Nuclear Power Unplugged

NCSL Nuclear Resources

Thirty-One States with Nuclear Reactors

  1. Alabama
  2. Arkansas
  3. Arizona
  4. California
  5. Connecticut
  6. Florida
  7. Georgia
  8. Illinois
  9. Iowa
  10. Kansas
  11. Louisiana
  12. Maryland
  13. Massachusetts
  14. Michigan
  15. Minnesota
  16. Mississippi
  17. Missouri
  18. Nebraska
  19. New Hampshire
  20. New Jersey
  21. New York
  22. North Carolina
  23. Ohio
  24. Pennsylvania
  25. South Carolina
  26. Tennessee
  27. Texas
  28. Vermont
  29. Virginia
  30. Washington
  31. Wisconsin

Source: National Energy Institute

Nuclear FacilityThere are currently 104 nuclear reactors in 31 states providing about 20 percent of the nation’s electricity, according to the Nuclear Energy Institute. Concerns around safety, waste disposal and unrestrained costs, however, along with opposition from environmentalists, have restricted construction of new plants. Minnesota has banned all construction of new nuclear power facilities, and 12 other states have set the following conditions on any new construction.

  • Must first identify an effective technology or means for disposing or reprocessing of high-level waste. *West Virginia and Wisconsin also require proof that the construction will be economically feasible for ratepayers.
  • Must identify an effective technology or means for high-level waste disposal or reprocessing or must be approved by the state legislature.
  • Must be approved by the state legislature.
  • Must identify an effective technology or means for high-level waste disposal or reprocessing and must be approved by the voters.
  • Must be approved by the voters and the legislature if certain conditions are met.  


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