Disability Employment Legislation

4/1/2022

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NCSL’s Disability Employment Database provides current information on legislative efforts in the states and territories targeting disability employment issues and related disability issues. 

This database is supported through the State Exchange on Employment & Disability (SEED), a U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) initiative. Through SEED, ODEP is partnering with NCSL, the Council of State Governments and Concepts Inc. to review effective practices and present policy options to state legislators to improve the hiring, retention and advancement of people with disabilities in both the public and private sectors. The database will serve as a resource to this effort.

Bill information for the current year is updated every morning on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. New measures are added as they are introduced or identified by NCSL staff. Bills may appear twice in carry over states. In these states, please check the last date of action to ensure the status of the bill reflects the appropriate year.

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2021 Legislative Session Enactments

The 2021 legislative session faced significant challenges, as policymakers balanced the needs of their constituents with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite this, states continued making progress in employment for people with disabilities. At least 33 states and the District of Columbia enacted 90 pieces of legislation relating to the Work Matters policy framework, including state hiring of people with disabilities, transportation, work-based learning, and private-sector capacity building. Below are few notable examples in each policy area. For all enactments, please refer to the disability legislation employment database.

State as a Model Employer

California AB 313: Requires each state agency to develop its own reasonable accommodation policy for individuals with disabilities, consistent with state and federal law, to address requests for reasonable accommodations.

New Jersey A 1597: Establishes the Task Force to Promote Employment by State Agencies of People with Disabilities.

Tennessee HB 112: Creates the State as a Model Employer program to ensure state agencies and departments design and proactively implement best, promising, and emerging policies, practices, and procedures related to the recruitment, hiring, advancement, and retention of qualified individuals with disabilities.

Getting to Work

Arizona HB 2813: Establishes a regulatory framework for the operation of autonomous vehicles in the state.

Delaware SB20: Clarifies that a person with a special license plate or permit for persons with disabilities may park for an unlimited period where the length of time is otherwise limited and must be able to park in a metered parking space for at least 1 hour. This Act clarifies that it is a violation of the state equal accommodations law to prohibit parking as authorized for a person with a special license plate or permit for persons with disabilities.

Preparing for Work

Florida HB 173: Relates to individual education plan (IEP) requirements for students with disabilities, including implementation of the IEP for transition services for student with disabilities to a postsecondary education and career opportunities.

Maine LD 924: Establishes a task force to study the coordination of services and expansion of educational programs and vocational opportunities for young adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities or acquired brain injury. 

Oklahoma SB 89: States that children who have individualized education programs pursuant to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and who satisfy the graduation requirements through the individualized education program for that student shall be awarded a standard diploma.

Public and Private Sector Employment Strategies

North Dakota HB 1405: Establishes an income tax credit for the employment of individuals with developmental disabilities or severe mental illness.

 

This database tracks all legislation from the 2016 legislative session, including 2015 carryover legislation, and covers the following disability employment and general disability topics:

Explanation of Search Keywords

Major Disability Employment Policy Areas

Includes competitive integrated employment, self-employment and entrepreneurship, return-to-work and leave, and state procurement and supplier diversity programs.

Public and Private Sector Employment Strategies

Relates to the state as a model employer and private sector employment supports and incentives.

Workforce Readiness and Education Efforts

Includes topics such as career readiness, vocational rehabilitation, education, special education, school-to-work transitions, financial literacy and asset building.

Accessibility and Employee Supports

Includes accessible technology, workplace accommodations, disability-related transportation and health policy, housing, community-based living and independent living.

State Implementation of Federal Disability Policies

Includes topics such as Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Rehabilitation Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Achieving a Better Life Experience Act (ABLE) and Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA).

Other Disability Policy Areas

Includes policy related to specific disabilities, statutory disability terminology language changes, older workers, non-discrimination, civil rights and affirmative action.

For faster performance, please use the fields below to filter your results. If you select nothing, the default search will pick up all topics and states in the most recent session year available. The full text of bills is available by clicking on the bill number. This feature is available for bills from 2015 and later.

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