NCSL Early Care and Education Quarterly E-Update

 

IN THIS ISSUE

Recent NCSL Early Care and Education Publications

NCSL’s Early Care and Education project periodically hosts webinars, creates new reports, new webpages and pens articles. Here are some of the most recent projects that might be helpful and relevant to the work you do.

Webpage: Early Learning Fellows | Class Five
This new webpage provides an overview and main access point for all items related to our fifth class of the NCSL Early Learning Fellows Program. Visit the NCSL webpage to learn about the participants, topics to be covered during the two face-to-face meetings and two webinars, as well as blog posts and legislative corners highlighting the program participants. 

2016 Legislative Session Update

young boy playing with lettered wooden blocksThe Early Care and Education database tracks and updates early care and education legislation from the 2008-2016 legislative sessions for the 50 states and territories. Issues include child care and child care financing, early childhood services, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers, and financing early education. Legislation can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. This database, which is updated weekly, is made possible by the generous support of the Alliance for Early Success.

View the full 2016 legislative calendar for all states and the territories, including states that have year-round sessions and states in special sessions.

The 2016 legislative sessions are winding down or have ended for many states. More than 600 early education bills were introduced and more than 60 bills have been enacted to date.

A full report of all enacted 2016 legislation will be completed this winter. Visit our database to view all introduced and enacted bills from 2008 through 2016.

Enacted bills of note:

  • CO SB 22 | Senator Martinez Humenik (R) |  Currently, participation in the pilot program to mitigate the cliff effect for low-income families who are working and receiving child care assistance is limited to up to 10 counties. The bill removes that restriction and allows the executive director of the Department of Human Services, subject to available appropriations, to select additional counties to participate in the program.
  • NE LB 889 | Senator Heath Mello (D) |  Creates the School Readiness Tax Credit which allows certain early care and education providers to receive a refundable credit and certain early care and education programs to receive a non-refundable credit.
  • NH HB 1145 | Representative Mary Gile (D) |  Establishes a committee to study suspensions and expulsions of children in licensed preschools and in kindergarten through grade 3.
  • VA HB 47 | (Delegate Thomas “Tag” Greason (R) |  Establishes the Mixed-Delivery Preschool Services Fund and Grant Program to award six two-year grants on a competitive basis to urban, suburban, and rural communities for applicants to field-test innovative strategies and evidence-based practices that support a robust system of mixed-delivery preschool services.

Early Learning Fellows Program Update

early learning fellows logo in blue background with capitol domeThe fifth class of NCSL Early Learning Fellows program is officially underway. After a rigorous application and selection process the 2016 class of fellows is made up of 24 legislators, five legislative staff. Together they represent 18 states and the District of Columbia.

In mid-January, NCSL sent letters to the leadership office in nearly every state requesting nominations of those legislators or legislative staff members who would make strong appointments to the fellows program. The nominations process this year yielded a total of 110 nominations. Of those 110, a total of 48 people submitted applications to the selection committee. It was thrilling to receive such a positive response.

The program year will kick off with a face-to-face meeting in Omaha, Neb., May 18-20. A second face-to-face meeting will take place in Chicago, Aug. 7-8. Additionally, we will host webinars on Thursday, June 30, and Thursday, Sept. 15, at 2 p.m. ET / 11 a.m. PT. The webinar topics are Equity Starts Early: Strategies to Consider in Promoting High-Quality Early Education and Linking Social-Emotional Skills in Children to Long-Term Success in Life respectively.

Anticipate continued information about the programming offered to the fifth class of Early Learning Fellows through the NCSL Blog and future ECE e-updates.

Information Request of the Month: Federal Background Check and Child Care Workers

Inquiry: The request asked about the number of states that require child care workers to submit to a federal fingerprint background check.

Response: NCSL was able to confirm the number of states that require FBI (federal) fingerprints for providers (center and family) included in the chart below.

States requiring FBI fingerprint background checks (based on 2014-15 CCDF State Plans)

 

Licensed

Unlicensed

Center-based care

42 and DC

23 and DC

AL, AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, WA, WV, WI, WY

AL, AK, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, MA, MT, NH, NM, NC, OR, PA, UT, WV, WI

Family child care

40 and DC

23 and DC

AL, AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, HI, IL, IN, IA, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NV, NH, NM, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, WA, WV, WI, WY

AL, AK, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, MA, MT, NH, NM, NC, OR, PA, UT, WV, WI

According to a recent reportbased on 2014 information, 15 states and D.C. conduct comprehensive background checks–Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah and Washington. In 2015, Virginia was added to this list.

The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services  database shows which states provide criminal background checks for child care centers, including criminal history records, child abuse and neglect registry, fingerprints (might include state and FBI), sex offender registry and criminal status.

School Chiefs Release a Report on Improving Early Learning

More than half of low-income children, compared to one quarter of their more affluent peers, lack the skills necessary to start school ready to learn and these disparities seem to widen over time. A recent report, “Equity Starts Early: How Chiefs Will Build High-Quality Early Education,” frames high quality early childhood as a key strategy for promoting equitable educational opportunity and turning the curve on the achievement gap. The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) has identified five key policy areas that can help close the achievement gap and also improve early childhood programs:

  1. Engage families and communities in early learning.
  2. Connect early childhood programs and elementary schools.
  3. Accelerate improvement and innovation in early childhood programs.
  4. Build a high performing early childhood workforce.
  5. Increase investment to provide quality, voluntary early childhood education for all time children.

The five recommendations are broken down into steps chief state school officers can take and the report highlights state leadership policy examples. Mark your calendars and participate in an upcoming NCSL webinar that will examine CCSSO’s report, highlight state examples and hear from leaders who are working on one or more of the recommendations.

Equity Starts Early: Strategies to Consider in Promoting High-Quality Early Education
Thursday, June 30, at 2 p.m. ET / 1 p.m. CT / Noon MT / 11 a.m. PT.

Federal Update and Resources

Early Childhood Career Pathways: Draft Policy Statement
Early in May the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released a draft policy statement on early childhood career pathways. The purpose of the policy statement is to put a focus on lead teachers. The brief includes information “that will create meaningful career advancement pathways with the supports individuals need” to improve their professional practice and increase their level of education. View the Draft Policy Statement on Early Childhood Career Pathways.

State and Local Action to Prevent Expulsion and Suspension in Early Learning Settings
Another report released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services highlights steps that states and local communities are taking to address expulsion and suspension in early learning settings. The steps range from passing legislation, revising regulations, and expanding coaching programs for providers/teachers with an emphasis on early childhood mental health consultation. Read the full report online.

Mark Your Calendar

date of 2016 and an alarm clockLegislative Summit
NCSL’s Legislative Summit is the meeting where legislators and legislative staff come together to work on the nation's pressing issues, share experiences and influence federal policy. The 2016 Legislative Summit will be held Aug. 8-11 in Chicago. Registration for the 2016 Legislative Summit is now open.

Early Care and Education Webinar Series

State Preschool Programs: Annual Yearbook Update
Thursday, May 26, 2016 at 4 p.m. ETHear from Steve Barnett with the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) about the key findings from the annual State Preschool Yearbook. Register today and plan to join this exciting webinar which will highlight the data and national trends of the states focusing on quality and access, and the latest state spending numbers on preschool programs. REGISTER.

Equity Starts Early: Strategies to Consider in Promoting High-Quality Early Education
Thursday, June 30 at 2 p.m. ET. This webinar will examine the recent Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) report Equity Starts Early: How Chiefs Will Build High-Quality Early Educationand will include state examples. More information including how to register will be available shortly.

Linking Social-Emotional Skills in Children to Long-Term Success in Life
Thursday, Sept. 15, at 2 p.m. ET. This webinar will highlight the Johns Hopkins University/Baltimore Education Research Consortium study that measured the social-emotional skills of incoming kindergarten students. More information including how to register will be available shortly.

RESOURCES OF INTEREST

Does pre-K work? The research on 10 early childhood programs—and what it tells us

Source: American Enterprise Institute (AEI) | April 2016
This report examines 10 of the best-known, widely cited programs of the last half century: Abbott Preschool, Abecedarian, Boston Pre-K, Chicago Child-Parent Centers, Georgia Pre-K, Head Start, Nurse-Family Partnership, Oklahoma Pre-K, Perry Preschool, and Tennessee Voluntary Pre-K, and the research on those programs. Read the report.

State by State Fact Sheets: Child Care Assistance Policies 2015

Source: National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) | April 2016
These fact sheets have data about each state’s policies on income eligibility limits, waiting lists, parent copayments, reimbursement rates, tiered rates for higher-quality care, and eligibility for parents searching for a job. Read the fact sheets

We need more evidence in order to create effective pre-K programs

Source: Brookings | February 2016
Dale C. Farran, author of this new report, says the proposition that expanding pre-K will improve later achievement for children from low-income families is premature. Read the paper. In response to Farran’s report, a few researchers penned the following blog post “High quality preschools make good sense (cents): A response to Farran” in mid-March. Read the blog post.

Sustaining early childhood education gains

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis | February 2016
Research findings discussed during a 2015 conference at the Minneapolis Fed show there are levers available to keep the benefits of early learning programs going into later school years. Read the article

Two-Generation 101: An Overview of the Two-Generation Framework

Source: Ascend | on going
Ascend will host monthly webinars to provide an overview of the two-generation framework. Learn more, including how to register

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

The State of Preschool 2015

Source: National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) | May 2016
Read the report

From Best Practices to Breakthrough Impacts: A Science-Based Approach to Building a More Promising Future for Young Children and Families

Source: The Center on the Developing Child | Harvard University | April 2016
Read the report

Time to Act: Making Data Work for Students

Source: Data Quality Campaign | April 2016
Read the report

How Much Can High-Quality Universal Pre-K Reduce Achievement Gaps?

Source: Center for American Progress | April 2016
Read the report.

Tackling Economic Inequality, Boosting Opportunity: A Blueprint for Business

Source: Committee for Economic Development (CED) | April 2016
Read the report.

Build It Better: Indicators of Progress to Support Integrated Early Childhood Professional Development Systems

Source: NAEYC | March 2016
Read the report

Harnessing the Power of Parents to Support Our Youngest Learners: Why Businesses Should Support Parent Engagement in Early Childhood

Source: ReadyNation | March 2016
Read the report

Dual Language Learners: State Options Under the Every Student Succeeds Act

Source: NCSL | March 2016
Read the report

Child Care Assistance Spending and Participation in 2014

Source: CLASP | March 2016
Read the brief

State Approaches to Family Engagement in Pre-K Programs

Source: CEELO | March 2016
Read the policy brief.

Informing Investments in Preschool Quality and Access in Cincinnati

Source: RAND Corporation | March 2016
Read the report or read a blog about the report by Edweek. 

An Economist’s Case for Pre-K

Source: The Atlantic | March 2016
Read the article.

Directory of State Early Learning Contacts

Source: CEELO | March 2016
View the directory

Mentors for At-risk Mothers: Michigan Business Leaders Know It Pays to Invest Early

Source: ReadyNation | March 2016
Read the article.

Developmental Foundations of School Readiness for Infants and Toddlers: A Research to Practice Repor

Source: Network of infant/toddler Researchers & OPRE | February 2016
Read the report

Disparate Access: Head Start and CCDBG Data by Race and Ethnicity

Source: CLASP | February 2016
Read the report.

Financing High-Quality Infant-Toddler Care: Options and Opportunities

Source: Early Educator Central | 2015
Read the report.

Click to View the Spring 2016 e-update as a PDF