Early Care and Education 2020 State Legislative Action Report

3/9/2021

early education boy

Overview

Each year, legislatures across the country consider hundreds of bills aimed at improving the lives of young children and their families. The National Conference of State Legislatures’ Early Care and Education team tracks introduced and enacted legislation on child care subsidy and quality; early childhood financing; early childhood governance; home visiting; prekindergarten and school readiness; the prenatal period, infants and toddlers; early care and education workforce; and ‘other’ to capture relevant legislation not falling into one of these categories.

State legislators introduced approximately 604 bills with approximately 57 bills in 21 states signed into law. Significantly fewer bills were introduced and enacted in 2020 due to legislative session disruptions caused by the pandemic. As many as 24 states suspended or adjourned their legislative sessions by mid-April due to health and safety concerns. Legislators from 23 states and three US territories reconvened for special sessions later in the year mostly focused on responding to COVID-19.

Early Childhood Policies, Programs Remain Priorities

Despite the unique hurdles of 2020 legislative sessions, the 57 enacted bills outlined in this report signal that early childhood policies and programs remain priorities for many state lawmakers. Child care legislation accounted for over half of these enacted bills that focused on increasing health and safety standards and expanding access to child care. Six states passed legislation related to background checks. Legislation in several states—Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Virginia and Vermont—aimed to stabilize the child care field amid the ongoing public health crisis with targeted funding to the early childhood workforce. States also prioritized early educators by increasing compensation (Florida HB 5001, Washington HB 2619), aligning credentials (Colorado HB20-1053) and expanding affordable professional development opportunities (Washington HB 2556).

Several states took steps to measure and improve the quality of early learning in state-funded prekindergarten classrooms. Legislation sought to reduce class sizes (Florida HB 5001), prohibit the use of expulsions and exclusionary discipline practices (Minnesota HF 33), incentivize providers to increase quality (Washington SB 6483), evaluate program effectiveness (Utah HB 99) and include early learning within school improvement plans (North Carolina HB 1050).

Policymakers also prioritized services for pregnant women, infants and toddlers in seven states. Legislators passed bills to support healthy births through increased access to prenatal care (New Jersey SB 2021) and doula services (Virginia HB 826). New York state lawmakers passed a comprehensive prenatal-to-three bill funding nutritional programs for women, infants and children; infant recovery centers; and early intervention services (SB 7500). Lawmakers in Florida (HB 5001) and Oklahoma (HB 4153) passed legislation to fund early intervention services for children under age 3 with developmental delays. Although 22 states considered home visiting legislation, none of these bills passed.

Legislators continue to grapple with the infrastructure and administration of programs serving young children and families. Six states passed bills altering the governance of early childhood programs and services. The Virginia legislature perhaps made the most sweeping changes with the creation of a new Office of the Children’s Ombudsman (SB 578) and mandate for a unified early childhood care and education system (HB 1012/SB 578). Louisiana extended the life of its Early Childhood Care and Education Commission (HB 251). Other bills transferred the administrative authority of early childhood initiatives between state offices (Hawaii HB 2543, Washington HB 2787), and established work groups or task forces to delve deeper into early childhood issues and provide recommendations (Virginia HB 826, Washington HB 2556 and HB 2711).

At least 11 states—Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia and Vermont—passed targeted funding measures to support early childhood programs. Legislators in Maine allowed communities to tap into an existing revenue source through tax increment financing to help cover costs for child care facilities (HP 1402) while New Mexico lawmakers created a brand new fund with an annual appropriation of $20 to $30 million dedicated to early childhood education and care.

More Bill-Tracking Information

Beyond the scope of early care and education, young children’s families and broader communities also influence their development. Please visit the following NCSL legislative databases for additional bill tracking information:

This report was prepared using StateNet, a legislative tracking database, to perform bill searches and analysis. Summaries provided in this document and in the 50-state, online Early Care and Education bill tracking searchable database are provided by StateNet and updated and revised by NCSL. LexisNexis Terms and Conditions

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To search this map, select a bill by topic (at left) to see states enacting laws and read more about each topic below.

This report provides an overview of significant enacted legislation in each state. It does not represent a comprehensive list of enacted bills and does not include all early care and education legislative enactments. This report does not contain bills with technical changes or all state budget appropriations bills.

Early Care and Education 2020 Legislation

Enacted Bills by Topic Map
The map shows the states that enacted a bill AK WA MT ND NH VT NY MI MN WI OH PA CT NJ RI MA NV OR ID WY SD IA IL IN MO NE HI CO TN AR KS UT CA DE MD WV KY FL SC TX DC AL MS LA OK AZ NC ME VA NM GA PR GU VI AS MP
 

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Child Care

Includes legislation relating to child care regulation, standards, background checks, health and safety, penalties and subsidies. In 2020, 15 states enacted a total of 36 pieces of child care related legislation.

Arizona SB 1504 Requires child care employees or anyone residing or working in a home-based child care setting to have a valid fingerprint clearance card before starting employment or volunteer work. 

Colorado SB20-126 Allows for the operation of a licensed family child care home within a homeowners’ association community.

Colorado HB20-1002 Creates a grant program to provide financial support to existing licensed child care facilities meeting certain requirements that are in danger of closing due to COVID-19. Creates a grant program for new and emerging child care providers to become operational, meet licensing requirements and expand access to licensed child care throughout the state. Also addresses Financing and Workforce.

Hawaii SB 2894 Expands the list of child care providers that are exempt from licensure or registration. Permits the Department of Education to require child care providers serving families receiving a child care subsidy to meet minimum federal health and safety standards. States that a caregiver or facility is responsible for providing the burden of proof to meet exemption. Clarifies circumstances under which the department would investigate an individual or child care facility reported to violate state law, including filing for a search warrant.

Iowa HB 2485 Creates an exception to the number of school-aged children allowed in home-based child care settings under certain conditions, including a public health emergency.

Idaho HB 457 Establishes an exception to the prohibition of sex offenders from living within 500 feet of a daycare if they reside in certain state-licensed facilities or shelters.

Idaho HB 549 Requires child care facilities to place infants alone, on their backs and in a crib when sleeping. Adds additional criminal offenses that would make an applicant ineligible for child care licensure. Revises the appeals process for a child care license suspension, revocation or denial.

Indiana HB 1264 Requires employees and volunteers of a child care facility to submit to a criminal history background check. Specifies that results of the background check may be used as grounds for denial or revocation of a child care license or eligibility for child care subsidy payments.

Indiana HB 1265 Requires child care facilities test drinking water for lead levels every two years and take action to reduce levels if testing indicates a level of lead at or above a certain level.

Indiana SB 238 Requires faith-based child care settings to have at least one individual who maintains a CPR certification present at all times. Requires caregiving employees and volunteers to maintain current first aid certification. Amends the definition of “early intervention services” to include additional services and qualified personnel. Also addresses Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

Kentucky SB 40 Requires employees, volunteers and interns within child care facilities to submit to national and state fingerprint-based background checks.

Kentucky SB 45 Requires the Cabinet for Health and Family Services to establish standards for licensed child care centers related to nutrition, physical activity, screen time and sugary drinks. Requires the adoption of these standards by licensed child care centers.

Kentucky SB 102 Reduces the number of children cared for in a nonresidential child care setting from seven to four to be defined as a “child care center.” Specifies that a “family child-care home” is the primary residence of the person providing care.

Louisiana HB 474 Requires child care providers to complete an annual training on mandatory reporter laws. Also addresses Workforce.

Minnesota HF 4531/SF 4451 Appropriates up to $450,000 for the state child care resource and referral program to administer emergency grants to licensed child care providers meeting specific eligibility requirements. Requires providers to prioritize care for children of essential workers through Dec. 31, 2020, or until the peacetime public health emergency ends, whichever is first, and to use health and safety practices that prevent the spread of COVID-19 in child care environments. Also addresses Financing and Workforce.

Minnesota HF 11 Expands the definition of providers and clarifies the authority to waive requirements during a declared disaster for the child care assistance program. Requires a uniform application form for family child care variance requests. Specifies eligibility and clarifies provisions for child care services grants. Clarifies the definition of supervision in child care center settings and requirements for background checks of child care providers. Clarifies training requirements for family and group family child care providers and specifies child care providers as mandatory reporters of child maltreatment. Establishes a multidisciplinary child protection team allowed to provide education, resources and consultation to local agencies. Also addresses Financing, Governance, and Workforce.

Minnesota HF 41 Increases child care assistance reimbursement rates to be the greater of (1) the 30th percentile of the most recent child care provider rate survey or (2) the rates in effect at the time of the update. Directs the Department of Human Services to consider certain factors when allocating additional funds due to the increased rates. Also addresses Financing.

Nebraska LB 1185 Requires child care staff and anyone residing in a family child care home to submit to criminal background checks before a child care provider can participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program. 

New Jersey SB 698/AB 2060 Allows public office holder or candidate to use political contributions to pay for child care expenses related to office or campaign activities.

Utah HB 119 Clarifies provisions relating to a background check of an individual associated with a child care facility, program or provider.

Virginia HB 600/SB 593 Requires that during hours of operation, all firearms in a home-based child care setting be stored unloaded in a locked compartment or cabinet, and that all ammunition be stored in a separate locked container. The bill requires that the key or combination to such locked compartments be inaccessible to all children in the home.

Virginia HB 799/SB 393 Requires programs that serve preschool-age children, including licensed child care, to develop and implement a plan to test potable water for lead levels. Water testing plans and results must be reviewed by the Commissioner of Social Services and the Department of Health’s Office of Drinking Water. Stipulates that if testing indicates a level of lead at or above a certain level, the program shall implement remediation measures, retest the water and resubmit the results for review.

Virginia HB 997/SB 675 Extends requirements for fingerprint-based background checks for child care employees, volunteers and anyone residing in home-based child care settings.

Virginia HB 1235/SB 927 Requires child care providers within religious institutions who are exempt from licensure requirements to adhere to staff-to-child ratios based on the age of the youngest child under their care.

Virginia SB 71 Prohibits possession of a firearm during operating hours on the property of a public, private or religious preschool or licensed child day center. Specifies that this does not apply to a person whose residence is on the property of the preschool or child care center. Allows religious or private preschools, and licensed child care centers to hire an armed security officer.

Virginia SB 430 Asserts that, absent a court order, a minor’s child care records shall not be withheld from a parent regardless of whether the parent has custody of the child.

Virginia SB 668 Requires child care employees and volunteers to submit to a criminal history background check and sex offender registry check in any state in which the applicant has resided in the preceding five years.

Virginia HB 5005 Appropriates funding for the child care industry, provision of child care and stabilization grants for child care providers and local community partnerships during the COVID-19 emergency and for child care for certain Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients. Also addresses Financing, Prekindergarten/School readiness, and Workforce.

Virginia HB 1012/SB 578 Requires the Board of Education to establish a statewide unified public-private system for early childhood care and education and a uniform quality rating and improvement system. Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to establish a plan to implement the statewide unified early childhood care and education system. Transfers the authority to license and to regulate child day programs and other agencies from the Board of Social Services and Department of Social Services to the Board of Education and Department of Education. Also addresses Governance.

Vermont HB 742 Permits changes to child care licensing regulations to support children and families who receive state benefits and services. Allows continued child care operations with a reduced workforce and flexible staffing arrangements that are responsive to evolving needs during the declared state of emergency as a result of COVID-19. Grants at least .5% of the Child Care Financial Assistance Program appropriation to assist child care programs at risk of closure due to financial hardship while the state of emergency related to COVID-19 is in effect.

Vermont SB 352 Authorizes the use of the Coronavirus Relief Fund for a stabilization program for in-home and center-based child care providers and preschools. Also addresses Financing.

Washington HB 2456 Extends the grace period for families experiencing homelessness to 12 months to meet requirements for the state’s child care subsidy program.

Washington HB 2556 Requires the implementation of an affordable and community-based instructional program for early learning providers to meet professional education requirements for child care licensure. Creates a work group to study the financial impacts of licensing regulations on child care businesses and the costs and benefits to child care providers that are associated with participation in the state’s quality rating and improvement system. Also addresses Governance and Workforce.

Washington HB 2619 Allows a family which is eligible for the state-funded prekindergarten program to maintain eligibility until their child starts kindergarten. Allows the Department of Children, Youth and Families to pay child care providers a subsidy rate that is equal to or higher than the provider’s private pay rate in order to support high-quality care and the implementation of health, safety and quality requirements. Requires recommendations to improve rural child care access to the legislature by Nov. 1, 2020. The recommendations must include estimated costs and any statutory changes necessary for implementation. Allows a child care license to be transferred to a new license in the event of a transfer of ownership of a child care operation. Establishes a pilot project to create a dual license for individuals to receive a combined foster care and child care license. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Washington SB 6483 Increases the time allowed for child care providers who serve families in the state-funded prekindergarten program and rate below a four on the state’s quality rating and improvement system to begin remedial activities to improve their rating. Stipulates that if providers do not achieve a rating of at least four following the remedial period, they are not eligible to receive state-funded support. Allows child care providers who do not rate at level three on the state’s quality rating and improvement system and serve families utilizing subsidies to continue to receive subsidy payments while completing remedial activities to improve their rating. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Washington SB 6540 Stipulates that a family’s 12-month eligibility period for child care subsidies starts on the date that child care is expected to begin.

Governance

Includes legislation relating to advisory councils and boards, study committees and systems. In 2020, six states enacted a total of 10 pieces of governance related legislation.

Colorado SB 214 Prohibits meetings and suspends certain reports submitted to existing legislative interim committees, including the early childhood and school readiness legislative commission, for one year. Limits the early childhood and school readiness legislative commission to hold a maximum of four meetings annually. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Hawaii HB 2543 Requires disclosure of students’ prior child care program or prekindergarten attendance to determine areas with the highest prekindergarten and child care program needs. Authorizes positions for the Preschool Open Doors Program and expands program eligibility. Removes public charter school prekindergarten programs from the administrative authority of the Executive Office on Early Learning and establishes that the State Public Charter School Commission has administrative authority over all state-funded early learning programs in public charter schools. Establishes a program to award grants for preschools and the preschool open doors special fund. Appropriates funds to expand the information technology system, to contract for and operate preschool and child care programs and to build pre-kindergarten and early learning services classrooms. Requires annual reporting regarding the revenues and expenditures of the early learning special fund. Also addresses Financing and Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Louisiana HB 251 Recreates the Early Childhood Care and Education Commission. Requires the Department of Education to provide updates on pilot programs to the commission.

Minnesota HF 11 Expands the definition of providers and clarifies the authority to waive requirements during a declared disaster for the child care assistance program. Requires a uniform application form for family child care variance requests. Specifies eligibility and clarifies provisions for child care services grants. Clarifies the definition of supervision in child care center settings and requirements for background checks of child care providers. Clarifies training requirements for family and group family child care providers and specifies child care providers as mandatory reporters of child maltreatment. Establishes a multidisciplinary child protection team allowed to provide education, resources and consultation to local agencies. Also addresses Financing, Child care, and Workforce.

Virginia HB 1012/SB 578 Requires the Board of Education to establish a statewide unified public-private system for early childhood care and education and a uniform quality rating and improvement system. Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to establish a plan to implement the statewide unified early childhood care and education system. Transfers the authority to license and to regulate child day programs and other agencies from the Board of Social Services and Department of Social Services to the Board of Education and Department of Education. Also addresses Child care.

Virginia HB 1301 Establishes the Office of the Children’s Ombudsman to (1) affect changes in policy, procedure and legislation; (2) educate the public; (3) investigate and review actions certain institutions; and (4) monitor and ensure compliance with relevant statutes, rules and policies regarding children’s protective services and foster child care.

Washington HB 2556 Requires the implementation of an affordable and community-based instructional program for early learning providers to meet professional education requirements for child care licensure. Creates a work group to study the financial impacts of licensing regulations on child care businesses and the costs and benefits to child care providers that are associated with participation in the state’s quality rating and improvement system. Also addresses Child care and Workforce.

Washington HB 2711 Requires multiple entities to collaboratively convene a work group to develop recommendations to meet the needs of students in foster care, experiencing homelessness or both from prekindergarten through postsecondary education. Specifies that the group will provide recommendations to specific individuals and offices in a final report by July 1, 2024.

Washington HB 2787 Completes the transfer of the early support for infants and toddlers program from the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction to the Department of Children, Youth and Families. Specifies requirements for appropriating and distributing program funds and services. Also addresses Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

Washington HB 2737 Specifies that the children’s mental health working group include a provider specializing in infant or early childhood mental health and a representative of early learning and child care providers. 

Prenatal/Infant/Toddler

Includes legislation relating to prenatal screening, maternal health, safety, intervention, child well-being and paid parental leave. In 2020, seven states enacted a total of eight pieces of prenatal/infant/toddler related legislation.

Florida HB 5001 Appropriates funds for prekindergarten to reduce class sizes, meet accountability standards, administer a progress monitoring assessment and to provide professional development and increase salaries for teachers. Appropriates funds to improve the quality of infant and toddler care and support auditory oral early intervention programs serving deaf infants and toddlers. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness and Financing.

Florida HB 1105 Authorizes circuit courts to create early childhood court programs to serve infants and toddlers in dependency court. Specifies requirements for programs. Permits the Office of the State Courts administrator to provide training and technical assistance, consultation for difficult cases and ongoing training for court teams and requires the office to contract to evaluate programs.

Indiana SB 238 Requires faith-based child care settings to have at least one individual who maintains a CPR certification present at all times. Requires caregiving employees and volunteers to maintain current first aid certification. Amends the definition of “early intervention services” to include additional services and qualified personnel. Also addresses Child care.

New Jersey SB 2021 Specifies that prescriptions for protein nutritional supplements and specialized infant formulas be filled with the generic equivalent unless noted by the prescription order. Appropriates funding for prenatal medical care for women who are ineligible for other state or federal health insurance programs.

New York SB 7500 Appropriates funds for the handicapped infants and toddlers program; services promoting safe infant sleep; the special supplemental nutrition program and nutritional services and education for women, infants and children; and grants to support infant recovery centers. Also address Financing.

Oklahoma HB 4153 Appropriates funds for early intervention and the Early Childhood Initiative. Also addresses Financing.

Virginia HB 826 Requires the Department of Medical Assistance Services to convene a work group to evaluate costs and benefits of amending the state plan to include medical assistance from a certified doula from pregnancy up to one year postpartum. Requires the work group to develop recommendations related to an appropriate reimbursement rate for doula services and to report findings and recommendations to designated entities.

Washington HB 2787 Completes the transfer of the early support for infants and toddlers program from the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction to the Department of Children, Youth and Families. Specifies requirements for appropriating and distributing program funds and services. Also addresses Governance.

Workforce

Includes legislation on teacher training requirements, certification, professional development and workforce matters. In 2020, five states enacted a total of seven pieces of  workforce related legislation.

Colorado HB20-1002 Creates a grant program to provide financial support to existing licensed child care facilities meeting certain requirements that are in danger of closing due to COVID-19. Creates a grant program for new and emerging child care providers to become operational, meet licensing requirements and expand access to licensed child care throughout the state. Also addresses Child Care and Financing.

Colorado HB20-1053 Requires state agencies to align multiple early childhood credential and licensing systems. Requires development of resources to increase concurrent enrollment opportunities and support career pathways to becoming an early childhood educator. Allows for technical assistance and financial incentives to help early childhood care providers advance or maintain at least a level 3 rating on the state’s quality rating and improvement system.

Louisiana HB 474 Requires child care providers to complete an annual training on mandatory reporter laws. Also addresses Child care.

Minnesota HF 4531/SF 4451 Appropriates up to $450,000 for the state child care resource and referral program to administer emergency grants to licensed child care providers meeting specific eligibility requirements. Requires providers to prioritize care for children of essential workers through Dec. 31, 2020, or until the peacetime public health emergency ends, whichever is first, and to use health and safety practices that prevent the spread of COVID-19 in child care environments. Also addresses Financing and Child care.

Minnesota HF 11 Expands the definition of providers and clarifies the authority to waive requirements during a declared disaster for the child care assistance program. Requires a uniform application form for family child care variance requests. Specifies eligibility and clarifies provisions for child care services grants. Clarifies the definition of supervision in child care center settings and requirements for background checks of child care providers. Clarifies training requirements for family and group family child care providers and specifies child care providers as mandatory reporters of child maltreatment. Establishes a multidisciplinary child protection team allowed to provide education, resources and consultation to local agencies. Also addresses Financing, Governance, and Child care.

Virginia HB 5005 Appropriates funding for the child care industry, provision of child care and stabilization grants for child care providers and local community partnerships during the COVID-19 emergency and for child care for certain Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients. Also addresses Child care, Financing,and Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Washington HB 2556 Requires the implementation of an affordable and community-based instructional program for early learning providers to meet professional education requirements for child care licensure. Creates a work group to study the financial impacts of licensing regulations on child care businesses and the costs and benefits to child care providers that are associated with participation in the state’s quality rating and improvement system. Also addresses Governance and Child care.

Financing

Includes legislation relating to pay-for-success, tax credits, and funding mechanisms. In 2020, 11 states enacted a total of 13 pieces of financing related legislation.

Colorado HB20-1002 Creates a grant program to provide financial support to existing licensed child care facilities meeting certain requirements that are in danger of closing due to COVID-19. Creates a grant program for new and emerging child care providers to become operational, meet licensing requirements and expand access to licensed child care throughout the state. Also addresses Child Care and Workforce.

Florida HB 5001 Appropriates funds for prekindergarten to reduce class sizes, meet accountability standards, administer a progress monitoring assessment and to provide professional development and increase salaries for teachers. Appropriates funds to improve the quality of infant and toddler care and support auditory oral early intervention programs serving deaf infants and toddlers. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness and Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

Hawaii HB 2543 Requires disclosure of students’ prior child care program or prekindergarten attendance to determine areas with the highest prekindergarten and child care program needs. Authorizes positions for the Preschool Open Doors Program and expands program eligibility. Removes public charter school prekindergarten programs from the administrative authority of the Executive Office on Early Learning and establishes that the State Public Charter School Commission has administrative authority over all state-funded early learning programs in public charter schools. Establishes a program to award grants for preschools and the preschool open doors special fund. Appropriates funds to expand the information technology system, to contract for and operate preschool and child care programs and to build pre-kindergarten and early learning services classrooms. Requires annual reporting regarding the revenues and expenditures of the early learning special fund. Also addresses Governance and Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Maine HB 1402 Expands tax increment financing to include certain child care facilities.

Minnesota HF 4531/SF 4451 Appropriates up to $450,000 for the state child care resource and referral program to administer emergency grants to licensed child care providers meeting specific eligibility requirements. Requires providers to prioritize care for children of essential workers through Dec. 31, 2020, or until the peacetime public health emergency ends, whichever is first, and to use health and safety practices that prevent the spread of COVID-19 in child care environments. Also addresses Child care and Workforce.

Minnesota HF 11 Expands the definition of providers and clarifies the authority to waive requirements during a declared disaster for the child care assistance program. Requires a uniform application form for family child care variance requests. Specifies eligibility and clarifies provisions for child care services grants. Clarifies the definition of supervision in child care center settings and requirements for background checks of child care providers. Clarifies training requirements for family and group family child care providers and specifies child care providers as mandatory reporters of child maltreatment. Establishes a multidisciplinary child protection team allowed to provide education, resources and consultation to local agencies. Also addresses Child care, Governance, and Workforce.

Minnesota HF 41 Increases child care assistance reimbursement rates to be the greater of (1) the 30th percentile of the most recent child care provider rate survey or (2) the rates in effect at the time of the update. Directs the Department of Human Services to consider certain factors when allocating additional funds due to the increased rates. Also addresses Child care.

New York SB 7500 Appropriates funds for the handicapped infants and toddlers program; services promoting safe infant sleep; the special supplemental nutrition program and nutritional services and education for women, infants and children; and grants to support infant recovery centers. Also address Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

New Mexico HB 83 Creates the early childhood education and care fund and early childhood education and care program fund. Appropriates $20 million to 30 million annually for the early childhood education and care program fund. Requires that any excess funding from the Mineral Leasing Act and the excess extraction taxes suspense fund be distributed to the early childhood education and care fund.

Oklahoma HB 4153 Appropriates funds for early intervention and the Early Childhood Initiative. Also addresses Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

Utah HB 99 Requires the state board contract with an independent evaluator to assess the home-based educational technology program for preschool children and that the evaluation includes scores from a specific assessment. Also addresses Prekindergarten/School readiness.

Virginia HB 5005 Appropriates funding for the child care industry, provision of child care and stabilization grants for child care providers and local community partnerships during the COVID-19 emergency and for child care for certain Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients. Also addresses Child care, Prekindergarten/School readiness, and Workforce.

Vermont SB 352 Authorizes the use of the Coronavirus Relief Fund for a stabilization program for in-home and center-based child care providers and preschools. Also addresses Child care.

Prekindergarten/School Readiness

Includes legislation on early childhood education programs, school readiness, preschool and assessments. In 2020, nine states enacted a total of 11 pieces of   prekindergarten/school readiness related legislation.

Colorado SB 214 Prohibits meetings and suspends certain reports submitted to existing legislative interim committees, including the early childhood and school readiness legislative commission, for one year. Limits the early childhood and school readiness legislative commission to hold a maximum of four meetings annually. Also addresses Governance.

Florida HB 5001 Appropriates funds for prekindergarten to reduce class sizes, meet accountability standards, administer a progress monitoring assessment and to provide professional development and increase salaries for teachers. Appropriates funds to improve the quality of infant and toddler care and support auditory oral early intervention programs serving deaf infants and toddlers. Also addresses Financing and Prenatal/Infant/Toddler.

Florida SB 156 Extends the expiration of the Early Childhood Music Education Incentive Pilot Program. Requires the University of Florida’s College of Education to collaborate with Florida International University’s School of Music to evaluate the program and share results with the Florida Center for Partnerships in Arts-Integrated Teaching.

Hawaii HB 2543 Requires disclosure of students’ prior child care program or prekindergarten attendance to determine areas with the highest prekindergarten and child care program needs. Authorizes positions for the Preschool Open Doors Program and expands program eligibility. Removes public charter school prekindergarten programs from the administrative authority of the Executive Office on Early Learning and establishes that the State Public Charter School Commission has administrative authority over all state-funded early learning programs in public charter schools. Establishes a program to award grants for preschools and the preschool open doors special fund. Appropriates funds to expand the information technology system, to contract for and operate preschool and child care programs and to build pre-kindergarten and early learning services classrooms. Requires annual reporting regarding the revenues and expenditures of the early learning special fund. Also addresses Financing and Governance.

Indiana HB 1066 Permits a participating innovation network charter school that reconstitutes or establishes an eligible school to limit new kindergarten admissions to preschool students who attend a Level 3 or Level 4 Paths to QUALITY Preschool Program if the charter school and preschool have an agreement to share services or facilities.

Minnesota HF 33 Permits public schools to request documentation that verifies that a student meets age requirements for prekindergarten admission. Eliminates disciplinary expulsions and exclusions of prekindergarten program students except under certain circumstances and outlines requirements for nonexclusionary discipline practices. Requires the establishment of prekindergarten scholarship application timelines to meet operational needs of eligible families and programs. Requires that school districts or special education cooperatives and county and tribal health and human service agencies establish an Interagency Early Intervention Committee including representatives of various public service fields for children with disabilities under age five and their families.

North Carolina HB 1050 Requires the State Board of Education to identify low-performing schools annually and develop and publicly share a plan to improve performance grades and growth scores for each of these schools in the school administrative unit. Requires that comprehensive needs assessments for low-performing local school administrative units include an analysis of early childhood learning.

Utah HB 99 Requires the state board contract with an independent evaluator to assess the home-based educational technology program for preschool children and that the evaluation includes scores from a specific assessment. Also addresses Financing.

Virginia HB 5005 Appropriates funding for the child care industry, provision of child care and stabilization grants for child care providers and local community partnerships during the COVID-19 emergency and for child care for certain Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients. Also addresses Child care, Financing, and Workforce.

Washington HB 2619 Allows a family which is eligible for the state-funded prekindergarten program to maintain eligibility until their child starts kindergarten. Allows the Department of Children, Youth and Families to pay child care providers a subsidy rate that is equal to or higher than the provider’s private pay rate in order to support high-quality care and the implementation of health, safety and quality requirements. Requires recommendations to improve rural child care access to the legislature by Nov. 1, 2020. The recommendations must include estimated costs and any statutory changes necessary for implementation. Allows a child care license to be transferred to a new license in the event of a transfer of ownership of a child care operation. Establishes a pilot project to create a dual license for individuals to receive a combined foster care and child care license. Also addresses Child care.

Washington SB 6483 Increases the time allowed for child care providers who serve families in the state-funded prekindergarten program and rate below a four on the state’s quality rating and improvement system to begin remedial activities to improve their rating. Stipulates that if providers do not achieve a rating of at least four following the remedial period, they are not eligible to receive state-funded support. Allows child care providers who do not rate at level three on the state’s quality rating and improvement system and serve families utilizing subsidies to continue to receive subsidy payments while completing remedial activities to improve their rating. Also addresses Child care.