Energy  sources collage.

2021 Legislative Energy Trends

This new NCSL report examines state legislative action in 2021, highlighting trends in state energy policy and identifying topics likely to take priority in 2022 and beyond.


Electric pylons and transmission lines against dark sky.

Electricity Markets: A Primer for State Legislators

This primer aims to offer state policymakers an unbiased, brief and straightforward review of electricity markets in the U.S. It explores the traditional regulatory models that prevented competition, the movement to drive down prices through competitive markets and an overview of the organizations and structures that emerged from the upheaval.





Image depicting the electric grid and cybersecurity.

The Energy Policy Response to COVID-19

This new report examines how state governments responded to the COVID-19 pandemic, with an emphasis on policies that affect the energy sector. It also provides context and examples of policies and legislation some state legislatures are considering to ensure states are better prepared for future emergencies. 


Pipelines in a Fall landscape.

Special Fees on Plug-In Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

Many states face declining gas tax revenue—not only because of electric vehicles—forcing state policymakers to consider other ways to pay for the nation’s transportation infrastructure. One growing policy trend is applying a separate registration fee for certain hybrid or electric vehicles. These fees come in addition to standard motor vehicle registration fees and proponents support the fees to bring equity among drivers by ensuring all drivers pay for using roadways.


renewable energy worker.

Energy Storage for a Modern Electric Grid: Technology Trends and State Policy Options

A significant transformation of the electric grid is currently underway, driven by the rapid growth of new energy technologies. This primer is designed to assist state lawmakers in understanding how energy storage technologies work, the benefits that storage can deliver to the electric grid, the current legal and regulatory barriers to adoption, and policy options for addressing those obstacles.


NCSL Database

Energy Bill Tracking

This NCSL database features bills relating to climate change, energy efficiency, energy security, financing energy projects, fossil energy, green jobs, renewable energy and alternative transportation fuels.


file cabinet

Energy Resources 

The NCSL Energy Program posts its many policy resources online. Feel free to view our publications, legislative summaries, newsletters, presentations from past meetings, and webinar recordings.