Chart of Federal Nutrition Programs

3/15/2018

The following chart displays the most relevant nutrition programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) along with a brief explanation of each. Listed are participation rates and costs for FY2017 (or most recent year). Finally, the “State Administrative Agency” column lists some typical agencies that administer the programs at the state level. Additional information can be found on the USDA website and through the Congressional Research Service. These programs are funded through the Farm Bill and the Child Nutrition Reauthorization.

Updated by Rosa Rada, Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellow for the NCSL Hunger Partnership 

Program

Description

State Administrative Agency

FY 17
Population Served 

FY 17
Federal Dollars Spent*

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 

*Formerly known as the Food Stamp Program

Enables low-income families to purchase nutritious food

Department of Health and Human Services

42.2 million individuals

$68 Billion

National School Lunch Program (NSLP)

Provides low-cost or free nutritious lunch to children in school

Department of Education

30 million children

$13.6 Billion

Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

*Including WIC Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program (FMNP)

Provides nutritious foods, nutrition education, and referrals to health and other social services to low-income women, and infants and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk

Department of Agriculture; Department of Health

7.3 million women, infants, and children

$5.6 Billion

(Includes food costs, nutrition services, administrative cost)

WIC Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program (FMNP)

*FMNP operates in 36 states, District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and six Indian Tribal Organizations

Provides vouchers for WIC recipients to redeem at participating Farmers’ Markets

Department of Human Services

1.7 million WIC participants in FY16

$21 Million in FY16

Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)

Provides nutritious meals to children and elderly individuals in day-care settings

Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

4.5 million children and adults

$3.5 Billion

National School Breakfast Program (SBP)

Provides low-cost or free nutritious breakfast to children in school

Department of Education

14.7 million children

$4.3 Billion

Summer Food Service Program (SFSP)

Provides free meals and snacks to children under age 18 when school is not in session

Department of Education

2.6 million children and youth (Average daily attendance)

$482 Million

 

Senior Farmers’ Markets Nutrition Program (SFMNP)

*SFMNP operates in 42 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and seven Indian Tribal Organizations

Provides low-income seniors with coupons that can be exchanged for eligible foods at farmers’ markets, roadside stands, and community supported agriculture programs

Department of Aging; Department of Agriculture; Department of Health; Department of Human Service

816,207 in FY16

$20.3 Million in FY16

Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program

Provides free fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the school day in elementary schools

Department of Education

N/A

$17.2 Million

Special Milk Program

Provides milk to children in schools and childcare institutions not participating in other child nutrition programs

Department of Education

41 million half-pints per month

(Individuals served not calculated)

$8 Million

The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

Makes commodity food available to State agencies, which in turn distribute the food to non-profit community agencies which assist low-income persons

Department of Agriculture; Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

824 million pounds of food distributed

(Individuals served not calculated)

$661 Million

Commodity Supplemental Food Assistance Program (CSFP)

*CSFP operates in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and three Indian Tribal Organizations. 

Provides commodity foods to low-income elderly persons at least 60 years of age. Women, infants, and children who were certified and receiving CSFP benefits as of February 6, 2014 can continue to receive assistance until they are no longer eligible under the program rules in effect on February 6, 2014.

Department of Agriculture; Department of Education; Department of Health; Department of Human Services

630,000 individuals

$204 Million

 

 

 

 

Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)

Provides commodity foods to low-income households, including the elderly, living on Indian reservations and to Native American families residing near reservations

Individual Tribal Authorities

90,000 individuals

$122 million