State Public Health Legislation Database

12/1/2022

The National Conference of State Legislatures brings you up-to-date, real-time information about bills related to public health and infectious disease prevention that have been introduced in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

You can search legislation starting in 2021 by state, topic, keyword, year, status or primary sponsor using the state legislation database below.

Public health topics included in the database include infectious disease prevention and treatment, public health information and reporting, public health workforce and vaccines.

Bill information in the database is updated every two weeks. New measures are added as they are introduced or identified by NCSL staff.

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For faster performance, please use the fields below to filter your results. If you select nothing, the default search will pick up all topics and states in the most recent session year available. The full text of bills is available by clicking on the bill number. This feature is available for bills from 2015 and later.

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Topics                                   Description

Infectious Disease: HIV and STD Criminalization Reform State policies related to the criminalization of certain behaviors of people living with HIV and STDs.

Infectious Disease: School Based Prevention

State policies related to preventing transmission of infectious diseases in school-based settings. Examples include age-appropriate education standards, risk and youth behavioral surveys and other school-based prevention programs.

Infectious Disease: Screening

State policies increasing access to screening services for infectious diseases. Routine screening can lead to early detection of infectious diseases, potentially improving health outcomes for individuals and reducing the risk of transmission.

Infectious Disease: Syringe Service Programs

State polices related to syringe service programs (SSPs), also referred to as needle exchanges. Comprehensive SSPs provide sterile injection equipment, dispose of used syringes, provide vaccination and screening against infectious diseases and can connect people who inject drugs with substance use disorder treatment.

Infectious Disease: Treatment and Prevention

State policies increasing access to treatment and prevention services. Includes state policies to increase access to PrEP and PEP and curative treatment for hepatitis C, as well as policies improving provider knowledge of these treatment options.

Public Health: Information and Reporting

Legislation to support public health functions such as enhancing data sharing capacity in health information technology, electronic health records, health information exchange, interoperability and electronic data exchange generally across state health agencies and or health systems.

Public Health: Workforce

State policies related to the capacity of state public health agencies to address major public health concerns. Examples include workforce capacity, data management and reporting systems, contact tracing, limits on regulatory authority and other statutes.

Vaccines: Access

Legislation related to increasing access to any type of vaccine including state immunization programs, vaccination at community health centers and other settings.

Vaccines: Insurance and Workforce

Legislation related to provider authority for different provider types to administer vaccines, as well as legislation addressing the coverage of vaccines by private insurers.

Vaccines: Requirements

Legislation related to requirements or mandates for vaccines including school or college requirements, requirements for employees, proof of vaccination or immunity for entry (sometimes called vaccine passports) and exemptions for requirements.

Vaccines: Registries and Reporting

Legislation that addresses immunization information systems or registries, vaccine data reports to the legislature, interoperability with EHR, IIS, HIE and other health technology platforms.

Vaccines: Other

Legislation on vaccines that does not fall under the other vaccine categories such as vaccine liability, vaccine consent, vaccine incentives, etc.

Additional Resources