Pest Control and Extermination Codes

States

Four states expressly refer to pest control: Colorado, Florida, New Hampshire, and Washington. Other states indirectly address it by requiring that the property be fit for habitation or that it be clean. Florida is unusual because it expressly addresses termites and bedbugs and puts the burden for extermination on the landlord. It also requires the tenant to leave the unit for four days after receiving written notice of a planned extermination.

Colorado

§ 38-12-505. Uninhabitable residential premises

(1) A residential premises is deemed uninhabitable if it substantially lacks any of the following characteristics:

(g) Appropriate extermination in response to the infestation of rodents or vermin throughout a residential premises.

Florida

83.51. Landlord's obligation to maintain premises

(2)(a) Unless otherwise agreed in writing, in addition to the requirements of subsection (1), the landlord of a dwelling unit other than a single-family home or duplex shall, at all times during the tenancy, make reasonable provisions for:

1. The extermination of rats, mice, roaches, ants, wood-destroying organisms, and bedbugs. When vacation of the premises is required for such extermination, the landlord shall not be liable for damages but shall abate the rent. The tenant shall be required to temporarily vacate the premises for a period of time not to exceed 4 days, on 7 days' written notice, if necessary, for extermination pursuant to this subparagraph.

New Hampshire

48-A:14 Minimum Standards Established.

No landlord, as defined by RSA 540-A:1, I, renting or leasing a residential dwelling in a municipality which has not adopted ordinances, codes or bylaws pursuant to this chapter shall maintain those rented premises in a condition in which:

I. The premises are infested by insects and rodents where the landlord is not conducting a periodic inspection and eradication program.

Washington

59.18.060. Landlord--Duties

The landlord will at all times during the tenancy keep the premises fit for human habitation, and shall in particular:

(4) Provide a reasonable program for the control of infestation by insects, rodents, and other pests at the initiation of the tenancy and, except in the case of a single family residence, control infestation during tenancy except where such infestation is caused by the tenant.

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