauthorized access. Defending against attacks to various networks, computers and data. Involves system interconnections, internet, funding, staffing, training, policies and operations. This category includes laws and legislation requiring businesses and government to take specific measures to keep data secure and also covers security breach laws and other types of cybersecurity legislation.
- Computer Crime: Prohibitions against those who hack into systems without authorization and laws against certain practices such as phishing or spreading malware in computers and networks.
Links to NCSL resources are listed below: