Access to Digital Assets of Decedents

8/9/2022

Overview

Terms of service agreements and privacy policies govern access to social media and email accounts, and may expire when a user dies. Surviving family members were unable to access social media accounts or valuable digital assets until recently, since state laws that govern the actions of personal representatives or executors were enacted before email and social media became widespread and did not account for digital property. 

However, at least 49 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have now enacted laws addressing access to email, social media accounts, microblogging or other website accounts, or other electronically stored assets, upon a person’s incapacity or death. Of those states, 46 have adopted either the Uniform Law Commission's (ULC) Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act (UFADAA) (2014) or the revised version of UFADAA--the Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Revised (2015), which give internet users the power to plan for the management and disposition of their digital assets in the same way they can make plans for their tangible property.

Legislation is pending in Massachusetts in 2022 (HB 1749, HB 1864, SB 973, SB 1033).

Statutes | Citations
STATE YEAR ENACTED CITATION
Alabama 2017 Code of Ala. § 9-1A-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Alaska 2017

Alaska Stat. § 13.63.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Arizona 2016 Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 14-13101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Arkansas 2017 Ark. Code § 28-75-101 et seq.- Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
California 2016 Calif. Prob. Code §§ 870 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Colorado 2016 Colo. Rev. Stat. §§ 15-1-1501 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Connecticut

2016

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 45a-334b et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Delaware

2014

Del. Code tit. 12 § 5001 to 5007 - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets and Digital Accounts Act

Florida 2016

Fla. Stat. §§ 740.001 et seq. - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets

Georgia 2018 Georgia Code 53-13-1 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Hawaii 2016 Hawaii Rev. Stat. §§ 556A-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Idaho

2011

2016

Idaho Code § 15-3-715 (28) Transactions authorized for personal representatives

Idaho Code §§ 15-14-101 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Iowa 2017 Iowa Code § 638.1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Illinois 2015 755 ILCS 70/1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Indiana

2016

2007

Ind. Code Ann. § 32-39-1-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Ind. Code § 29-1-13-1.1 Right of personal representative to access decedent's electronic communications and other digital assets

Kansas 2017 Kan. Stat. § 58-4801 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Kentucky 2020
2021
Ky. Rev. Stat. §§ 395A.101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Louisiana

2014

La. Code of Civ. Proc., Art. 3191 - General duties; appointment of agent

Maine 2018

18-C MRS § 10-101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Maryland 2016 Md. Estates & Trust Code §§ 15-601 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Michigan 2016

Mich. Comp. Laws  §§ 700.1001 et seq. - Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Minnesota 2016 Minn. Stat. §§ 521A.01 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Mississippi 2017 Miss. Code § 91-23-1 et seq.- Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Missouri 2018 Missouri Rev. Stat. § 472.400 et seq. - Missouri Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Montana 2017 Mont. Code Ann. § 72-31-401 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Nebraska 2016 Rev. Stat. Neb. §§ 30-501 to -518 - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Nevada

2013

2017

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 143.18 Power to direct termination of certain electronic or digital accounts or assets.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 722.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access To Digital Assets Act

New Hampshire 2019 N.H. Stat. §§ 554-A:1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access To Digital Assets Act
New Jersey 2017 N.J. Stat. § 3B:14-61.1 - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
New Mexico 2017 N.M. Stat. § 46-13-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
New York 2016 N.Y. CLS EPTL §§ 13-A-1 et seq. - Administration of Digital Assets
North Carolina 2016 N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 36F-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
North Dakota 2017 N.D. Cent. Code § 47-36-1 et seq. - Revised Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Ohio 2017 Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2137.01 et seq. - Digital Assets Act

Oklahoma

2010

Okla. Stat. tit. 58 § 269 Executor of administrator—Powers.

Oregon 2016 Ore. Rev. Stat. § 119.006 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Pennsylvania 2020 20 Pa. C.S. § 711 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Rhode Island

2007 (repealed), 2019

R.I. Gen Laws § 33-27.1-1 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

South Carolina 2016 S.C. Code Ann. §§ 62-2-1010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
South Dakota 2017 S.D. Cod. Laws § 55-19-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Tennessee 2016

Tenn. Code §§ 35-8-101 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Texas 2017 Tex. Estates Code § 2001.001 et seq- Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Utah 2017 Utah Code § 75-11-101 et seq.- Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Vermont 2017 14 Vt. Stat. § 3551 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Virginia

2017 

Va. Code §§ 64.2-116 to -132 - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

Washington 2016 Rev. Code Wash. §§ 11.120.010 et seq. - Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
West Virginia 2018  W.Va. Code § 44-5B-1 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
Wisconsin 2016 Wisc. Stat. § 711.01 et seq. - Digital Property Act
Wyoming 2016

Wyo. Stat. § 2-3-1001 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act

District of Columbia 2021 D.C. Code 21-2501 et seq. - Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
U.S. Virgin Islands 2018 B. 32-0132, Act 8023

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