Child Support 101 is a compilation of online documents that explain the child support process and services.
It is divided into three series: state functions, enforcement and family centered services. The first series, Child Support 101: State Functions, offers information about state child support administration and the basics of child support. The second series, Child Support 101.2: Enforcement, features a collection of documents explaining the many aspects of and options for enforcement of child support. Child Support 101.3: Family Centered Services, the third of the series, is not yet available but will address various issues including child support prevention, fatherhood programs and economic stability. You may view the full contents of this project by visiting the comprehensive table of contents.
States with technological advances conduct much of the enforcement of a child support obligations with automated systems. For example, when reaching a threshold amount of arrears occurs, the automated system initiates administrative enforcement actions available in the state, such as automatic income withholding, license revocation, and referrals to the state or federal agencies for tax refund intercept programs. States with less automation rely on caseworkers to interview involved individuals, use personal contacts, make telephone collection calls, use billing systems, and produce delinquency notices. Use of a particular collection technique depends on the individual facts and circumstances of a case, such as past payment history, age of the established obligation, date since the last payment was received, location, income, and resources available to the noncustodial parent. These administrative and non-judicial enforcement techniques can minimize the use of court personnel and attorneys. Unsuccessful use of these enforcement techniques requires the IV-D agency to use its administrative authority or a court's authority to quickly enforce the obligation and establish regular payments.
For more information or to request technical assistance on state or federal child support policies and programs, please send a message to Children & Families staff. As a membership organization serving state legislators and legislative staff, we do not respond to inquiries or provide legal advice related to individual child support or family law cases.