“State Highway Patrol Funding: Fiscal Year 2015” presents the findings from NCSL’s survey of state highway patrol fiscal officers, legislative fiscal offices and executive budget staff on the structure of state highway patrol funding and expenditure information for fiscal year 2015. It includes information on 49 states. Hawaii does not have a state level highway patrol. These functions are funded and performed at a county level, generally broken down by island.
- Twenty-five states use state highway fund dollars to fund the state highway patrol.
- Forty states use general fund monies to fund the state highway patrol.
- Seventeen states have considered legislation or state action to address state highway patrol funding in the past 10 years. Of these states, 14 considered an alternative or new funding source for the state patrol.
- Thirty-five states use a special fund or a dedicated revenue source to fund a portion of state highway patrol functions.
- Eleven states currently impose caps or rules limiting funding that can be received by the state highway patrol.
The functions and funding formulas of the state highway patrol are unique to the makeup of each state. This report seeks to provide an overview of the funding structure of state highway patrol departments and major reported expenditures. The report is organized by state, and the following appendices detail recent legislation and state actions to address state highway patrol funding, descriptions of specific taxes and dedicated revenue sources, and rules or caps imposed by states to limit certain funding sources, as well as detailed funding and expenditure data
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Source: Information for this report was gathered with cooperation from State Highway Patrol fiscal officers, the National Association of Legislative Fiscal Offices (NALFO) members, and executive budget staff.