Injury Prevention Legislation Database | Opioid Abuse Prevention


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Through this interactive database, the National Conference of State Legislatures provides up-to-date information about injury prevention legislation that has been introduced or enacted in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Legislation is searchable by state, topic, keyword, year, status or primary sponsor.

Injury prevention topics related to prescription drug abuse include:

  • Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs
  • Prescribing Guidelines and Limits
  • Provider Education or Training
  • Rescue Drugs (i.e., Naloxone)
  • Pain Clinics and Pain Management
  • Other Prescription Drug Abuse Topics

The database also tracks four other injury and violence prevention topics:

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
  • Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Older Adult Falls
  • Teen Dating Violence
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

For more information on the topics, please see the table below the database. For injury prevention related to traffic safety, please see NCSL's State Traffic Safety Legislation Database. 


For faster performance, please use the fields below to filter your results. If you select nothing, the default search will pick up all topics and states in the most recent session year available. The full text of bills is available by clicking on the bill number. This feature is available for bills from 2015 and later.

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Bill Number

Database Topics

Guide to Injury Prevention Database
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Legislation related to preventing and mitigating potentially traumatic events that occur during childhood, including bills that address childhood trauma, child adversity, toxic stress or ACEs specifically.
Child Abuse and Neglect Legislation that focuses on prevention of child abuse and neglect. For more information on child welfare policies, such as foster care or legislation related to children in the child welfare system, please see NCSL's Child Welfare Enacted Legislation Database.
Older Adult Falls Legislation that aims to prevent falls among older adults. 
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Legislation related to state Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs)--electronic databases that track prescriptions of controlled substances--such as requirements for PDMP access and use. 
Prescribing Guidelines and Limits Legislation related to guidelines or limits for prescriptions of opioids, including limits to number of days or amount of morphine milligram equivalents (MME) for an opioid prescription.
Provider Training Legislation related to training or education for providers related to opioids, such as training in prescribing controlled substances, pain management and identifying substance use disorders.
Pain Clinics and Pain Management Legislation related to pain clinics or pain management facilities (e.g., licensing, regulation). May also include legislation related to access to pain management more broadly. 
Rescue Drugs Legislation related to access to opioid antagonists, or overdose reversal drugs (i.e., Naloxone).  For more information on drug overdose immunity and Good Samaritan laws, please see NCSL's web page
Other Prescription Drug Abuse Measures Other legislation related to prevention of prescription drug misuse and overdose. May include topics such as: task forces or study committees, opioid education in schools, prescription take-back programs, abuse-deterrant opioids, and awareness efforts.
Teen Dating Violence Legislation related to the prevention of violence in adolescent relationships. 
Traumatic Brain Injury Legislation focused on preventing traumatic brain injury, including policies related to youth athletes. 


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2019 Enacted Injury Prevention Legislation

NCSL works in cooperation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to bring you this database.

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