Electric vehicle charing.

Special Fees on Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

Many states face declining gas tax revenue—not only because of electric vehicles—forcing state policymakers to consider other ways to pay for the nation’s transportation infrastructure. One growing policy trend is applying a separate registration fee for certain hybrid or electric vehicles. These fees come in addition to standard motor vehicle registration fees and proponents support the fees to bring equity among drivers by ensuring all drivers pay for using roadways.


Electric pylons and transmission lines against dark sky.

2020-2021 Legislative Energy Trends

State legislatures play a pivotal role in America’s energy mix and in 2020 considered a variety of energy policies that support the evolving energy sector and protect critical energy infrastructure. This white paper examines state legislative action in 2020, highlighting trends in state energy policy and identifying topics that are likely to take priority in 2021 and beyond.

Summit 2021




Image depicting the electric grid and cybersecurity.

Energy Emergencies | Tribal-State Coordination in Planning and Response

Emergency planning and preparation among states, local governments and tribes ensures coordination processes are established and that tribes will have access to the resources and support necessary to respond to and recover from an emergency. This primer provides examples of state and tribal protocols that serve as potential models for coordination across jurisdictions prior to, during and after disasters occur. 


Pipelines in a Fall landscape.

Energy Emergencies | The State Legislative Role in Planning and Response

This primer outlines the role of state legislatures in preparing for and responding to energy emergencies. It also provides additional context around coordination between state and tribal governments during energy emergencies, and information about the roles of governors, state agencies and the federal government in coordinating responses.


renewable energy worker.

Energy Storage for a Modern Electric Grid: Technology Trends and State Policy Options

A significant transformation of the electric grid is currently underway, driven by the rapid growth of new energy technologies. This primer is designed to assist state lawmakers in understanding how energy storage technologies work, the benefits that storage can deliver to the electric grid, the current legal and regulatory barriers to adoption, and policy options for addressing those obstacles.


NCSL Database

Energy Bill Tracking

This NCSL database features bills relating to climate change, energy efficiency, energy security, financing energy projects, fossil energy, green jobs, renewable energy and alternative transportation fuels.


file cabinet

Energy Resources 

The NCSL Energy Program posts its many policy resources online. Feel free to view our publications, legislative summaries, newsletters, presentations from past meetings, and webinar recordings.