Public Input and Redistricting

9/9/2019

Map with push pins

As the public has become increasingly attentive to the redistricting process, states have begun to incorporate opportunities for public input into their redistricting laws. Although roles for citizen engagement in redistricting are more prevalent and often more robust in states that have vested their redistricting authority in independent commissions, such commissions are in no way crucial for making the process more open to the public.

So far in 2019, there have been 16 bills introduced in eight states aimed at providing public input options in the redistricting process in some way. The level and form of citizen involvement varies by state, but they can be generally broken down into the categories listed below. For further description of the categories, please see NCSL's Legisbrief: Public Input Into Redistricting.

You may click on the categories and a description of those categories will populate in a box above the map and the map itself will highlight those states with these options. Or you may click on any state and that state’s specific information for all categories will populate below the map.  

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Public Map Submissions:
States can explicitly provide that their redistricting authority shall accept and consider maps drawn and submitted by members of the public. Some states go further and require an electronic submission portal or publicly available map drawing software be available to interested citizens. Opportunities for citizens to draw their own maps are not limited to these states, however; there is an increasing amount of publicly available redistricting software that citizens can utilize on their own. Even when a state’s redistricting authorities aren’t required to accept citizen submitted plans, these plans can nevertheless be used to publicly compare and critique official plans and proposals with state requirements and criteria.

Public Comment & Testimony:
States can require any maps proposed by, or submitted to, their redistricting authority be publicly available so that citizens can view and comment on them, possibly through a state-created and maintained electronic database. States may also require their redistricting authorities to solicit and consider testimony from members of the public at hearings, either in person or remotely through the use of telecommunication.

Public Hearings & Access:
Many states mandate that their authority’s meetings, business, and materials pertinent to the redistricting process be open to the public or, at least, accessible to interested citizens. Some merely include a provision that subjects their redistricting authority to their state’s pre-existing open meeting laws, while others go further to require public hearings and meetings that utilize technology and broadcasting tools to ensure widespread public accessibility. Most states specify a minimum number of hearings required that range from at least 1 to at least 10 throughout the state, with their locations sometimes predetermined according to geography, population, or political subdivisions. Such hearings can be required before maps are officially proposed (with the intent to gather local concerns before maps are drawn) or after maps are proposed and before they are adopted. Finally, the underlying data and/or criteria used by the redistricting authorities when drawing the maps is required to be publicly available in many states.

Notice:
States could require their redistricting authorities to give the public advance notice of certain actions taken during the map drawing process, such as when maps are to be proposed or voted on, or after they have been formally adopted. Often the time, date and location of any meetings or hearings to be held by the redistricting authority are required to be given in advance of either a specified time period, ranging anywhere from 24 hours to 20 days, or such that the notice is “reasonable” or “appropriate.”

Citizen Initiated Review:
Instead of the normal process of filing lawsuits challenging plans, states can prescribe a procedure for citizens or voters to directly petition their state’s supreme court to review a proposed or enacted redistricting plan for supposed errors, violations of the law, or failure to comply with their state’s redistricting criteria. These challenges usually need to be initiated within a specified period of time, typically between 30 to 60 days of a plan’s filing or approval. If the map is found to be inadequate, it is then redrawn by either those same redistricting authorities, the state’s supreme court, or an appointed special master. States that permit popular referenda on recently-enacted laws may also permit redistricting plans to be challenged through that mechanism.

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States

State flagSelect the state you want to learn more about Public Map Submission, Public Comment and Testimony, Public Hearing and Access, Notice and Citizen Initiated Review

ALABAMA

State flagPublic Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

ALASKA

State flagPublic Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: “The board shall hold public hearings on the proposed plan, or if no single proposed plan is agreed on, on all plans proposed by the board” (Alaska Const. art. VI, § 10(a)).

Notice: Board must issue public proclamation of redistricting when a plan is approved by vote (Alaska Const. art. VI, § 10(a)).

Citizen Initiated Review: Within 30 days after the end of the 90-day period when maps must be drawn, any qualified voter may petition the Alaska Superior Court to compel the Redistricting Board to correct any error in the district maps (Alaska Const. art. VI, § 11).

ARIZONA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: Draft maps are open to the public for a comment period of at least 30 days (Ariz. Const. art. IV, pt. 2, § 1(16)).

Public Hearings and Access: All meetings must be open to the public with at least 48 hours notice (Ariz. Const. art. IV, pt. 2, § 1(12)).

Notice: All meetings must be open to the public with at least 48 hours notice (Ariz. Const. art. IV, pt. 2, § 1(12)).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

ARKANSAS – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: If citizen petitions, the Arkansas Supreme Court must review and possibly revise the plan (Ark. Const. art. VIII, §§ 4, 5)

CALIFORNIA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Must comply with California’s Open Meeting laws (Cal. Gov’t Code § 8253(a)(1)). Must take steps to provide public ready access to redistricting data and software for map drawing (Cal. Gov’t Code § 8253(b)).

Notice: Must provide 14 days public notice for hearings (Cal. Const. art. XXI, § 2(b)).

Citizen Initiated Review: Redistricting statutes are subject to California’s referendum process (Cal. Const. art. XXI, § 2(i)). If citizens reject a final map by referendum, the secretary of state must petition the California Supreme Court to appoint special masters to adjust boundary lines in accordance with criteria and requirements (Cal. Const. art. XXI, § 2(j)).

COLORADO

State flag Public Map Submissions: All Colorado residents may present proposed maps to the commission. The commission must maintain a website for citizens to submit proposed maps and to comment on other maps (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(3)).

Public Comment and Testimony: Must maintain website for citizens to submit proposed maps and to comment on others. Commission must, to the maximum extent practicable, give opportunities for Colorado residents to give testimony at the public hearings (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(3)(b)).

Public Hearings and Access: Requires at least three public hearings in each district, with at least one held east and west, respectively, of the Continental Divide in addition to one south of El Paso County (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(3)(b)). Hearings must be broadcast to the public (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(3)(e)). Secretary of state must post public lists of lobbyists engaged with the commission in any way (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(4)(b)(III)); commission is subject to Colorado’s Open Meetings laws (Colo. Const. art. V, § 48(4)(b)(I)(A)).

Notice: Must provide at least 72 hours public notice of all proposed rules prior to their adoption (Colo. Const. art. V, § 1(e)).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

CONNECTICUT

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Connecticut Supreme Court may review any plan upon petition by registered voter that is filed within 30 days of the plan’s formal filing (Conn. Const. art. III, § 6 (d)).

DELAWARE

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

FLORIDA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

GEORGIA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

HAWAII

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Must hold at least one public hearing in each basic island unit (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 25-2(a)).

Notice: Within 100 days of the commission’s formation, must give each island unit public notice of hearings on the redistricting plan proposed. Must give public notice of any hearing’s date and location at least 20 days in advance. The chief election officer must give public notice of the final plan’s official filing within 14 days (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 25-2(a)).

Citizen Initiated Review: Hawaii Supreme Court reviews the plan if a registered voter petitions the court within 45 days of the final plan’s filing (Haw. Const. art. IV, § 10).

IDAHO

State flag Public Map Submissions: Individual citizens or organizations can present plans to the commission, which are made public information (Idaho Code § 72-1505(7)).

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: All commission meetings are subject to Idaho’s Open Meeting laws. Commission must hold public meetings in different locations across the state to maximize the chance for public participation. All census databases and other databases available to the commission must be made available to any person at cost (Idaho Code § 72-1505). All commission deliberations shall be open to the public (Idaho Const. art. III, § 2(4)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Idaho Supreme Court reviews the plan if a registered voter appeals to the court within the prescribed time period (Idaho Code § 72-1509).

ILLINOIS – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Must hold at least four public hearings statewide to obtain testimony and to inform the public of the districts, with at least one hearing held in each of the four distinct geographic regions of the state as determined by the committee (10 Ill. Comp. Stat. 125/10-5).

Notice: Committee chairperson must give public notice of any public hearing, including its date, time, and place, at least six days before (10 Ill. Comp. Stat. 125/10-5).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

INDIANA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

IOWA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: All testimony and information given at hearings are to be promptly reported to the legislative chambers no later than 14 days after the initial plans are delivered (Iowa Code § 42.6).

Public Hearings and Access: As soon as reasonably possible, the commission shall schedule and conduct at least three public hearings in different geographic regions of the state regarding the plan submitted (Iowa Code § 42.6). At earliest feasible time, the legislative services agency shall make publicly available the maps and law submitted, a summary of the standards prescribed for development of the plan, and statements of each district’s population and deviations (Iowa Code § 42.2(4)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

KANSAS

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

KENTUCKY

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

LOUISIANA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

MAINE – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: The commission shall hold public hearings on any apportionment plan before submission to the Legislature (Me. Const. art. IV, pt. 3, § 1-A).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Any citizen or group can challenge the apportionment law in the Maine Supreme Court (Me. Const. art. IV, pt. 1, § 3; Me. Const. art. IX, § 24).

MARYLAND – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Public hearings required before the governor prepares a plan (Md. Const. art. III, § 5).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Any registered voter may petition the Maryland Court of Appeals to review the legislative districting of the state (Md. Const. art. III, § 5).

MASSACHUSETTS

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Massachusetts voter may petition the Massachusetts Supreme Court to challenge the apportionment plan (Mass. Const. art. CI, § 3).

MICHIGAN

State flag Public Map Submissions: Commission shall receive and consider written submissions of proposed plans and any supporting materials, including underlying data, from any member of the public which are then made public records (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(8)).

Public Comment and Testimony: After drafting at least one plan for each type of district, the commission shall hold at least five public hearings throughout the state to solicit comments from the public (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(9)). Before voting to adopt a plan, the commission shall provide at least 45 days for public comment on those proposed plans with the accompanying data and descriptions of them (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(14)(b)).

Public Hearings and Access: Before drafting any plan, the commission is required to hold at least 10 public hearings throughout the state to inform the public and solicit information from them regarding potential plans (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(8)). After drafting at least one plan for each type of district, the commission shall publish them, along with any detailing features and considerations thereon and data or materials used to make them (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(9)). The commission shall conduct all of its business at open meetings (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(10)). Commission shall hold hearings in a manner that invites wide public participation, and shall use technology to provide contemporaneous public observation and meaningful public participation in the process (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6 (10)). Within 30 days of adopting a plan, the commission shall publish all data, reference materials, reports, and information used to produce and test the plan (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(15)).

Notice: Commission shall provide public advance notice of its meetings and hearings (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(10)). Before voting to adopt a plan, the commission shall provide public notice of each plan to be voted on and give 45 days for public comment (Mich. Const. art. IV, § 6(14)(b)).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

MINNESOTA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

MISSISSIPPI

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

MISSOURI – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: The state demographer shall establish a website, to be known as the “Redistricting Public Comment Portal,” for the purpose of allowing the public acceptance of comments, records, documents, maps, data files, communications, or information of any kind relating to the redistricting process (Mo. Rev. Stat. § 127.030(1)). The state demographer shall accept comments, records, documents, maps, data files, communications or information of any kind relating to the redistricting process solely through the Redistricting Public Comment Portal (Mo. Rev. Stat. § 127.030(2)).

Public Comment and Testimony: Within five months of appointment, the commission shall file with the secretary of state a proposed apportionment map and within 15 days shall hold public hearings “as may be necessary” to hear objections and testimony from interested persons (Mo. Const. art. III, §§ 2, 7). The state demographer shall accept comments, records, documents, maps, data files, communications, or information of any kind relating to the redistricting process solely through the Redistricting Public Comment Portal (Mo. Rev. Stat. § 127.030(2)).

Public Hearings and Access: Within five months of appointment, the commission shall file with the secretary of state a proposed apportionment map and within 15 days shall hold public hearings “as may be necessary” to hear objections and testimony from interested persons (Mo. Const. art. III, §§ 2, 7).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

MONTANA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Before the commission files its final plans to the secretary of state (if congressional) or Legislature (if legislative), it shall hold at least one public hearing (Mont. Code Ann. § 5-1-108).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEBRASKA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None

Public Comment and Testimony: After statistics and plans are made publicly available, the commission shall schedule and hold, as expeditiously as reasonably possible, at least one public hearing in each congressional district of the state to solicit input on the proposed plans (Rules of the Neb. Leg., r. 3, § 6(j)).

Public Hearings and Access: The committee shall at the earliest feasible time make available to the public the substantive guidelines prepared by the committee (Rules of the Neb. Leg., r. 3, § 6(g)). The statistics and redistricting plans shall be made available to the Legislature and the public (Rules of the Neb. Leg., r. 3, § 6(j)). After statistics and plans are made available, the committee shall, as expeditiously as reasonably possible, hold at least one public hearing in each congressional district of the state to solicit input on the proposed plans (Rules of the Neb. Leg., r. 3, § 6(j)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEVADA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEW HAMPSHIRE

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEW JERSEY – Congressional Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: Commission shall, subject to time and convenience constraints, review written plans for congressional districts submitted by members of the public (N.J. Const. art. II, § 2, ¶ 4).

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: The commission shall hold at least three public hearings in different parts of the state (N.J. Const. art. II, § 2, ¶ 3).

Notice: Commission must give 24 hours advance public notice before meeting to vote on certifying final maps (N.J. Const. art. II, § 2, ¶ 3).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEW MEXICO

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NEW YORK

State flag Public Map Submissions: At least 30 days before the first public hearing, the commission must make all maps and their underlying information or data available to them publicly available so that the public may develop alternative plans to present to the commission at public hearings (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 4(e)).

Public Comment and Testimony: To the extent practicable, appointing authorities must consult with organizations devoted to protecting minority voting rights and other voters regarding potential appointees to the commission (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 5(c)). At least 30 days before the first public hearing, the commission must make all maps and their underlying information or data publicly available so that the public may develop alternative plans to present to the commission at public hearings (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 4(e)).

Public Hearings and Access: Must conduct at least one hearing in cities of Albany, Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester and White Plains, and in Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond, Nassau, and Suffolk counties (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 4(c)(6)). At least 30 days before the first public hearing, the commission must make all maps and their underlying information or data publicly available so that the public may develop alternative plans to present to the commission at public hearings (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 4(e)).

Notice: Notice of hearings shall be widely published using the best available means and media in a reasonable time before all such hearings (N.Y. Const. art. III, § 4(e)).

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NORTH CAROLINA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

NORTH DAKOTA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

OHIO

State flag Public Map Submissions: General Assembly or commission shall facilitate and allow for the submission of proposed congressional district plans by members of the public (Ohio Const. art. XIX, § 1(H)). Submitted plans must include a legal description of the boundaries and all electronic data needed to create a congressional district map (Ohio Const. art. XIX, § 1(I)).

Public Comment and Testimony: Must seek public input on proposed legislative plans at public hearings (Ohio Const. art. XI, § 1(C)). If the General Assembly has not adopted a final legislative map plan by Sept. 1 in the year ending in 1, then it must hold public hearings on the proposed plan and accept public testimony and amendments to the plan (Ohio Const. art. XI, § 8(A)(2)).

Public Hearings and Access: Before the General Assembly or commission adopts a congressional plan, a joint committee of the General Assembly and commission shall hold at least two public hearings on a proposed congressional plan (Ohio Const. art. XIX, § 1(G)). Before adopting and after introducing a legislative plan, the proposed plan must be released to the public. The commission must conduct at least three public hearings across the state to present the plan and shall seek public input regarding the proposed legislative plan (Ohio Const. art. XI, § 1(C)). All meetings of the commission are open to the public and are to be broadcasted by electronic transmission that is readily accessible to the general public (Ohio Const. art. XI, § 1(C)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

OKLAHOMA – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Oklahoma Supreme Court will review the apportionment plan if a qualified voter petitions within 60 days of the plan’s filing and sets forth an alternative plan that is more in accordance with the required criteria (Okla. Const. art. V, § 11(C)).

OREGON

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: Legislative Assembly or secretary of state must permit and make provisions for people at remote sites throughout the state to give public testimony at the hearings through the use of video equipment (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016(3)(d)).

Public Hearings and Access: Must hold at least 10 public hearings throughout the state prior to proposing a plan (Or. Stat. § 188.016(1)). At least one of the hearings must be in each congressional district in the state (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016(3)(b)). At least one of these hearings must be in an area that has had the largest population shift since the previous reapportionment, and the Legislative Assembly or secretary of state shall prioritize holding additional hearings in this area (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016(3)(c)). After a plan is proposed but before it is adopted, the Legislative Assembly or secretary of state shall, to the extent practicable, hold five public hearings in the state’s five congressional districts, or with videoconference technology, to permit active citizen participation throughout the state (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016(2)). At least one of these hearings must be in an area that has had the largest population shift since the previous reapportionment, and the Legislative Assembly or secretary of state shall prioritize holding additional hearings in these areas (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016(3)(c)).

Notice: Legislative Assembly or secretary of state must provide appropriate public notice of the time and location of each hearing (Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.016).

Citizen Initiated Review: Oregon Supreme Court will review the plan if a qualified elector petitions the court on or before Aug. 1 of the year in which the plan is enacted (Or. Const. IV, § 6 (2)).

PENNSYLVANIA – Legislative Only

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Any plan filed by the commission or ordered by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court shall be published by the chief elections officer once in at least one newspaper of general circulation in each senatorial and representative district, showing the complete reapportionment plan by district, a map showing districts in the area normally served by the publishing newspaper, and the populations and variations of all districts in the plan (Pa. Const. art. II, § 17).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Pennsylvania Supreme Court will review the plan if they are petitioned by an “aggrieved person” within 30 days of a proposed plan’s filing or within 30 days of the final plan’s official filing (Pa. Const. art. II, § 17).

RHODE ISLAND

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

SOUTH CAROLINA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

SOUTH DAKOTA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

TENNESSEE

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

TEXAS

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

UTAH

State flag Public Map Submissions: Commission must maintain a website or electronic platform that allows the public to submit plans and comments on plans, and to view records of meetings and hearings, and assessments and reports on plans (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(7)(a)-(b)). Commission may consider any plan submitted to them by any person or organization, including by commissioners, and they shall make available to the public and commissioners all plans or elements of plans submitted to them (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(5)).

Public Comment and Testimony: Commission must maintain a website or electronic platform that allows the public to submit plans and comments on plans, and to view records of meetings and hearings, and assessments and reports on plans (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(7)(a)-(b)). Commission may consider any plan submitted to them by any person or organization, including by commissioners, and they shall make available to the public and commissioners all plans or elements of plans submitted to them (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(5)).

Public Hearings and Access: Commission must maintain a website or electronic platform that allows the public to submit plans and comments on plans, and to view records of meetings and hearings, and assessments and reports on plans (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(7)(a)-(b)). Commission shall make available to the public and commissioners all plans or elements of plans submitted to them (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(5)). Commission’s meetings are subject to Utah’s Open Meetings Act (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(8)). Commission shall hold at least seven public hearings throughout the state related to redistricting, with at least one hearing in each specified region, and at least two hearings in a 1st or 2nd class county, but not the same county (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(9). Commission must adopt a final plan no later than 30 days after the last public hearing (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-203(1)). Upon a vote by three commissioners or more, the commission shall conduct assessments of any plan being considered and shall promptly make the assessments available to the public (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(6)). Commission must publicly disclose and describe any communications that are material to redistricting when they are made, and must make such disclosure before any such plan or element of a plan is considered by the commission (Utah Code Ann. § 20A-19-202(12)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

VERMONT

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: A copy of the final legislative plan shall be available for public inspection (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 17, § 1906(a)).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: Vermont Supreme Court may review the plan if five or more people petition the court within 30 days of the plan’s enactment (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 17, § 1909).

VIRGINIA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

WASHINGTON

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: Commission shall hold open meetings pursuant to Washington’s Open Meetings Act, and shall preserve and disclose its meetings and public records (Wash. Rev. Code § 44.05.080). Commission shall publish a report with the plan including the populations and percentage deviations for each district, an explanation of the criteria used to make the plan with a justification of any deviation therein, a map of the entire plan, and the estimated cost incurred by the counties for adjusting precinct boundaries (Wash. Rev. Code § 44.05.080).

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

WEST VIRGINIA

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

WISCONSIN

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.

WYOMING

State flag Public Map Submissions: None.

Public Comment and Testimony: None.

Public Hearings and Access: None.

Notice: None.

Citizen Initiated Review: None.