Biomonitoring: A Best Practices Report for State Legislators

Biomonitoring report coverMay 2010

pdf logoview PDF files, you must install Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Complete Report (48-page PDF)

Chemicals are everywhere in our environment—in the water we drink, the air we breathe, the foods we consume, and the products we use every day. Biomonitoring is the science of measuring what chemicals make their way into the human body and at what levels. It is an important step in understanding chemical exposures and measuring their potential health effects.

Policymakers can use biomonitoring information to identify at-risk communities, target resources to areas of need, and assess whether existing public health programs are effectively reducing citizens’ chemical exposures.

A number of choices must be made by state legislatures that are interested in establishing statewide or community-based biomonitoring programs. This report outlines these policy options, including program design and focus; protocols for data collection and use; community participation and outreach; partnerships; and determining how to leverage existing resources and strengthen laboratory infrastructure. The report also contains examples of state biomonitoring statutes and legislation, including legislative definitions of key terms.

Table of Contents

  • About the Authors
  • Introduction
  • Biomonitoring Policy Elements
  • Types of Programs
  • Program Focus
  • Program Design
  • Protocols and Guidelines
  • Community Participation and Outreach
  • Partnerships
  • Leveraging Existing Resources
  • Use of Biomonitoring Data
  • Laboratory Infrastructure
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
    A. Select Legislative Definitions
    B. Healthy Minnesotans Biomonitoring Program
    C. California Environmental Contaminant Biomonitoring Program
    D. Illinois Biomonitoring Feasibility Study
    E. Select State Biomonitoring Legislation
    • 2010 Maryland H.B. 181
    • 2007 Indiana H.B. 1473
    • 2007 Tennessee S.B. 878
  • Notes