Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi

3/5/2015

Pregnant Teen PhotoMississippi had the third highest teen birth rate in the United States in 2012. More than 4,700 girls ages 15 through 19 gave birth—approximately 13 per day.

In 2010, the public cost of teen childbearing in Mississippi was $137 million.

The one-page briefs linked below explore teen pregnancy in Mississippi, its impact on education and the economy, and connection to child welfare and juvenile justice. The final brief provides policy options for state legislators to consider to prevent teen pregnancy.

Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi: Just the Facts

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While states have experienced significant declines in recent years, teen pregnancy and birth rates in the United States remain  among the highest in the industrialized world. In 2012, Mississippi had the third highest birth rate in the nation. Across the United States, roughly one in four teens will become pregnant at least once by their 20th birthday. One in five births to girls ages 15 through 19 is not the teen’s first.

Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi: Impact on Education and the Economy

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Teen pregnancy and childbearing affect the economic wellbeing of teen parents, their children and the state. Having a child in adolescence makes it more difficult for young people to achieve their educational, career and other life goals and affects the future prospects of their children—at considerable cost to taxpayers.

Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi: Connection to Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice

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Children born to teen parents are more likely to enter the child welfare or juvenile justice systems and to become teen parents themselves. Every year, thousands of youth in Mississippi enter one or both systems. Research shows that, nationwide, teens in foster care are more likely to become pregnancy and the children of teen mothers are twice as likely to be placed in foster care as their peers born to slightly older parents. Sons of teen mothers are 2.2 times more likely to be incarcerated than the sons of mothers aged 20 to 21. The cycle often repeats itself. 

Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi: State Policy Options

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Given the close relationship between teen pregnancy and educational achievement, economic wellbeing and child welfare, policies that affect one of these issues often influence the others as well. Taking steps to address high teen pregnancy and birth rates in Mississippi has potential to reduce high school dropout rates, improve educational attainment, boost tax contributions through higher earnings and improve the economy overall. Reducing births to adolescents also can help strengthen families, improve child wellbeing and assist young people in achieving their goals.

Additional Resources

NCSL Resources