VOPP: Table 3: States With Permanent Absentee Voting for All Voters, Voters With Permanent Disabilities and/or Senior Voters

4/27/2020

This table is part of NCSL’s Voting Outside the Polling Place report.

Some states permit voters to join a permanent absentee voting list, also known as a “single sign-on” list. This option may be offered to all voters, or to a limited number of voters based on certain criteria.

Five states and Washington, D.C., allow any voter to join a permanent absentee ballot list and will mail that voter an absentee ballot for each election going forward: Arizona, California, District of Columbia, Minnesota, Montana and New Jersey.

The other states listed in the table below put voters on a permanent list, based on certain criteria, usually age or disability. Note that in some cases a note from a physician or other indication of a permanent disability may be required.

An additional four states not included here automatically send absentee voter applications to voters on a permanent list. This differs from the states captured in the table below since voters have to return the application before receiving an absentee ballot.

  • Massachusetts (M.G.L. Ch. 54, §86), Missouri (Mo. Rev. Stat. §115.284) and Pennsylvania (25 P.S. § 3146.2(e1)) send permanently disabled voters absentee ballot applications each election.
  • Alaska (Alaska Admin. Code tit. 6, § 25.650) permits the election supervisor to designate a person as a permanent absentee voter if the voter resides in a remote area where distance, terrain or other natural conditions deny the voter reasonable access to the polling place; the voter’s permanent residence is in an institution serving the aged or persons with disabilities; or the voter is disabled and has required to be designated as a permanent absentee voter.
State Any Voter Voters with Permanent Disabilities Senior Voters (65 and Older)

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §16-544(A)

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California

Cal. Elec. Code §3200

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Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. 9-140e

 
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District of Columbia

D.C. Law §1-1001.07

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Delaware

Del. Code Ann. Tit. 15, §5503(k)
 
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Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. §25-1122(h)
 
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Louisiana

Louisiana Secretary of State Disability Program

 
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Minnesota

Minn. Rev. Stat. §203B.04(5)

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Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. § 23-15-629

 
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Montana

Mont. Code Ann. §13-13-212(4)

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Nevada

N.R.S. 293.3165

 
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New Jersey

N.J. Stat. §19:63-3(e)

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New York

N.Y. Election Law §8-400

 
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Tennessee

T. C. A. § 2-6-201

 
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West Virginia

W. Va. Code §3-3-2b

 
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Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 6.86(2)(a)

 
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