Energy  sources collage.

2021 Legislative Energy Trends

This new NCSL report examines state legislative action in 2021, highlighting trends in state energy policy and identifying topics likely to take priority in 2022 and beyond.


Electric grid.

2021-2022 Energy Security State Legislative Review: Cybersecurity and Physical Security

NCSL's Energy Security State Legislative Review outlines relevant legislation aimed at bolstering the security of states’ energy infrastructure. Part 1 of 3.





Image depicting the electric grid and cybersecurity.

FEMA Funding for Energy Resilience: Highlighting the Role of State Legislatures

Key Considerations for Securing Funding Through the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) Program and the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)


Pipelines in a Fall landscape.

Special Fees on Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

Many states face declining gas tax revenue—not only because of electric vehicles—forcing state policymakers to consider other ways to pay for the nation’s transportation infrastructure. One growing policy trend is applying a separate registration fee for certain hybrid or electric vehicles. These fees come in addition to standard motor vehicle registration fees and proponents support the fees to bring equity among drivers by ensuring all drivers pay for using roadways.


renewable energy worker.

Electricity Markets: A Primer for State Legislators

This primer aims to offer state policymakers an unbiased, brief and straightforward review of electricity markets in the U.S. It explores the traditional regulatory models that prevented competition, the movement to drive down prices through competitive markets and an overview of the organizations and structures that emerged from the upheaval.


NCSL Database

Energy Bill Tracking

This NCSL database features bills relating to climate change, energy efficiency, energy security, financing energy projects, fossil energy, green jobs, renewable energy and alternative transportation fuels.


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Energy Resources 

The NCSL Energy Program posts its many policy resources online. Feel free to view our publications, legislative summaries, newsletters, presentations from past meetings, and webinar recordings.