Fiscal Policy


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Fiscal Responses to COVID-19

As the global and national response to coronavirus dominates public attention, state legislatures are taking steps to address budgetary and economic threats. This page outlines state legislation to prepare and respond to the coronavirus through supplemental appropriations, rainy day fund transfers and economic measures.  


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Fiscal Briefs

NCSL Fiscal Briefs are snapshots of timely state budget and tax issues. This month's brief reviews revenue actions taken during the Great Recession as states once again chart a course towards recovery.


Fiscal Policy


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FY 2021 State Budget Status

Forty-six states will begin fiscal year (FY) 2021 on July 1, 2020. New York begins its fiscal year on April 1, Texas begins its fiscal year on Sept. 1 and Alabama and Michigan begin theirs on Oct. 1. This webpage contains the current status of state budget enactments.



COVID-19 Fiscal Issues

View NCSL's recorded webinar to learn about state fiscal responses to the coronavirus outbreak, federal responses that may help states navigate the crisis, and what the economic crisis means for state governments.


Budget Charts

Fiscal Databases 

NCSL provides three searchable databases on fiscal issues including Tax Incentive Evaluations, State Tax Actions and Pension Legislation.


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Fiscal 50: State Trends and Analysis

Escape the annual budget bubble with data and expert insights from Fiscal 50, an interactive tool from The Pew Charitable Trusts. 


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Budgets and Revenue

One of eight standing committees, Budgets and Revenue is responsible for protecting the states' interests in federal decisions regarding fiscal matters including annual action on the federal budget.