Security Breach Notification Laws

3/8/2020

All 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have enacted legislation requiring private or governmental entities to notify individuals of security breaches of information involving personally identifiable information.

Security breach laws typically have provisions regarding who must comply with the law (e.g., businesses, data/ information brokers, government entities, etc); definitions of “personal information” (e.g., name combined with SSN, drivers license or state ID, account numbers, etc.); what constitutes a breach (e.g., unauthorized acquisition of data); requirements for notice (e.g., timing or method of notice, who must be notified); and exemptions (e.g., for encrypted information).

PLEASE NOTE: NCSL serves state legislators and their staff. This site provides general comparative information only and should not be relied upon or construed as legal advice. 

State Citation
Alabama Ala. Code § 8-38-1 et seq. 

Alaska

Alaska Stat. § 45.48.010 et seq.

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 18-545

Arkansas

Ark. Code §§ 4-110-101 et seq.

California

Cal. Civ. Code §§ 1798.291798.82

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 6-1-716

Connecticut

Conn. Gen Stat. §§ 36a-701b, 4e-70

Delaware

Del. Code tit. 6, § 12B-101 et seq.

Florida

Fla. Stat. §§ 501.171, 282.0041, 282.318(2)(i) 

Georgia

Ga. Code §§ 10-1-910, -911, -912; § 46-5-214

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 487N-1 et seq.

Idaho

Idaho Stat. §§ 28-51-104 to -107

Illinois

815 ILCS §§ 530/1 to 530/25

Indiana

Ind. Code §§ 4-1-11 et seq., 24-4.9 et seq.

Iowa

Iowa Code §§ 715C.1, 715C.2

Kansas

Kan. Stat. § 50-7a01 et seq. 

Kentucky

KRS § 365.732, KRS §§ 61.931 to 61.934 

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. §§ 51:3071 et seq.

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 10 § 1346 et seq.

Maryland

Md. Code Com. Law §§ 14-3501 et seq., Md. State Govt. Code §§ 10-1301 to -1308

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws § 93H-1 et seq.

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws §§ 445.63, 445.72

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. §§ 325E.61, 325E.64

Mississippi

Miss. Code § 75-24-29

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 407.1500

Montana

Mont. Code §§ 2-6-1501 to -1503, 30-14-1701 et seq., 33-19-321

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 87-801 et seq.

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. §§  603A.010 et seq., 242.183

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. §§ 359-C:19, 359-C:20, 359-C:21

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. § 56:8-161, 163

New Mexico 2017 H.B. 15, Chap. 36 (effective 6/16/2017)

New York

N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 899-AA, N.Y. State Tech. Law 208

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat §§ 75-61, 75-65

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code §§ 51-30-01 et seq.

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code §§ 1347.121349.19, 1349.191, 1349.192

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. §§ 74-3113.1, 24-161 to -166

Oregon

Oregon Rev. Stat. §§ 646A.600 to .628

Pennsylvania

73 Pa. Stat. §§ 2301 et seq.

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 11-49.3-1 et seq.

South Carolina

 S.C. Code § 39-1-90

South Dakota S.D. Cod. Laws §§ 20-40-20 to -46 (2018 S.B. 62)

Tennessee

Tenn. Code §§  47-18-2107; 8-4-119

Texas

Tex. Bus. & Com. Code §§ 521.002, 521.053

Utah

Utah Code §§ 13-44-101 et seq.

Vermont

Vt. Stat. tit. 9 §§ 2430, 2435

Virginia

 Va. Code §§ 18.2-186.6, 32.1-127.1:05

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 19.255.010, 42.56.590

West Virginia

 W.V. Code §§ 46A-2A-101 et seq.

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 134.98

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. §§ 40-12-501 et seq.

District of Columbia

D.C. Code §§ 28- 3851 et seq., 2020 B 215

Guam

 9 GCA §§ 48-10 et seq.

Puerto Rico

10 Laws of Puerto Rico §§ 4051 et seq.

Virgin Islands

 V.I. Code tit. 14, §§ 2208, 2209

 

This chart does not include state statutes requiring notification of breaches of student data.

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