Violence and Injury: Strategies for Prevention

Unintentional and violence-related injuries—such as a head injury sustained in a motor vehicle crash, a prescription opioid drug overdose, a hip broken in a fall, a homicide or a suicide—are among the leading causes of death for Americans. For most young and middle-aged Americans, this means that traumatic injury or violence will more likely lead to death than cancer, heart disease, hypertension and influenza combined. State violence and injury prevention programs are key to ensuring that prevention strategies are implemented and that data are collected to evaluate strategies to ensure that intended effects occur.

This four-page PDF file is intended to help inform policymakers about the most pressing violence- and injury-related issues and the strategies that may be effective in reducing and preventing violence and injuries from occurring. These key issues and strategies are meant to provide background and information on the topics listed. If you have questions, need more information about how to address these issues in your state, or want examples of recent legislative action related to violence and injury prevention, visit NCSL’s Injury and Violence Prevention webpage or email

Violence and Injury: Strategies for Prevention 2013 (Four-page PDF file)