A good job is at the heart of the American dream. It helps with putting food on the table, saving money, buying a home, paying for education and child care, keeping the economy spinning and so much more.
So, it’s no wonder that in 2016, almost every state legislature considered bills that impact workforce development. 37 of these states passed 97 bills on the subject. A look at 2016 workforce development enactments shows that states are playing a pivotal role in making sure that people are trained for good jobs.
In 2016, workforce development enactments spanned the gamut but focused largely on the following strategies:
- Offering and incentivizing apprenticeships and other work-based learning.
- Sharing workforce information and data to identify workforce needs and make sure training and education programs are aligned to meet those needs.
- Tailoring job services to specific folks such as youth, people with disabilities, veterans and their families, and people with criminal backgrounds.
- Aligning K-12 education with job needs via career pathways, tailored plans for students and offering dual credit at postsecondary institutions.
- Meeting federal requirements by organizing workforce plans and/or boards and adhering to reporting requirements.
Read on to learn more about these enactments and see examples of legislation in each category.
Note: Below, under the “All States and Enactments” heading, you can find a complete list of 2016 workforce development enactments by state.
Apprenticeships and On-the-Job Training
Learning on the job, one of the world’s oldest job training methods, is being revived. Given an increased focus on getting people into good jobs quickly, apprenticeships and other work-based learning are leading strategies. For example, consider the following state actions in 2016:
- Alabama and South Carolina created a tax credit for employers that hire an apprentice.
- Colorado is providing financial incentives to schools that engage students in earning certificates or participate in apprenticeships for high demand industries.
- The District of Columbia is evaluating youth apprenticeship programs and making recommendations to improve these programs.
- Maryland will create a program to offset the costs of hiring apprentices in the construction industry.
- Ohio is allowing employers of automotive and motor vehicle technicians to participate in the state’s Incumbent Workforce Training Voucher Program.
- Rhode Island is reimbursing employers up to $5,000 annually for apprentice training costs.
Information and Data Sharing
Sharing information is key in developing workforce programs, which often require the efforts of multiple stakeholders. Several states passed laws to authorize data sharing, publish labor market information and project employment needs to increase their state’s pool of qualified workers:
- Arizona authorized its Department of Economic Security, Department of Education, universities and community colleges to receive unemployment insurance data—the department is using this data to evaluate workforce and education programs and develop labor market information, all while putting safeguards in place to keep data secure.
- Indiana now requires its Department of Workforce Development and the Commission for Higher Education to report expected workforce needs of employers in a ten-year plan.
- Massachusetts authorized the state to share wage records to comply with federal reporting requirements.
- Michigan appropriated more than $8 million to replace the state’s workforce reporting system and enhance data sharing among state agencies to evaluate workforce and education programs.
- Minnesota requires its Office of Higher Education and the Department of Labor and Industry to maintain an inventory of programs that provide training and post this information online.
- New York requires its Department of Labor to provide labor market information to every school district and community college providing approved career education programs.
- North Carolina requires the State Education Assistance Authority to create a webpage that provides information on the state’s projected employment needs and outcomes of postsecondary graduates. The website must include information on salary ranges, college majors, institutions that offer degrees in projected high-need employment areas and information on student loan debt and salary by college major.
Job Services for Special Populations
A one size fits all approach doesn’t always work when you have constituents with varying skills, interests, abilities and backgrounds. Specific strategies can help states get certain people such as veterans, people with disabilities, youth or women involved in the labor market. Such enactments in 2016 include:
- California now requires the development of plans to increase women in pre-apprenticeship training programs.
- Colorado created a program to enhance workforce services for veterans, spouses of veterans and other eligible participants. The state also passed legislation requiring the development of an “employment first” policy for people with disabilities to increase competitive, integrated employment and created an additional program for inclusive higher education for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
- Delaware is requiring its Commission for Statewide Contracts to promote access to products and services offered by people with disabilities and is also providing employers a tax credit to hire individuals with disabilities.
- Illinois created a task force to examine youth unemployment, particularly as it affects youth of color. Recommendations from the task force must be submitted to the legislature and governor.
- Michigan allows veterans to fulfill job licensing requirements that were in place at the time they entered military service even if requirements have since changed.
- New York is preparing reports on the number of women that are referred to counseling, skills development and/or training for jobs with high earning potential. The stat is also expediting licensing for military spouses.
- Virginia will offer a transition program for prisoners that includes advice on job training opportunities.
- West Virginia now allows employers to give preference to hiring veterans if the veteran meets knowledge, skill and eligibility requirements of a job.
- Wisconsin created an initiative to increase the number of veterans holding permanent state government positions.
Start 'Em Early
Many K-12 school systems are now playing a role in getting students ready to enter jobs. This means that education and labor fields are talking more and earlier. For example:
- Idaho is providing $3,000 for career and technical education instructors who hold occupational specialist certificates.
- Illinois allows high schools to form partnerships with local community colleges to allow students to take courses without paying tuition and fees. The state also requires certain agencies to jointly adopt and publicize model postsecondary and career expectations for students in grades 8-12 and allows public high school graduates to attain college and career pathway endorsements on their high school diplomas.
- Iowa requires all students, beginning in the eighth grade, to have an individualized career and academic plan to outline career goals and courses needed to meet those goals. Requires an annual report.
- Kentucky appropriated $15 million to create dual credit scholarships that allow high school seniors to receive dual credit for up to two college courses.
- Maryland appropriated $600,000 for planning grants to establish six P-TECH schools in the state.
- Missouri requires career and technical education certificate requirements to be published and allows students entering high school to develop personal plans of study that include career goals. The state also created programs to increase access to and completion of postsecondary education including a dual credit scholarship fund for low-income students and foster youth, the 15 to Finish Act which provides financial incentives to students for on-time completion, the Guided Pathways to Success Act, and a pilot program to allow concurrent enrollment at both a two-year and a four-year institution.
- Virginia established a grant fund to provide funds to state students who complete certain noncredit workforce training programs.
The federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was enacted in 2014. States continue to make changes to comply with the law and fulfill their obligations under it. Examples include:
- California passed a bill to encourage its chancellor of community colleges to align programs with federal WIOA requirements.
- Colorado passed a bill to align state law with federal law and clarified the role of entities responsible for workforce development.
- Florida modified its CareerSource Florida, Inc. to implement WIOA and required the state’s workforce development plan to be aligned with federal requirements.
- Hawaii and Iowa updated the duties and membership of their state workforce boards to align with WIOA.
- Maryland conformed state law to WIOA by replacing obsolete references in state law, renaming their workforce act, clarifying services that must be provided by various workforce development programs and amending reporting requirements of the governor’s workforce board.
- Michigan appropriated $8,778,500 to replace the state workforce reporting system to comply with federal reporting requirements and enhance data sharing among state agencies.
- Nebraska adopted its own Nebraska Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act to comply with federal law.
- New Hampshire changed references from the Workforce Investment Act to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act to comply with the federal law name change. Tennessee did the same.
Though most legislation fit into one of the categories above, states are making appropriations and implementing other workforce development strategies as well:
- Arkansas re-appropriated $40 million to fund comprehensive workforce development programs.
- Michigan revised and consolidated laws that regulate certain occupations in the skilled trades.
- Mississippi created a Mississippi Works Fund to provide workforce development and job training in community colleges.
Continue reading to see all 2016 workforce development enactments listed by state.
All States and Enactments
- AL S 90: Allows eligible employers to claim an annual tax credit of up to $1,000 for hiring an apprentice. Limits the number of apprentices that employers can claim to five and the total amount of tax credits that can be awarded to $3 million annually.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- AZ H 2666: Authorizes the Arizona Department of Economic Security, the Department of Education, universities and community colleges to receive unemployment insurance data from the Governor’s Economic Opportunity Office to support evaluation of the state’s workforce and education programs and to develop labor market information. Data must be kept confidential and have security safeguards in place.
- AR S 20: Re-appropriates $40 million from the state’s general improvement fund to the Department of Career Education to fund comprehensive workforce development programs.
- CA A 2288: Requires the California Workforce Development Board and all local boards to ensure that federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act funds awarded for specific pre-apprenticeship training programs in building and construction trades follow a shared curriculum and develop strategies to increase the representation of women in those programs.
- CA S 66: Requires the Department of Consumer Affairs to provide information to the Office of the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges about employment outcomes of students who participate in community college career and technical education programs and to make recommendations for program improvements. Urges the chancellor of the community colleges to align any changes in program requirements with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- CA S 830: Creates the Strong Workforce Program to expand industry driven career and technical education and workforce development courses, programs, pathways and credentials, at community colleges. Appropriates $200 million for the program and directs the program to align with the state’s workforce development plan and regional workforce plans.
- CO H 1267: Creates the Colorado Veterans' Service-to-Career Pilot Program to enhance workforce services that are not available under federal law including services specifically tailored to the needs of veterans, spouses and other eligible participants. Directs the Department of Labor and Employment to select workforce centers and a nonprofit agency to administer the program and appropriates $500,000 to the program.
- CO H 1288: Creates the Industry Infrastructure Grant Program to be housed in the Colorado Workforce Development Council. Grants will be awarded to industry associations to define industry competency standards and facilitate work-based learning. Creates a fund to pay for the program and appropriates $300,000 annually from the general fund for three years (a total of $900,000). Set donations from a nonprofit entity and any other gifts, grants or donations that the council receives will also be added to the fund. Requires a report.
- CO H 1289: Creates the Career Development Success Pilot Program to provide financial incentives for school districts and charter schools to encourage high school students to enroll in and complete industry certificates, internships or pre-apprenticeship programs in high-demand industries and computer science advanced placement courses. The state Workforce Development Council will work with the Office of Economic Development and the state Departments of Education, Higher Education and Labor and Employment to annually identify the regional and state demand for various jobs and qualifying programs, certificates, internships and pre-apprenticeship programs that relate to the jobs. Participating school districts will provide reports on the number of students that complete these programs and/or certificates.
- CO H 1302: Aligns Colorado law with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Clarifies the role of specific entities within Colorado workforce development programs.
- CO S 77: Requires the development of an “employment first” policy to increase competitive, integrated employment for persons with disabilities. Requires the heads of the Departments of Health Care Policy and Financing, Labor and Employment, Education and Higher education to consult with an advisory board to develop and implement the policy.
- CO S 196: Creates a pilot program for inclusive higher education for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities and identifies four institutions of higher education to house the program. The sites must develop programming that allows students to take two on-campus undergraduate courses each semester to prepare students for gainful employment. Students must be integrated socially and academically as much as possible and an annual evaluation of the pilot program along with a report to the legislature is required. Appropriates $250,000 to the program.
- CT H 5069: Adds members (including an expert in the interests of business or trade organizations, legislators and members of low-income households) to the state’s interagency working group that oversees their two-generational school readiness and workforce development pilot program. Requires that the working group submits a report to the legislature each year that details levels of workforce readiness and work success among program participants along with other information.
- CT H 5423: Requires the education commissioner and the Board of Regents for Higher Education to establish a committee to educate middle and high school students about manufacturing careers. The committee is required to annually compile a catalog of manufacturing training programs and analyze whether current programs are meeting workforce needs. Requires the education commissioner to develop a program to introduce middle and high school students to manufacturing careers and help schools incorporate information about manufacturing in their curriculum.
- DE H 393: Requires the state’s Commission for Statewide Contracts to support gainful employment for individuals with disabilities by promoting an expanded and constant market for products and services from people with disabilities.
- DE S 221: Provides employers a tax credit incentive to hire individuals with disabilities with referrals from the state’s vocational rehabilitation department. The tax credit it set at 10 percent of the gross wages paid to an employee, not to exceed $1,500.
District of Columbia
- DC B 137: Authorizes the director of employment services to issue grants for job development purposes.
- DC B 287: Establishes a Youth Apprenticeship Advisory Committee in the Department of Employment Services. Details who must be on the committee. Requires an evaluation s of youth apprenticeship programs including recommendations for improvement. Requires a report to the legislature.
- DC B 399: Reduces the number of employment and training positions for youth ages 22-24 in the summer youth program from 1,500 to 1,000.
- DC B 463: Establishes the Incarceration to Incorporation Entrepreneurship Program and creates a fund designed to help offenders start a business.
- FL S 7040: Modifies Florida’s current program for workforce services to implement the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Details membership guidelines for CareerSource Florida, Inc. and local workforce development boards. Requires the state workforce development plan to be based on a four-year strategic and operation plan that aligns with federal requirements and requires the Florida Department of Education, CareerSource Florida, Inc., one-stop delivery partners and local workforce development boards to enter into memorandums of understanding.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- HI H 2362: Updates the duties and membership of the state’s workforce development council to align with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- ID H 630: Assists school districts and charter schools in recruiting and retaining instructors for career and technical education programs by allocating $3,000 to staff who hold occupational specialist certificates.
- ID S 1288: Expands allowable uses of the state’s workforce development training fund, which is used to reimburse companies for certain employee training costs to include innovative training solutions. Previously, funds could only be used to upgrade the skills of currently employed workers at risk of being laid off.
- IL H 5561: Allows high schools to form partnerships with local community colleges so students can take community college courses without paying tuition and fees. Requires assessment of the program’s success and has a sunset date of three years.
- IL H 5668: Creates the youth unemployment task force to examine youth unemployment across the state and effects of unemployment especially on young people of color. Outlines who must be on the task force and requires recommendations that must be submitted to the legislature and the governor.
- IL H 5729: Creates the Postsecondary and Workforce Readiness Act which requires certain agencies to jointly adopt and publicize model postsecondary and career expectations for public school students in grades eight through 12. Requires the establishment of a competency-based high school graduation requirement pilot program in select school districts. Allows public high school graduates to attain college and career pathway endorsements on their high school diplomas.
- IL S 2906: Requires the Department of Human Services to count participation in high school and high school equivalency programs as work activities under the TANF program. Provides agency flexibility to determine eligibility.
- IN S 301: Requires the Department of Workforce Development and the Commission for Higher Education to report the expected workforce needs of employers in a 10-year plan. Training and education required to meet those workforce needs would be implemented through a vocational school to ensure that programs offered meet the demands of local communities.
- IA H 2392: Requires that all students have an individualized career and academic plan that outlines their goals and the courses needed to meet those goals. Creates an approach to helping students develop these plans beginning in eighth grade with an emphasis on work-based learning. School districts must report annually on student progress.
- IA S 3176: Conforms state law with requirements of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Adds members to the Iowa Workforce Development Board and makes changes to the duties of the board. Makes changes to local workforce development boards and requires the Department of Workforce Development and other state agencies to align workforce development programs, services and activities to create an integrated workforce system across the state. Requires agencies to establish a shared information system.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- KY H 303: Appropriates $15 million for the creation of dual-credit scholarships. Allows any high school senior to receive dual credit for up to two courses.
- LA S 446: Requires the Board of Regents, Department of Economic Development and the Louisiana Workforce Commission to conduct a review of the educational demands of the state and its workforce. Requires a report to the senate and house committees on education that must include information about educational demands, gaps and recommendations to ensure that the state’s postsecondary education system is meeting workforce and economic development needs.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- MD S 92: Transfers the Maryland Apprenticeship and Training Council and the Youth Apprenticeship Advisory Committee from the Division of Labor and Industry to the Division of Workforce Development and Adult Learning. Changes the duties of the Maryland Apprenticeship and Training Council to align with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- MD S 94: Conforms state laws to the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act by replacing obsolete references, renaming the state’s workforce act, altering to whom the workforce development program is required to provide services, renaming the governor’s workforce board and amending reporting requirements.
- MD S 95: Conforms state laws to the requirements of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- MD H 999/MD S 905: Establishes the Commission on Innovation and Excellence to review the findings of the Study on Adequacy of Funding for Education and make recommendations including how the state can better prepare students to be competitive in the workforce.
- MD H 1406/MD S 1173: Creates a task force to study special adult high schools for adult students to obtain high school diplomas. The task force must study best practices, funding models, enabling legislation and regulations. Requires a report to the general assembly by June 30, 2017.
- MD S 376: Establishes P-TECH schools for students to earn a credential and workplace skills that align with industry needs. Appropriates $600,000 for planning grants to establish six P-TECH schools in the state.
- MD H 290/MD S 545: Replaces the state’s Construction Apprenticeship Assistance program with the Apprenticeship Career Training in Our Neighborhoods (ACTION) program to develop a well-trained, productive construction workforce to meet the needs of the state’s economy, to encourage the hiring of apprentices in the construction industry and to help employers offset the costs of hiring an apprentice.
- MA H 4116: Authorizes the state to share wage records to comply with federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act reporting requirements.
- MA H 4569: Funds the Workforce Skills Capital Grant Program at $45 million over three years to support career and technical education. The program also supports training equipment purchases to connect individuals to economic opportunities in high-demand industries.
- MI H 4813: Amends the state’s Electrical Administrative Act to increase the required ratio of electrical journeyman or master electrician to apprentice from one-to-one to one-to-three so that more apprentices may be trained for these jobs.
- MI H 5294: Appropriates $8,778,500 to replace the state’s workforce reporting system to comply with federal reporting requirements and to enhance data sharing among state agencies to determine results of state and federal workforce and education programs.
- MI H 5343: Provides that veterans who are honorably terminated are entitled to licensing requirements that were in force at the time they entered military service.
- MI S 216: Allows the Department of Education to include other high school equivalency tests other than the general education development (GED) test.
- MI S 963: Revises, consolidates, and classifies laws regarding the regulation of certain occupations in the skilled trades.
- MN S 2614: Clarifies the state’s dual training grant program by requiring that employees trained under the grant receive an industry-recognized degree, certificate or credential upon completion of their training. Requires the Office of Higher Education and the Department of Labor and Industry to cooperate in maintaining an inventory of programs that provide training. The inventory must be posted online and have contact information for each training program.
- MN S 2709: Updates references to workforce development boards and designated workforce areas to conform with federal law.
- MS S 2808: Creates and funds the Mississippi Works Fund for workforce development and job training in community colleges. Prioritizes training funds for new jobs, however, up to 25 percent of funds may be used for job retention and to create an applicant pool of qualified workers.
- MO S 620/MO S 582: Requires the state’s Board of Education to establish requirements for career and technical education certificates that students can earn in addition to their high school diploma at their local school. Allows new members to be appointed to the state’s career and technical education advisory council.
- MO S 638: Permits students entering high school to develop a personal plan of study that includes career or postsecondary goals, programs aligned with those goals, appropriate career opportunities and coursework and any other assessments that could help facilitate their entrance into career goals.
- MO S 997: Creates several programs to increase access to postsecondary education including the dual credit scholarship fund—designed to reimburse low-income and students in foster care for up to 50 percent of tuition—and other initiatives to encourage success in postsecondary education including the 15 to Finish Act, the Guided Pathways to Success Act, and a concurrent enrollment pilot program to allow coursework at both a four-year and two-year institution.
- NE LB 956: Appropriates $250,000 to the state’s adult education program one time for FY 2015-2016. The funds will be used to implement the job-driven training and education components of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Allowable uses of the funds are college and career readiness initiatives, curriculum alignment, partnering with American job centers, providing staff training, increasing instructional capacity, conducting outreach or investing in technology.
- NE LB 1110: Adopts the Sector Partnership Program Act as well as the Nebraska Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- NH S 429: Changes statutory references from the Workforce Investment Act to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act to comply with federal law.
- NJ A 2515: Establishes the State Military Skills Council to assess and make recommendations about training and education programs for jobs with the military and supporting industries. Topics to be addressed include barriers that impede workforce alignment with the federal government, identifying opportunities for growth and deficiencies in the current skill sets of the workforce, and methods to develop and align curriculum at all levels of education. Requires an annual report to the legislature.
- NM S 92: Creates the Rapid Workforce Development Board and fund. Authorizes the Secretary of Economic Development to identify potential employers who would bring new jobs to the state and then work with these employers to determine the skills, education and training they would need to fill these jobs. Allows the Rapid Workforce Development Board to use the information about new jobs to establish relevant programs to train workers for jobs with that employer.
- NY A 4394: Authorizes expedited licensing of military spouses with out-of-state professional licenses in equivalent occupations. Allows a six-month temporary license to be issued that can be used immediately while paperwork is processed for a full license. Reduces fees for licensure.
- NY A 9755: Directs the Commissioner of Labor and the president of the Civil Service Commission to prepare reports on how many women were referred to counseling or skills development and training for jobs and careers that offer higher earning potential, including jobs traditionally dominated by men. The purpose is to improve services and training for women to obtain higher paying jobs and careers.
- NY S 7967: Requires the Department of Labor to provide labor market information and data about current and projected employment opportunities in the state to every school district and community college providing approved career education programs. Requires the Education Department to provide an analysis of the information and data to schools.
- NC S 536: Requires the North Carolina Education Assistance Authority to develop a webpage that provides information on the state’s projected employment needs and outcomes for graduates of both private and public postsecondary institutions. The website must include information on the salary ranges, college majors, institutions offering degrees in projected high-need employment areas, average and median loan debt, average and median salary and the percentage of graduates employed within six months, broken down by major.
- No 2016 legislative session.
- OH H 429: Allows employers of automotive technicians and motor vehicle technicians to participate in the Incumbent Workforce Training Voucher Program. Provides financial assistance to an employer to offset costs to upgrade the skills of a current employee. Employers must meet certain criteria and are provided reimbursement for the training costs.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- OR H 4076: Allocates $1,659,8000 to the Higher Education Coordinating Commission to support services for students enrolled in the Oregon Promise Program.
- PA H 400: Establishes the Work Experience for High School Students with Disabilities Act to provide pre-employment transition services to students with disabilities.
- RI H 7097: Creates and funds a non-trade apprenticeship incentive program for approved industries to reimburse employers for the costs to train apprentices up to $5,000 annually per apprentice.
- RI H 7835/RI S 2853: Expands membership in the governor’s workforce board to include an employer and a representative from the Office of Rehabilitation Services.
- RI H 7890/RI S 2328: Requires the state’s workforce board to create pathways and workforce training programs to fill skill gaps and employment opportunities in the clean energy sector.
- RI H 8035/RI S 2476: Requires the governor’s workforce board to expand job and career opportunities for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities by requiring that they develop allocation formulas for the distribution of funds. Adds relevant representatives to the state’s advisory committee of the State Career Pathways systems.
- RI H 8330/RI S 2236: Requires the Director of Labor and Training to consider representatives from industries participating in non-trade apprenticeship programs when making appointments to the state’s Apprenticeship Council.
- SC H 4145: Creates the Coordinating Council of Workforce Development. Outlines membership requirements and duties of the council to include identifying long-term workforce needs and investigating workforce programs that are duplicative and ineffective. Requires a report to the general assembly on strategies to increase student access to effective workforce training. Establishes a tax credit for taxpayers who hire an apprentice and a tax credit for taxpayers who contribute to the workforce scholarship and grant fund.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- TN H 1551: Replaces existing Workforce Investment Act references with Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act references to comply with federal law.
- UT S 103: Creates a $1.5 million incentive fund to support programs developed by educational institutions and employers that respond to regional workforce needs and lead to defined stackable credentials. Requires the Governor’s Office of Economic Development to publish a report every two years detailing high-demand jobs. Requires that programs that are funded respond to needs identified in the report, lead to the attainment of a stackable credential and include career and technical education content.
- UT S 148: Modifies the Utah Workforce Services Code to comply with federal law. Renames divisions in the Department of Workforce Services and creates a state workforce development board.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- VA H 66/VA S 576: Establishes the New Economy Workforce Credential Grant Fund and Program to provide grants to Virginia students who complete certain noncredit workforce training programs and attain a relevant credential.
- VA H 261: Requires the Board of Education to issue provisional licenses for up to three years to any veteran who has received an honorable discharge and has appropriate experience or training but does not meet the requirements for a renewable teacher license.
- VA H 405: Extends from six months to 12 months the temporary license, certification or permit issued to military spouses
- VA H 740: Conforms Virginia law with the federal Rehabilitation Act. Adds that services provided through centers for independent living include the transition of youth with significant disabilities to postsecondary life. Requires individualized plans for employment for individuals who receive vocational rehabilitation services.
- VA H 834/VA S 449: Establishes the Virginia Growth and Opportunity Board to administer grants for regional economic and workforce development projects. Requires regional councils to be established across the state that may submit applications for collaborative projects in their region that enhance private-sector growth, competitiveness and workforce development.
- VA H 991: Allows local departments of social services to place participants in the Virginia Initiative for Employment Not Welfare (VIEW) who need job skills in an apprenticeship program.
- VA H 1343: Establishes the Virginia Research Investment Fund to promote research, development, and commercialization efforts with a high potential for economic development including job creation.
- VA S 124: Requires the Department of Corrections to offer prisoners prior to release the opportunity to participate in a transition program that includes advice for job training opportunities.
- VA S 245: Requires community colleges to enter agreements to facilitate dual enrollment of eligible students into a career pathways program. The program must prepare students to pass high school equivalency examinations and enter a program offered by the community college that will result in a postsecondary credential, certification or license.
- No 2016 enactments identified.
- WV H 4324: Authorizes information sharing by Workforce West Virginia with the state agencies responsible for vocational rehabilitation, employment and training to comply with the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.
- WV H 4507: Allows employers to give preference to hiring veterans with or without disabilities if the veteran meets knowledge, skill and eligibility requirements of a job. Clarifies that this preference does not violate equal employment opportunity laws.
- WV S 461: Creates the West Virginia Workforce Development Board to make recommendations required by the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Specifies requirements for board membership and duties.
- WI A 441: Creates the Wisconsin Veterans Employment Initiative to increase the number of veterans holding permanent state government positions and a Council on Veterans Employment. Requires the council to advise and assist the governor and state agencies with the recruitment and employment of veterans, including veterans with a service-connected disability.
- No 2016 enactments identified.